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date: 15 October 2019

Outsourcing and Offshoring  

Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability

Outsourcing occurs when one firm contracts out part of its production process to another firm, rather than producing the entire value chain internally. Outsourcing does not necessarily have an international dimension, although the term is often used informally to describe the movement of jobs overseas. Offshoring describes the shifting of production across borders. Although the economics of both of these practices are well understood, many questions remain about their implications for environmental sustainability. ...

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