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date: 26 January 2021

Kemal, Mustafa (Atatürk) (1881–1938) 

A Dictionary of Politics in the Middle East

Kristian Coates Ulrichsen

First President of the Turkish Republic from 1923 to 1938. After serving in the Balkan Wars of 1912–13, Mustafa Kemal rose to national prominence through his command of the 19th Ottoman Division at the Battle of Gallipoli in ... ...

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