Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD REFERENCE (www.oxfordreference.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single entry from a reference work in OR for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 13 April 2021

Xichang Satellite Launch Centre

Source:
A Dictionary of Space Exploration
Author(s):
Stephen O'MearaStephen O'Meara, E. Julius DaschE. Julius Dasch

Xichang Satellite Launch Centre 

A Chinese satellite launch and space centre located under military jurisdiction in Sichuan Province. It became operational in 1983 with a Chang Zheng (Long March) rocket launch on 8 April 1984. The site was used throughout the 1990s to provide commercial launch services for foreign customers, but the programme suffered several high-profile failures, including a failed launch that veered off course, killing six people and injuring another 57 in a nearby village; its payload (the US$125 million Intelsat 708) was also destroyed. In 2004, Xichang received a major overhaul in order to support China’s robotic lunar programme.