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date: 21 July 2019

Franz Ferdinand

Dictionary Plus History
Matthew KilburnMatthew Kilburn

Franz Ferdinand (1863–1914) Archduke of Austria. 

Nephew of Franz Josef, he became heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary in 1896. His belief in authoritarian central government was balanced by a wish to reorganize the empire into a federation of states on ethnic lines. While visiting Sarajevo in the province of Bosnia and Herzegovina, he was assassinated by a pro-Serbian revolutionary, Gavrilo Princip, on 28 June 1914. The ensuing accusations and threats between Austria-Hungary and Serbia and their allies led to the start of World War I.

Matthew Kilburn