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Jihad

Jihad   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
575 words

Originally the doctrine of struggle against unbelievers for the expansion and protection of the Muslim community, jihad is closely linked ...

Jihad

Jihad   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
181 words

From the Arabic root meaning “to strive,” “to exert,” “to fight”; exact meaning depends on context. May express a struggle ...

Jihad, al-

Jihad, al-   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
114 words

Jamaat al-Jihad or Islamic Jihad Community. Egyptian Islamic group that assassinated President Anwar Sadat in 1981. Established in the ...

Jihād

Jihād   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
97 words

(Arab., jahada, ‘he made an effort’). ...

More fully, jihād fī sabīl Allāh, ‘striving in the cause of God’.

Jihād

Jihād   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
3,389 words

Connoting an endeavor toward a praiseworthy aim, the word jihād bears many shades of meaning in the Islamic context. It ...

jihad

jihad   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

(Arabic: jihād, ‘striving, exerting oneself’). ...

Some classical Islamic writers distinguished between ‘the greater jihad’, a spiritual struggle against the

jihad

jihad   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
47 words

Religious obligation imposed upon Muslims through the Koran to spread Islam and protect its followers by waging war on non-believers. ...

Jihad

Jihad   Reference library

Michael Gilsenan

The Oxford Companion to Comparative Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
603 words

Originally conceived of as the doctrine of struggle against unbelievers for the expansion and protection of the Muslim community, jihad ...

jihād

jihād   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
665 words

The common translation “holy war” does not do justice to the meaning and scope of this concept in the world ...

jihad

jihad   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

a holy war undertaken by Muslims against unbelievers. The name comes from Arabic jihād, literally ‘effort’, expressing, in Muslim thought, struggle on behalf of God and Islam....

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