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Russia

Russia   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
2,704 words

In December 1991 the first independent Russian state since 1922 came into being in a storm of optimism. Soviet communism ...

Russia

Russia   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
4,755 words

In 1682, the ten-year-old Peter I (1672–1725) ascended the tsar's throne, together with his handicapped elder half-brother, ...

Russia

Russia   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
15,686 words
Illustration(s):
4

This entry contains six subentries, on the economic history of Russia during the early and medieval, early modern, ...

Russia, Islam in

Russia, Islam in   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
128 words

Eight to 12 percent of Russians are Muslim, comprising over twenty ethnic groups. The largest groups are the Turkic Tatars, ...

Russia

Russia   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
1,141 words

During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries “Russia” was synonymous with “Moscovia,” or “Muscovy.” Although the term Czardom of All Russia ...

Russia

Russia   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
3,248 words

The name Russia is used throughout this entry to denote what was formerly the Russian Soviet Socialist Republic, largest of ...

Russia, the Russian Empire, and the Soviet Union

Russia, the Russian Empire, and the Soviet Union   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
7,664 words
Illustration(s):
5

The premodern legacy of Russia consists of several developments hugely influential in the modern evolution of the country: ...

1. The conversion

Russia

Russia   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
10,135 words
Illustration(s):
3

The emergence of Russian law is conventionally associated with the conversion of Kievan Rus to Christianity, around 988. Records for ...

Russia

Russia   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
2,609 words

Islam arrived in parts of what is now the Russian Federation (RF), notably the North Caucasus, as early ...

Russia

Russia   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Human Rights

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Social sciences
Length:
5,277 words

Human rights in Russia at the time the Soviet Union collapsed at the end of 1991 were improving. There had ...

Russia

Russia   Reference library

Norman Davies

The Oxford Companion to World War II

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

Strictly speaking the term Russia refers only to the RSFSR, the largest of the sixteen republics which made up the ...

archaeology: Russia, Belarus, and the Ukraine

archaeology: Russia, Belarus, and the Ukraine   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
1,500 words

At the beginning of the MA, the eastern landmass of Europe was divided between two ethno-cultural blocs. The northern part, ...

Russia

Russia   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
1,691 words
Illustration(s):
4

The Russian Federation is the world's largest country. About 25% lies W of the Ural Mountains (Uralskie Gory) in European ...

Russia

Russia   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Scottish History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,268 words

There has been considerable speculation about the origins of the significant relationship between Russia and Scotland. No less a document ...

Russia

Russia   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
22,090 words
Illustration(s):
1
... Demographics and a Brief Historical Perspective Robert T. Francoeur A. Demographics Russia's 6.6 million square miles (17.1 million km2 ... More
Russia

Russia   Reference library

Leo S. Klejn and Leo S. Klejn

The Oxford Companion To Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
5,137 words

Pre-Revolutionary Russia The Soviet and Post-Soviet Eras ...

Russia

Russia   Reference library

Karen Dawisha

The Oxford Companion to Comparative Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
3,745 words

Russian politics between the collapse of the Soviet Union and the 2011–2012 Duma and presidential elections underwent a turbulent transformation. ...

Russia, North-East

Russia, North-East   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
491 words

By North-East Russia – or Rus' – contemporary historiography designates a marginal region of Kievan Rus', between the courses ...

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