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date: 16 July 2019

Elizabeth I 1533–1603
English monarch, Queen of England and Ireland from 1558 

  1. The queen of Scots is this day leichter of a fair son, and I am but a barren stock.
    to her ladies, June 1566
  2. I love, and yet am forced to seem to hate;
    I do, yet dare not say I ever meant;
    I seem stark mute, but inwardly do prate.
     
    ‘On Monsieur's Departure’ (c. 1582)
  3. I know what it is to be a subject, what to be a Sovereign, what to have good neighbours, and sometimes meet evil-willers.
    speech to a Parliamentary deputation at Richmond, 12 November 1586, from a report ‘which the Queen herself heavily amended in her own hand’; see Elizabeth I
  4. In trust I have found treason.
    traditional concluding words of the speech to a Parliamentary deputation at Richmond, 12 November 1586; see Elizabeth I
  5. I know I have the body of a weak and feeble woman, but I have the heart and stomach of a king, and of a king of England too; and think foul scorn that Parma or Spain, or any prince of Europe, should dare to invade the borders of my realm.
    speech to the troops at Tilbury on the approach of the Armada, 1588
  6. The daughter of debate, that eke discord doth sow.
    on Mary Queen of Scots
    George Puttenham (ed.) The Art of English Poesie (1589) bk. 3, ch. 20
  7. To be a king and wear a crown is a thing more glorious to them that see it than it is pleasant to them that bear it.
    The Golden Speech, 1601
  8. Though God hath raised me high, yet this I count the glory of my crown: that I have reigned with your loves.
    The Golden Speech, 1601
  9. Must! Is must a word to be addressed to princes? Little man, little man! thy father, if he had been alive, durst not have used that word.
    to Robert Cecil, on his saying she must go to bed, shortly before her death
    J. R. Green A Short History of the English People (1874) ch. 7
  10. If thy heart fails thee, climb not at all.
    lines after Sir Walter Ralegh, written on a window-pane
    Thomas Fuller Worthies of England vol. 1; see Ralegh
  11. I would not open windows into men's souls.
    oral tradition, the words very possibly originating in a letter drafted by Bacon; in J. B. Black Reign of Elizabeth 1558–1603 (1936)
  12. My Lord, I had forgot the fart.
    to Edward de Vere, Earl of Oxford, on his return from seven years self-imposed exile, occasioned by the acute embarrassment to himself of breaking wind in the presence of the Queen
    John Aubrey Brief Lives ‘Edward de Vere’
  13. 'Twas God the word that spake it,
    He took the bread and brake it;
    And what the word did make it;
    That I believe, and take it.
     
    answer on being asked her opinion of Christ's presence in the Sacrament
    S. Clarke The Marrow of Ecclesiastical History (1675) pt. 2, bk. 1 ‘The Life of Queen Elizabeth’
  14. Semper eadem.
    Ever the same.
    motto
  15. All my possessions for a moment of time.
    last words; attributed, but almost certainly apocryphal