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date: 30 September 2022

francophone 

Source:
A Dictionary of African Politics
Author(s):

Nic Cheeseman,

Eloïse Bertrand,

Sa’eed Husaini

Used to describe states that speak French, typically as a result of colonial rule. At present, sixteen sub-Saharan African countries list French as an official language: Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Côte d’Ivoire, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Madagascar, Mali, Niger, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, and Togo. However, this category is ambiguous in two ways. First, it is often taken to imply a French colonial legacy or the inclusion of a state in a relationship of ... ...

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