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date: 09 May 2021

Reconsidering African Elections 

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Politics
Carolien van HamCarolien van Ham, Staffan LindbergStaffan Lindberg

Trends in the spread and quality of elections in Africa largely mirror the development of democracy on the continent: from expansion of democratic rights and institutions during the period leading up to independence and for a short period after it, to rapid retreat in the 1970s, followed by the resurgence of democracy starting in the late 1980s.... ...

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