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Computers

Computers   Reference library

Nathan L. Ensmenger

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
2,234 words
Illustration(s):
1
The electronic digital computer is one of the defining technologies of the modern era. Computers are so ubiquitous that they have almost become invisible: in addition to sitting on our ... More
computer

computer   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
508 words
An electronic device for manipulating digital data. The earliest digital computers, developed during and after World War II, were primarily intended for large-scale numerical calculations. ... More
computer

computer   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
512 words

Device that processes data (information) by following a set of instructions called a program. All digital computers work by

computers

computers   Reference library

Barry C. Smith

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
721 words
Devices in which formal computations are performed automatically. A computation is an inference-like operation which is defined over a set of representational structures, and results from ... More
computers

computers   Reference library

Science, Technology, and Society

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

Computers are a major focus of contemporary fascination with technology. Computing tools of one kind or another have a long

computers

computers   Reference library

John M. Last

The Oxford Companion to Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
1,243 words
Nowadays a photograph of a doctor at her desk in the consulting room shows a computer keyboard and screen in the background more often than a stethoscope and blood pressure measuring ... More
computer

computer   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Semiotics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
1,264 words

If it were distinguished only by its number‐crunching ability, the computer would be no more than a better abacus. From

Computers.

Computers.   Reference library

Robert W. Seidel

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,671 words

Electronic computers came into widespread use during and after World War II. Analog and electromechanical computers, anticipated by the nineteenth-century English mathematician ...

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