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c. 15 million years ago

Go to Simiiformes in A Dictionary of Zoology (3 ed.)

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c. 6 million years ago

Go to Paranthropus in A Dictionary of Zoology (3 ed.)

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c. 4.5 million years ago

Go to hominid in A Dictionary of Biology (6 ed.)

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c. 4.4 million years ago

Go to Ardi in New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

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c. 3.6 million years old

Go to Australopithecus in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

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c. 3.2 million years ago

Go to Australopithecine in A Dictionary of Genetics (7 ed.)

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c. 2.6 million to 14,000 years ago

Go to Palaeolithic in The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

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c. 2.6 to 1.2 million years ago

Go to Neanderthal man in A Dictionary of Biology (6 ed.)

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Go to Paranthropus in A Dictionary of Zoology (3 ed.)

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c. 2.5 million years ago

Go to hominid in A Dictionary of Biology (6 ed.)

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c. 2.2 million years ago

Go to Homo in A Dictionary of Genetics (7 ed.)

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c. 2.2 to 1.4 million years ago

Go to Homo habilis in World Encyclopedia (1 ed.)

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c. 1.85 million years ago

Go to Homo habilis in World Encyclopedia (1 ed.)

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c. 1.8 million years ago

Go to Homo erectus in World Encyclopedia (1 ed.)

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1.6 million years ago

Go to Homo erectus in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

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Go to Speech in Magic Universe: A Grand Tour of Modern Science (1 ed.)

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77,000 years ago

Go to Speech in Magic Universe: A Grand Tour of Modern Science (1 ed.)

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c. 30,000 years ago

Go to cave art in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

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c. 5000 BCE

Go to Neolithic in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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c. 4400 BCE

Go to weaving in World Encyclopedia (1 ed.)

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c. 4000 BCE

Go to Land Transportation in The Oxford Companion to Archaeology (1 ed.)

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c. 3100 BCE

Go to Egypt, ancient in World Encyclopedia (1 ed.)

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Go to Egyptian art in World Encyclopedia (1 ed.)

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Go to writing in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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Go to writing in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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Go to Narmer (3150 bce) in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt (1 ed.)

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c. 3000 BCE

Go to papyrus in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms (2 ed.)

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Go to plough in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

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Go to ass in World Encyclopedia (1 ed.)

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Go to Sumer in The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

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Go to Games in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt (1 ed.)

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2781 BCE

Go to Sothic cycle in A Dictionary of Astronomy (2 rev ed.)

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c. 2620 BCE

Go to Imhotep (fl. c.2700 bc) in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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c. 2580 BCE

Go to Old Kingdom in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

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c. 2500 BCE

Go to Khufu (2609–2584bce) in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt (1 ed.)

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Go to Egypt in The Oxford Companion to Archaeology (1 ed.)

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Go to Sphinx (West Asia) in A Dictionary of World Mythology (1 ed.)

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Go to mummification in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

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Go to Bastet (West Asia) in A Dictionary of World Mythology (1 ed.)

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Go to shabti in The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

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c. 2000 BCE

Go to Middle Kingdom in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

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Go to Bantu in World Encyclopedia (1 ed.)

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Go to Khoisan in Encyclopedia of Africa (1 ed.)

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Go to Thebes, Egypt in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

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1850 BCE
c. 1750 BCE

Go to Scribes in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt (1 ed.)

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c. 1700 BCE

Go to Israelites in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

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c. 1630 BCE

Go to Hyksos in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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c. 1550 BCE

Go to Egyptian Book of the Dead in The Oxford Companion to the Book (1 ed.)

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c. 1540 BCE

Go to New Kingdom in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

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Go to Osiris in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

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c. 1520 BCE

Go to Thutmose I in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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c. 1500 BCE

Go to copper in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

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Go to Circumcision in Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages (1 ed.)

