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date: 29 May 2020

Breton, André (1896–1966) French poet, essayist, critic, and editor, 

A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art

Ian Chilvers,

John Glaves-Smith

the founder of the *Surrealist movement and its chief theorist and promoter. He was born at Tinchebray, Orne, and studied medicine in Nantes, intending to specialize in mental disorders; his work with the insane was one of the sources of his interest in irrational imagery. During the First World War he served as an orderly in a military hospital; the suffering he saw appalled him and encouraged him to turn to writing, for he believed that emotional and imaginative forces could be used to offset the bankruptcy of science and rationalism. After his military service, Breton settled in Paris, where he became one of the editors of the review ... ...

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