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date: 06 July 2020

Shipping and Freight  

Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability

Water-based transportation modes are considered more environmentally “friendly” than other modes such as road haulage and aviation. Nevertheless, the shipping industry faces several severe sustainability issues, including greenhouse gas emissions, ocean contamination, and ship disposal. Shipping in Africa and Europe is marked by the difficulty of enforcing international regulations and by the fact that the national laws with which ships have to comply change as ships change territorial waters. ...

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