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Go to Thebes, Egypt in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

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Go to Amen in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

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c. 1490 BCE

Go to Hatshepsut (c. 1540–c. 1481 bc) in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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c. 1450 BCE

Go to glass in Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World (1 ed.)

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c. 1400 BCE

Go to cle'psydra in The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

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c. 1380 BCE

Go to Amun (West Asia) in A Dictionary of World Mythology (1 ed.)

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c. 1353 BCE

Go to Akhenaten in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

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c. 1350 BCE

Go to Akhenaten in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

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c. 1345 BCE

Go to Tell el-Amarna Tablets in The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev ed.)

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c. 1340 BCE

Go to Nefertiti (active 14th century bc) in World Encyclopedia (1 ed.)

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c. 1333 BCE

Go to Tutankhamun (died c.1352 bc) in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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c. 1324 BCE

Go to Tutankhamun (died c.1352 bc) in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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1279 BCE

Go to Ramses II in World Encyclopedia (1 ed.)

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c. 1275 BCE

Go to Kadesh, battle of (1300 bc) in The Oxford Companion to Military History (1 ed.)

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c. 1250 BCE

Go to Ramses II in World Encyclopedia (1 ed.)

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c. 1200 BCE

Go to Sea Peoples in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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c. 950 BCE

Go to pharaoh in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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c. 814 BCE

Go to Carthage in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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c. 800 BCE

Go to sundial in A Dictionary of Astronomy (2 rev ed.)

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c. 719 BCE

Go to Nubians in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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c. 700 BCE

Go to hieroglyphs in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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663 BCE

Go to Ashurbanipal in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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612 BCE

Go to Nebuchadnezzar in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

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c. 600 BCE

Go to Isis in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

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Go to Phoenicians in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

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c. 550 BCE

Go to Larache (Morocco) in The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (2 ed.)

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525 BCE

Go to Pelusium in The Oxford Classical Dictionary (3 rev ed.)

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c. 515 BCE

Go to Darius I (c.550–486 bc) in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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c. 500 BCE

Go to Aksum in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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Go to Nok in Encyclopedia of Africa (1 ed.)

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460 BCE

Go to Delian League in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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454 BCE

Go to Greek-Persian wars in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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c. 450 BCE

Go to Herodotus (c. 490–c. 425 bc) in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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409 BCE

Go to Sicily in The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

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332 BCE

Go to Alexandria in World Encyclopedia (1 ed.)

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from 323 BCE
323 BCE

Go to Ptolemy in Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World (1 ed.)

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322 BCE

Go to Ptolemy in Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World (1 ed.)

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c. 320 BCE

Go to Alexandrian Library in The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

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c. 300 BCE

Go to Mafia [Crime] in The Oxford Dictionary of Reference and Allusion (3 ed.)

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c. 280 BCE

Go to diaspora in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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Go to Herophilus in The Oxford Companion to Medicine (3 ed.)

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Go to Alexandria, Egypt in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

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264 BCE

Go to Punic wars in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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c. 260 BCE

Go to Alexandrian Library in The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

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Go to quinquereme in The Oxford Classical Dictionary (3 rev ed.)

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c. 250 BCE

Go to Ctesi'bius in The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

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Go to alchemy in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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241 BCE

Go to Punic wars in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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239 BCE

Go to Berenice (3) II in The Oxford Classical Dictionary (3 rev ed.)

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218 BCE

Go to Punic wars in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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202 BCE

Go to Zama, battle of  in Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World (1 ed.)

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196 BCE

Go to Rosetta Stone in The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

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149 BCE

Go to Punic wars in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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146 BCE

Go to Carthage in World Encyclopedia (1 ed.)

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80 BCE

Go to Pompey ‘the Great’ (106–48 bc) in The Oxford Companion to Military History (1 ed.)

