The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.
Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD REFERENCE (www.oxfordreference.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single entry from a reference work in OR for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 08 December 2022

Marie-Antoinette 1755–93
French Queen consort of Louis XVI 

  1. Qu'ils mangent de la brioche.
    Let them eat cake.
    on being told that her people had no bread
    attributed, but much older; in his Confessions (1740) Rousseau refers to a similar remark being a well-known saying; another version is ‘Que ne mangent-ils de la croûte de pâté? [Why don't they eat pastry?]’, attributed to Marie-Thérèse (1638–83), wife of Louis XIV