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date: 23 February 2020


A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art

Ian Chilvers,

John Glaves-Smith

A movement in painting that originated in France in the 1860s and had an enormous impact on Western art over the following half century. As an organized movement, Impressionism was purely a French phenomenon, but many of its ideas and practices were adopted in other countries, and by the turn of the century it was a dominant influence on advanced art in Europe (and also in the USA and Australia). In essence, its effect was to undermine the authority of large, formal, highly finished paintings with historical, mythological, or religious subject‐matter, in favour of works that more immediately expressed the artist's response to the world.... ...

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