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69 BCE

Go to Cleopa'tra VII (69–30 bc) in The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

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51 BCE

Go to Cleopa'tra VII (69–30 bc) in The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

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Go to Cleopa'tra VII (69–30 bc) in The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

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48 BCE

Go to Cleopa'tra VII (69–30 bc) in The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

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Go to Pompey (106–48 bc) in World Encyclopedia (1 ed.)

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Go to Caesar, Julius (100–44 bc) in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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Go to Caesar, Julius (100–44 bc) in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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47 BCE

Go to Cleopa'tra VII (69–30 bc) in The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

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Go to Cleopa'tra VII (69–30 bc) in The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

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Go to Cleopa'tra VII (69–30 bc) in The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

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Go to Caesar, Julius (100–44 bc) in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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46 BCE

Go to Carthage (Tunisia, USA) in The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (2 ed.)

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44 BCE

Go to Cleopa'tra VII (69–30 bc) in The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

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Go to Cleopa'tra VII (69–30 bc) in The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

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41 BCE

Go to Cleopatra VII (69–30 bc) in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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Go to Cleopatra VII (69–30 bc) in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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40 BCE

Go to Cleopatra VII (69–30 bc) in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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36 BCE

Go to Cleopatra VII (69–30 bc) in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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34 BCE

Go to Mark Antony (83–30 bc) in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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30 BCE

Go to Cleopa'tra VII (69–30 bc) in The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

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Go to Antony, Mark (82–30 bc) in World Encyclopedia (1 ed.)

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Go to Cleopa'tra VII (69–30 bc) in The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

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Go to Ptolemies in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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Go to Augustus (63 bc–ad 14) in World Encyclopedia (1 ed.)

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Go to Augustus (63 bc–ad 14) in World Encyclopedia (1 ed.)

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c. 50

Go to Mithras in The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

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69

Go to Vespasian (ad 9–79) in The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

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c. 75

Go to Hero of Alexandria (c.ad 62) in A Dictionary of Scientists (1 ed.)

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Go to Hero of Alexandria (c.ad 62) in A Dictionary of Scientists (1 ed.)

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c. 100

Go to Isis in The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

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Go to Fayyūm Portraits in The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium (1 ed.)

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Go to Roman roads in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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c. 150

Go to Ptolemy (130–75) in The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium (1 ed.)

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c. 244

Go to Plotinus (205–270) in World Encyclopedia (1 ed.)

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c. 250

Go to knitting in The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages (1 ed.)

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258

Go to Cyprian (c.ad 200–58) in Who's Who in the Classical World (1 ed.)

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c. 300

Go to Antony, St, of Egypt (251?–356) in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (2 rev ed.)

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Go to Dispersion, Diaspora in The Oxford Guide to People and Places of the Bible (1 ed.)

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303
c. 320

Go to Pachomius (d. 346) in The Oxford Dictionary of Saints (5 rev ed.)

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c. 350

Go to Nubians in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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Go to Frumentius, St (c.300–c.380) in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (2 rev ed.)

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367

Go to New Testament in The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium (1 ed.)

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c. 380

Go to Codex Sinaiticus (‘א’) in The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev ed.)

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c. 400

Go to Augustine of Hippo, St (354–430) in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions (1 rev ed.)

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c. 413

Go to City of God in The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages (1 ed.)

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439

Go to Gaiseric (428) in The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium (1 ed.)

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533

Go to Vandal in The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

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c. 535

Go to Arno of Reichersberg (c.1100–1175) in The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages (1 ed.)

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c. 543

Go to Nubia, Christianity in in The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev ed.)

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642

Go to Alexandria in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (2 rev ed.)

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643

Go to Copt in The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

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670

Go to Corvey in The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages (1 ed.)

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698

Go to Carthage in The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

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c. 700

Go to slavery in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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711

Go to Toledo in The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

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c. 780

Go to Kenya in The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture (1 ed.)

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828

Go to Mark, St in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (2 rev ed.)

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862

Go to Kairouan, Great Mosque of in The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages (1 ed.)

