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mercenaries

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Mercenaries

Mercenaries   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
770 words

White mercenaries played major roles in conflicts in weak African states from 1960 onward. Until 1990, the characteristic pattern ...

Mercenaries

Mercenaries   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
358 words

(μισθοφόροι) were hired by the Byz. throughout their history to secure needed manpower or skills. Germanic mercenaries, attracted by wages ...

Mercenaries

Mercenaries   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

These were warriors who received payment for military services provided outside the context of preexisting social and political obligations. In ...

Mercenaries

Mercenaries   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
2,344 words

The words “mercenary” and “soldier” both initially meant “person paid (to fight),” but “mercenary” is now often used to mean ...

Mercenaries

Mercenaries   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
850 words

From Homer (eighth century bce) through the fifth century bce, the Greek word epikouroi (helpers) was used to ...

mercenaries

mercenaries   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
258 words

While mercenaries have been used in war from Roman times, the laws of war have contained no explicit references to ...

mercenaries, medieval

mercenaries, medieval   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

It would be wrong to categorize all paid troops as mercenaries in the medieval period. Pay was widely used, and ...

mercenaries, modern

mercenaries, modern   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

Modern mercenaries shun easy definition. Simply describing them as hired soldiers misses the point, for there is an important mercenary ...

mercenaries in Europe

mercenaries in Europe   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Scottish History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
794 words

Since the 15th century the Garde Écossaise had served as the personal bodyguard of the king of France, although their ...

mercenaries in Ireland

mercenaries in Ireland   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Scottish History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,024 words

The movement of large numbers of men from the Hebrides and western Scotland to fight in Ireland was a notable ...

mercenaries

mercenaries   Reference library

John F. Lazenby and Jonathan C. N. Coulston

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
754 words
For there to be mercenaries, three conditions are necessary—*warfare, people willing to pay, and others to serve. Warfare existed almost throughout Greek history, and there were probably ... More
soldier of fortune

soldier of fortune   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

a person who works as a soldier for any country or group that will pay them; a mercenary: he had fought with soldiers of fortune in South Africa, Chad, and Lebanon....

mercenary

mercenary   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

n.a professional soldier hired to serve in a foreign army. ...

late Middle English (as a noun): from Latin mercenaruis...

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