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Libraries

Libraries   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
2,719 words
Illustration(s):
1

Greek and Roman libraries invented the main forms and practices of librarianship that mark Western traditions down to the present

Libraries

Libraries   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
2,432 words

Like Islamic civilization in general, Islamic libraries have a glorious past to which present-day Muslims are struggling to measure up.

Library

Library   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
905 words

Building for storage of and access to texts. Ancient Greek and Roman libraries were located in palaces, municipal buildings and

Libraries

Libraries   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,440 words

are collections of books, periodicals, manuscripts, and other sources of information. While new information technologies are changing forms of collection

libraries

libraries   Reference library

Peter F. McNally

The Oxford Companion to Canadian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
773 words
Libraries are knowledge and literacy systems that exist for the collective ownership of textual publications. Their emergence in Canada coincides with the arrival of Europeans and ... More
libraries, types

libraries, types   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
144 words
Libraries exist to fulfil a range of needs, personal, intellectual, and scholarly. At the personal level, there is the private library collected by an individual to suit his or her own ... More
Libraries

Libraries   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Italian Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
1,001 words

are an essential feature of intellectual life, always present in a civilization with a developed culture. In the Middle Ages

Libraries

Libraries   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to German Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
299 words

In the Middle Ages the monasteries possessed in their collections of MSS. the only real libraries. Those of Fulda, Reichenau,

libraries

libraries   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Scottish History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,022 words

In Scotland the collecting of books began well before the advent of printing (see printing and publishing). Details

libraries

libraries   Reference library

P. J. Parsons

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
1,171 words

By the end of the 5th cent. bc, books were in general circulation, even if some regarded them as a fad of intellectuals like ...

libraries, medieval

libraries, medieval   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
448 words

The earliest medieval institutional libraries were found in *monasteries, which were usually in rural areas. Books were required because

libraries

libraries   Reference library

Rosemarie C. Sultan

The Oxford Reader's Companion to Dickens

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
532 words
We associate Dickens with cheaper forms of publication (serial publication and publication in newspapers and magazines in particular), but the general state of the mid-Victorian book ... More
libraries

libraries   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
314 words
In the fourteenth century, libraries were small collections (numbered in hundreds rather than thousands) of manuscripts stored in monasteries, universities, and royal palaces. In the ... More
Libraries

Libraries   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
1,273 words
Illustration(s):
1

Medieval libraries were not just places where books were stored, but veritable centres of culture, where texts were read and

Library

Library   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
821 words

Libraries and books were important in the Islamic world because of the primacy accorded the written word in Islam (

Libraries

Libraries   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Maritime History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Military History
Length:
3,975 words

This entry contains two subentries: Maritime Collections, Shipboard Collections

Libraries

Libraries   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
130 words

The first library collections in the Muslim world appeared in the Umayyad era (661–750) and belonged to mosque

Libraries

Libraries   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
4,243 words

Eighteenth-century dictionaries give three definitions of a library. It is, first of all, a room in which books are stored.

Libraries

Libraries   Reference library

Priscilla D. Older

The Oxford Companion to Women's Writing in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
1,551 words
The history of women's association with libraries in America is linked to the history of their efforts to educate themselves, to improve their own lives and the lives of others, and to be ... More
Libraries.

Libraries.   Reference library

Wayne A. Wiegand

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
863 words
“Libraries have improved the general conversation of the Americans,” Benjamin Franklin observed in his autobiography, “and perhaps contributed in some degree to the stand so generally made ... More

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