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c. 870

Go to Ibn Tulun, Ahmad (884) in The Oxford Dictionary of Islam (1 ed.)

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969

Go to Fāṭimids in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions (1 rev ed.)

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c. 1000

Go to Gao (Mali) in The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (2 ed.)

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Go to Salt Trade in Encyclopedia of Africa (1 ed.)

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Go to Limpopo (Botswana-Mozambique-South Africa-Zimbabwe) in The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (2 ed.)

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c. 1050

Go to Kanem-Bornu in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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Go to Kilwa in The Oxford Companion to Archaeology (1 ed.)

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Go to Ife (Osun/Nigeria) in The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (2 ed.)

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1062

Go to Almoravids (1046–1157) in The Oxford Dictionary of Islam (1 ed.)

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c. 1100

Go to Greek in A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000 (1 ed.)

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1147

Go to Almohads (1130–1269) in The Oxford Dictionary of Islam (1 ed.)

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1171

Go to Saladin (1138–93) in World Encyclopedia (1 ed.)

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c. 1180

Go to Maimonides, Moses (1135–1204) in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (2 rev ed.)

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c. 1200

Go to terracotta in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms (2 ed.)

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1219

Go to Francis Of Assisi, St (1181/2–1226) in The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (3 ed.)

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c. 1240

Go to Sundiata Keita (1210?–1260?) in Encyclopedia of Africa (1 ed.)

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c. 1250

Go to Great Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

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Go to Ife (Osun/Nigeria) in The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (2 ed.)

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Go to Saladin (1138–93) in World Encyclopedia (1 ed.)

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1269

Go to Almohad in World Encyclopedia (1 ed.)

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c. 1270

Go to Baybars I in The Oxford Dictionary of Islam (1 ed.)

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1315

Go to Nubia, Christianity in in The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev ed.)

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1324

Go to Mansa Musa (1307–37) in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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1325

Go to Mecca in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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1329

Go to Prester John in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (2 rev ed.)

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1415
c. 1420
c. 1427

Go to Azores in World Encyclopedia (1 ed.)

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1439

Go to Azores in World Encyclopedia (1 ed.)

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1446
c. 1450

Go to Benin, Kingdom of in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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Go to coffee in A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition (3 ed.)

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Go to caravel in The Oxford Companion to Ships and the Sea (2 ed.)

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1456

Go to Cape Verde in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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1462

Go to Cape Verde in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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1466
c. 1480

Go to Bantu in World Encyclopedia (1 ed.)

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Go to Songhay in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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1483
1488
1492

Go to privateers in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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c. 1500

Go to Benin, Kingdom of in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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1503
1517
1530

Go to Ethiopia in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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c. 1550
c. 1570

Go to Ashanti in World Encyclopedia (1 ed.)

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1574

Go to Ottoman Empire in Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

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c. 1600

Go to Yoruba in World Encyclopedia (1 ed.)

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1609

Go to Moriscos in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions (1 rev ed.)

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c. 1625

Go to Dahomey in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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1638
1652
1657
1661
1698
c. 1770
c. 1775
1787

Go to Sierra Leone in The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (2 ed.)

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c. 1795

Go to Afrikaner in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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1798

Go to Nile, battle of the (1798) in A Dictionary of British History (1 rev ed.)

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1799

Go to Rosetta stone in World Encyclopedia (1 ed.)

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1802
1803

Go to Tripolitan War (1800–15) in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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1806
1808
1809

Go to Fulani empire of Sokoto in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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1811

Go to Mameluke in The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

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1815

Go to St Helena in Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

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1816

Go to Shaka (1787–1828) in World Encyclopedia (1 ed.)

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Go to Banjul (The Gambia) in The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (2 ed.)

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1820
1821

Go to Khartoum in World Encyclopedia (1 ed.)

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Go to Napoleon I (1769–1821) in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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1822

Go to Champollion, Jean-François in Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

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Go to Mzilikazi (c. 1796–1868) in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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Go to Liberia (and Costa Rica) in The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (2 ed.)

