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Josephus Quick reference
Edith Mary Smallwood and Tessa Rajak
was a Greek historian but also a Jewish priest of aristocratic descent and largely Pharisaic education, and a political leader in pre-70 Jerusalem. Though a zealous defender of Jewish religion and culture, his writing is largely hostile to the various revolutionary groups, whom he regarded as responsible for the fall of the Temple: his theology centres on the idea that God was currently on the Romans' side. Participation in a delegation to Rome (...
Josephus (37–c.100 ce) Reference library
priest, general, and historian. Josephus lived the first half of his life in
JOSEPHUS FLAVIUS Reference library
(c.38–100), politician, soldier, and historian. During the Great Revolt against the Romans he was commander in Galilee, but when his fortress, Jotapata, was conquered, he went over to the Romans. As a prisoner-cum-ally of Rome, he took on the Flavian name, associated with the family of Vespasian (his Hebrew name was apparently Yosef ben Mattityahu ha-Kohen). Josephus accompanied Vespasian and Titus during the siege of Jerusalem and later lived in Rome, where he wrote books on Jewish history (...