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date: 02 March 2021

aerial perspective (atmospheric perspective) 

The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists

Ian Chilvers

A term applied to (i) the atmospheric effect whereby distant landscape features look more hazy and bluish than near ones, and (ii) the imitation of this effect in painting. When light from the sun passes through the atmosphere it is scattered to some extent by gases and particles in the air. The amount of scattering depends on the wavelength (hence colour) of the light: short wavelength (blue) light is scattered most and long wavelength (red) is scattered least. This is why the sky appears to be blue. Near the horizon, the sky fades to a paler blue, since scattering and rescattering, as well as reflection from the earth, mixes the colours of light together again, so we see less blue and more white.... ...

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