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1827
1828

Go to Dingaan (1843) in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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1830

Go to Algeria in The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (2 ed.)

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1832

Go to Delacroix, Eugène (1798–1863) in World Encyclopedia (1 ed.)

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c. 1835
1836

1837



Go to Zanzibar (Tanzania) in The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (2 ed.)

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1838

1839
1840

Go to Dingaan (1843) in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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c. 1841
1843
1847

Go to Liberia in Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

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1848
c. 1850

Go to Livingstone, David (1813–73) in A Dictionary of British History (1 rev ed.)

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1853

Go to Livingstone, David (1813–73) in A Dictionary of British History (1 rev ed.)

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1854

Go to quinine in World Encyclopedia (1 ed.)

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1855

Go to Ethiopia in The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (2 ed.)

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1857
1861
1862

Go to Burton, Sir Richard (1821–90) in The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (3 ed.)

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Go to Speke, John Hanning (1827–1864) in Encyclopedia of Africa (1 ed.)

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1868
1869

Go to Livingstone, David (1813–73) in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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Go to Suez Canal in The Oxford Companion to Ships and the Sea (2 ed.)

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1871

Go to Afghani, Jamal al-Din al- (1897) in The Oxford Dictionary of Islam (1 ed.)

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Go to Aida in A Dictionary of Opera Characters (2 ed.)

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1872

Go to Cetchewayo, Chief (d. 1884) in The Oxford Companion to Military History (1 ed.)

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1873

Go to Zanzibar in World Encyclopedia (1 ed.)

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1874

Go to Stanley, Sir Henry Morton (1841–1904) in The Oxford Companion to British History (1 rev ed.)

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1876

Go to Malawi, Christianity in in The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev ed.)

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1877
1878
1879




Go to Cetchewayo, Chief (d. 1884) in The Oxford Companion to Military History (1 ed.)

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1880
1881

1882
1883

Go to Cetchewayo, Chief (d. 1884) in The Oxford Companion to Military History (1 ed.)

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Go to Mahdi in The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

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1884

Go to Cetchewayo, Chief (d. 1884) in The Oxford Companion to Military History (1 ed.)

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Go to Botha, Louis (1862–1919) in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century (1 ed.)

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Go to Botha, Louis (1862–1919) in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century (1 ed.)

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1885


1886

Go to Addis Ababa, Ethiopia in Encyclopedia of Africa (1 ed.)

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1887

Go to Zululand (KwaZulu-Natal/South Africa) in The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (2 ed.)

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1888
1889

Go to Menelik II (1844–1913) in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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1890
1891

1892

Go to Cavafy, Constantine (1863–1933) in The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

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1893


1895


1896


1897




1898

Go to Omdurman, battle of (2 September 1898) in The Oxford Companion to Military History (1 ed.)

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1899
1900

1901
1902

1903
1904
1905

Go to Cullinan diamond in The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

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1906

1907
1908
1909
1910

Go to Botha, Louis (b. 27 Sept. 1862) in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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1911

Go to Libya in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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1912


1913

Go to Zulu in World Encyclopedia (1 ed.)

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Go to Schweitzer, Albert (1875–1965) in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century (1 ed.)

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1914

Go to Hertzog, J. B. M. (1866–1942) in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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1915

Go to Proxima Centauri in A Dictionary of Astronomy (2 rev ed.)

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1916

Go to Ethiopia in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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1918
1919

Go to Smuts, Jan Christian (24 May 1870) in A Dictionary of Political Biography (1 rev ed.)

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1920

Go to Destour in The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World (1 ed.)

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1921

Go to Kenya in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Abd el‐Krim (1881–1963) in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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1922

Go to Suez Canal in The Oxford Companion to Ships and the Sea (2 ed.)

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Go to Togoland in The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (2 ed.)

