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date: 21 October 2019

Urbanization (Africa)  

Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability
Anthony M. O’CONNORAnthony M. O’CONNOR

Urban growth in Africa, especially tropical Africa, is the world’s fastest, with excess of births over deaths and net in-migration. Cities with 1 million inhabitants in1960had more than 4 million by2010. Africa is still becoming more urbanized, although less rapidly than in the period from1960 to 1990. Some cities have long histories but more date from the 1880s–1960s (the colonial era) and have changed greatly since independence. Because urban growth takes place in conditions of extreme material poverty for the majority of people, it presents both governments and families with great sustainability challenges. ...

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