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date: 19 November 2019

International Court of Justice 

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History

Christopher Riches,

Jan Palmowski

The judicial court of the *UN, founded in 1946. Based in the Dutch capital of The Hague, it arbitrates between consenting nations based on international law. It has been relatively ineffective, as it could only spring into action if both the accuser and the accused agreed to the ICJ's involvement and its judgment. Many of the cases involve border disputes both on land and sea. The ICJ is one of the five principal organs of the UN, whereas the International Criminal Tribunals for the Former Yugoslavia (... ...

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