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Go to Carter, Howard (1873–1939) in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

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1923
1924

Go to Hertzog, James Barry Munuik (b. 3 Apr. 1866) in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Burundi in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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1926
1928

Go to Muslim Brotherhood in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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1930

Go to Haile Selassie I (1892–1975) in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century (1 ed.)

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1931

Go to Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

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1933
1934
1935

Go to Cavafy, Constantine Peter (1863–1933) in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century (1 ed.)

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1936

Go to Farouk I (1920–1965) in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century (1 ed.)

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Go to Spanish Civil War (1936–39) in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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1937

Go to Blixen, Karen (1885–1962) in The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (3 ed.)

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1939
1940

Go to Mers el-Kebir (3 July 1940) in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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1941

Go to Rommel, Erwin (1891–1944) in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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Go to Auchinleck, Sir Claude John Eyre (1884–1981) in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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Go to Special Air Service in The Oxford Companion to World War II (1 ed.)

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Go to frogmen in The Oxford Companion to World War II (1 ed.)

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1942

Go to Tobruk, Siege of (1941–42) in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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Go to El Alamein, Battles of (1942) in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Alamein, El, Battle of (1942) in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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Go to North African Campaigns (June 1940–May 1943) in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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Go to Torch, Operation in The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military (1 ed.)

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Go to North African Campaigns (June 1940–May 1943) in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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1943

Go to Tubman, William Vacanarat Shadrach (Nov. 1895) in A Dictionary of Political Biography (1 rev ed.)

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Go to Casablanca Conference in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to North African campaigns (June 1940–May 1943) in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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c. 1945

Go to Arab League in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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1948

Go to Malan, Daniel François (1874–1959) in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century (1 ed.)

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Go to apartheid in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics (3 ed.)

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1949

Go to Gaza Strip in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to ANC in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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c. 1950

Go to Soweto, South Africa in Encyclopedia of Africa (1 ed.)

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1951

Go to Libya in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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1952

Go to Eritrea in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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1953

Go to Gordimer, Nadine (1923– ) in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century (1 ed.)

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1954

Go to Nasser, Gamal Abd al‐ (b. 15 Jan. 1918) in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Muslim Brotherhood in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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1955

Go to Nasser, Gamal Abdel in The Oxford Companion to the Politics of the World (2 ed.)

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1956

Go to Sudan in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Sudan in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Tunisia in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Togo in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Suez Crisis in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Suez Crisis in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Suez crisis in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics (3 ed.)

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Go to Suez crisis in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics (3 ed.)

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Go to Angola in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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1957

Go to Angola in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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1958

Go to United Arab Republic in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Touré, Ahmed Sékou (9 Jan. 1922) in A Dictionary of Political Biography (1 rev ed.)

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Go to Verwoerd, Hendrik Frensch (b. 8 Sept. 1901) in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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1959

Go to Mau Mau (1952–9) in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Leakey, Louis Seymour Bazett (1903–1972) in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century (1 ed.)

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Go to Bantustan in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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1960


Go to Sharpeville Massacre (21 Mar. 1960) in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Madagascar in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Somalia in The Oxford Companion to the Politics of the World (2 ed.)

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Go to Tshombe, Moise (1920–69) in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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Go to Niger in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Kenya in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Ivory Coast in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Mobutu, Sese Seko (1930–97) in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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Go to Mobutu, Sese Soko (1930–1997) in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century (1 ed.)

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Go to Luthuli, Albert John (c. 1898–1967) in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century (1 ed.)

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1961

Go to Hassan II (b. 9 July 1929) in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to South Africa, Republic of in A Dictionary of British History (1 rev ed.)

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Go to Hammarskjöld, Dag Hjalmar Agne Carl (1905–61) in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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Go to Cameroon in Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World (1 ed.)

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Go to Tanzania in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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1962

Go to Eritrea in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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1963

Go to Tshombe, Moise-Kapenda (1919–1969) in Encyclopedia of Africa (1 ed.)

