Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD REFERENCE (www.oxfordreference.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2013. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single entry from a reference work in OR for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 18 November 2019

Immigrants and Refugees  

Source:
Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability
Author(s):
Caroline Muthoni NJUKICaroline Muthoni NJUKI

Voluntary and forceful displacement have gradually increased over the years, driven by factors such as conflicts due to civil strife, development, and environmental impacts such as drought and rising sea levels. Improvements in transportation and communication have made migration easier. It is difficult to speculate how changing environments will affect migration in the coming decades and what mitigation initiatives on the effects of the changing environment will be effective. ...

Access to the complete content on Oxford Reference requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.