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date: 08 July 2020

Middle East  

Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability
Diana K. DAVISDiana K. DAVIS

The Middle East includes western and southwestern Asia as well as North Africa. Most of the population of roughly 390 million people speaks Arabic. The region is primarily desert or semi-desert, and several countries’ economies depend on their abundant oil reserves. The region is facing degradation of water quality, overcultivation of marginal lands, and widespread pollution. Although deforestation and desertification have long been believed to be problems in the region, research has undermined this common misunderstanding and revealed that the Middle East has a much more resilient and dynamic environment than previously thought. ...

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