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Go to African Union in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics (3 ed.)

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Go to ZANU in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Rwanda in Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World (1 ed.)

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1964

Go to Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla (b. 18 July 1918) in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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1965

Go to Boumédienne, Houari (b. 23 Aug. 1927) in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Mobutu, Sese Soko (1930–1997) in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century (1 ed.)

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Go to Rhodesia in A Dictionary of British History (1 rev ed.)

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1966

Go to Nkrumah, Kwame (c. 1909–1972) in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century (1 ed.)

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Go to Bokassa, Jean Bédel (b. 22 Feb. 1921) in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Angola in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Verwoerd, Hendrik Frensch (1901–66) in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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1967

Go to Biafra in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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Go to Six Day War in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Barnard, Christiaan Neethling (1922–2001) in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century (1 ed.)

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1968

Go to Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

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1969

Go to Arafat, Yasser (1929–2004) in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century (1 ed.)

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Go to Gaddafi, Muammar al- (b. Sept. 1942) in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to rock art in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

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1970

Go to Biafra in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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Go to Sadat, Muhammad Anwar al- (b. 25 Dec. 1918) in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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1971

Go to Amin, Idi (1925) in A Dictionary of Political Biography (1 rev ed.)

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Go to Congo, Democratic Republic of in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Gaddafi, Mu'ammer Muhammad al (1942–2011) in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century (1 ed.)

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1972

Go to Burundi in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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1973

Go to Habyarimana, Juvénal (1937?–1994) in Encyclopedia of Africa (1 ed.)

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Go to Yom Kippur War (Oct. 1973) in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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1974

Go to Haile Selassie I, Emperor (27 Jul. 1882) in A Dictionary of Political Biography (1 rev ed.)

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1975

Go to Angola in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Angola in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Benin in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Angola in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Gowon, Yakubu (19 Oct. 1934) in A Dictionary of Political Biography (1 rev ed.)

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Go to Angola in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Angola in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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1976

Go to Leakey, Mary (1913–1996) in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History (1 ed.)

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Go to Western Sahara in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Mozambique in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Western Sahara in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Soweto in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Entebbe Raid in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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1977

Go to Mengistu Haile Mariam (1940) in A Dictionary of Political Biography (1 rev ed.)

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Go to Biko, Steve (b. 18 Dec. 1946) in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Sadat, Anwar Mohammed (25 Dec. 1918) in A Dictionary of Political Biography (1 rev ed.)

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Go to Bokassa, Jean Bédel (b. 22 Feb. 1921) in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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1978

Go to Moi, Daniel Toroitich arap (b. 2 Sept. 1924) in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Sadat, Mohammed Anwar al (1918–1981) in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century (1 ed.)

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1979

Go to Western Sahara in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Amin, Idi (1925) in A Dictionary of Political Biography (1 rev ed.)

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Go to Muzorewa, Abel Tendekayi (b. 14 Apr. 1925) in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Rawlings, Jerry John (22 June 1947) in A Dictionary of Political Biography (1 rev ed.)

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Go to Bokassa, Jean Bédel (b. 22 Feb. 1921) in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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1980

Go to Obote, Milton Apollo (28 Dec. 1925) in A Dictionary of Political Biography (1 rev ed.)

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1981

Go to Mubarak, Mohammed Hosni Said (4 May 1928) in A Dictionary of Political Biography (1 rev ed.)

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1982

Go to Senegambia in The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (2 ed.)

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Go to PLO in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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1983

Go to Coetzee, J. M. (1940– ) in The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (3 ed.)

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Go to Sudan, Christianity in in The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev ed.)

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1984

Go to Burkina Faso in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Ethiopia in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Hominid Evolution in Encyclopedia of Evolution (1 ed.)

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Go to Tutu, Desmond Mpilo (1931– ) in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century (1 ed.)

