Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD REFERENCE (www.oxfordreference.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2013. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single entry from a reference work in OR for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 30 October 2020

francophone 

Source:
A Dictionary of African Politics
Author(s):

Nic Cheeseman,

Eloïse Bertrand,

Sa’eed Husaini

Used to describe states that speak French, typically as a result of colonial rule. At present, sixteen sub-Saharan African countries list French as an official language: Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Côte d’Ivoire, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Madagascar, Mali, Niger, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, and Togo. However, this category is ambiguous in two ways. First, it is often taken to imply a French colonial legacy or the inclusion of a state in a relationship of ... ...

Access to the complete content on Oxford Reference requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.