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date: 30 October 2020

ISIS (Islamic State in Iraq and Syria), IS (Islamic State), or Daesh, also known as ISIL (Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant) 

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History

Christopher Riches,

Jan Palmowski

A fundamentalist Sunni Islamic terrorist organization. Its origins can be traced back to a Jordanian, Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, who was radicalized in Afghanistan. He formed the group that became al-Qaeda in Iraq, an organization that played a major part in the Iraq insurgency, unleashing a campaign of bombings and executions from ... ...

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