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1985

Go to Obote, Apollo Milton (b. 1924) in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Nyerere, Julius Kambarage (Mar. 1922) in A Dictionary of Political Biography (1 rev ed.)

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1986

Go to Museveni, Yoweri Kaguta (1944) in A Dictionary of Political Biography (1 rev ed.)

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Go to Libya in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to South Africa in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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Go to Rwanda in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Tutu, Desmond Mpilo (1931– ) in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century (1 ed.)

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1988

Go to Angola in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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1989

Go to De Klerk, Frederik Willem (18 Mar. 1936) in A Dictionary of Political Biography (1 rev ed.)

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1990

Go to De Klerk, Frederik Willem (18 Mar. 1936) in A Dictionary of Political Biography (1 rev ed.)

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Go to Mandela, Nelson (Rolihlahia) (1918– ) in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century (1 ed.)

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Go to Houphouët‐Boigny, Félix (b. 18 Oct. 1905?) in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Inkatha Freedom Party in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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1991

Go to Bin Laden, Osama (1957–2011) in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Mali in World Encyclopedia (1 ed.)

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Go to Benin, Republic of in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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Go to Mengistu Haile Mariam (1940) in A Dictionary of Political Biography (1 rev ed.)

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Go to Zenawi, Meles (1995) in Encyclopedia of Africa (1 ed.)

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Go to Angola in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Western Sahara in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Rwanda in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Somalia in World Encyclopedia (1 ed.)

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Go to Sierra Leone in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Kaunda, Kenneth David (28 Apr. 1924) in A Dictionary of Political Biography (1 rev ed.)

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Go to Islamic Salvation Front in The Oxford Dictionary of Islam (1 ed.)

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1992

Go to Algeria in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Dance Theatre of Harlem in The Oxford Dictionary of Dance (2 ed.)

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Go to Angola in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Somalia in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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1993

Go to apartheid in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Guinea in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Libya in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Eritrea in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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Go to Habyarimana, Juvénal (1937?–1994) in Encyclopedia of Africa (1 ed.)

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Go to Burundi in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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Go to Burundi in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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Go to Mandela, Nelson (Rolihlahia) (1918– ) in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century (1 ed.)

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1994

Go to Rwandan Genocide in The Oxford Companion to the Politics of the World (2 ed.)

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Go to Somalia in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Habyarimana, Juvénal (1937?–1994) in Encyclopedia of Africa (1 ed.)

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Go to Burundi in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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Go to Rwandan Genocide in The Oxford Companion to the Politics of the World (2 ed.)

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Go to Rwandan Genocide in The Oxford Companion to the Politics of the World (2 ed.)

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Go to South Africa in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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Go to ANC in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Mandela, Nelson (Rolihlahia) (1918– ) in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century (1 ed.)

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Go to Banda, Hastings Kamuzu (1902) in A Dictionary of Political Biography (1 rev ed.)

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Go to Somalia in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to South Africa in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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Go to Rwanda in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Ardi in New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

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Go to Rwandan Genocide in The Oxford Companion to the Politics of the World (2 ed.)

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1995

Go to Somalia in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Zenawi, Meles (1995) in Encyclopedia of Africa (1 ed.)

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Go to Saro-Wiwa, Ken(ule) Beeson (1941–95) in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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Go to Mozambique in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

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1996

Go to Bin Laden, Osama (1957–2011) in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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Go to Tutu, Desmond Mpilo (1931– ) in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century (1 ed.)

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Go to Rawlings, Jerry John (22 June 1947) in A Dictionary of Political Biography (1 rev ed.)

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1997

Go to Annan, Kofi (1938– ) in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century (1 ed.)

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Go to Western Sahara in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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1998

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Go to Mugabe, Robert Gabriel (21 Feb. 1924) in A Dictionary of Political Biography (1 rev ed.)

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1999

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Go to Bouteflika, Abdelaziz (b. 2 Mar. 1937) in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.)

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