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world problematique

A concept created by the Club of Rome to describe the complex set of the crucial problems (political, social, economic, technological, environmental, psychological, and cultural) that ...

world problematique

world problematique   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... problematique A concept created by the Club of Rome to describe the complex set of the crucial problems (political, social, economic, technological, environmental, psychological, and cultural) that humanity faces, and that need...

world problematique

world problematique  

A concept created by the Club of Rome to describe the complex set of the crucial problems (political, social, economic, technological, environmental, psychological, and cultural) that humanity faces, ...
Club of Rome

Club of Rome  

A non‐profit, non‐governmental, global think‐tank that brings together scientists, business people, and bureaucrats who share an interest in tackling what the Club calls the world problematique. One ...
Forrester, Jay Wright

Forrester, Jay Wright (1918)   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of the History of American Management

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
1,554 words

...to find ways to better understand the changes occurring in the world, now understood as the global problematique . The renowned Limits to Growth study grew out of the club's planned programme to explore the alternatives to the problematique driven by manifestations of stress in the world system such as excessive population, rising pollution and increasing inequality in standards of living. This study was based on Forrester's system dynamics approach. The publication of this work in World Dynamics ( 1971 ) received much attention in the press,...

villa

villa   Reference library

David J. Mattingly

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
593 words

...Villa (1978); K. Branigan and D. Miles , The Economies of Romano-British Villas (1988); D. Neal and others, Excavation of the Iron Age, Roman and Medieval Settlement of Gorhambury, St Albans (1990); J. G. Gorges , Les Villas hispano-romaines: Inventaire et problématique archéologiques (1979); E. M. Wightman , ANRW 2. 1. 584 ff.; J. Rossiter , JRA 1989, 101 ff.; S. Alcock , Graecia Capta (1993), index (for Roman Greece); X. Lafon , Villa maritima (2001); J. Ortalli (ed.), Vivere in villa (2003). David J....

Churchman, C. West

Churchman, C. West (1913)   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of the History of American Management

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
969 words

...in the field of management. He is renowned for his contribution to systems thinking, the establishment of OR and his contribution to the debate on the ethics of science. He also made contributions to research methodology, logic, modelling complex problems, and the world problematique of futures studies. He was an all-round thinker and an excellent writer with a knack for bringing his thinking into clear relief with the use of poetry, stories and example problems. His work continuously called for the recognition of the importance of wisdom and hope in...

Francophonie, La

Francophonie, La   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
741 words

...community, the bulk of which consists of Third World countries unable to match the economic and political might of the industrialized world. Significantly, the second francophone summit was held in Quebec in 1987 . Despite their numerical weight, black Africans had to wait until 1989 before hosting the third summit, held in Dakar. [ Alec Hargreaves ] See J.-J. Luthi , A. Viatte , and G. Zananiri , Dictionnaire général de la francophonie (1986); M. Tétu , La Francophonie: histoire, problématique et perspectives ...

Michotte, Albert

Michotte, Albert (1881–1965)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
988 words

... The Perception of Causality (trans. T. R. and E. Miles , 1963). —— (1959). ‘ Réflexions sur le rôle du langage dans l'analyse des organisations perceptives ’. Acta Psychologica , 15. —— (1962). Causalité, permanence et réalité phénoménales . Thinès, G. (1968). La problématique de la psychologie , esp. ch....

Psychoanalysis in France

Psychoanalysis in France   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
1,004 words

...pupils of Lacan like André Green , Serge Leclaire , Jean Laplanche , and J.-B. Pontalis comprised an energetic second generation of French theorists, and Laplanche and Pontalis's Vocabulaire de la psychanalyse ( 1967 ) and the Laplanche essays collected as Problématiques ( 1981–  ) are among the outstanding psychoanalytic works produced anywhere since the death of Freud. On the other hand, Lacan's teaching, especially in the two decades following the publication of his Écrits ( 1966 ), gave psychoanalytic concepts an extraordinary general...

Harman, Willis Walter

Harman, Willis Walter (1918–97)   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of the History of American Management

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
827 words

...of the approach was to construct sequences of these possible futures, which came to be known as ‘future histories’. The policy implications they explored revealed that only a handful of possible futures were at all desirable. Furthermore, due to the interrelatedness of the problematique , the desirable futures required fundamental changes in the industrial culture. SRI developed a Center for the Study of Social Policy to continue the work, of which Harman became director. He went on to assess the conceptual foundation of thinking and doing that might support...

Folly, Anne Laure

Folly, Anne Laure (1954)   Reference library

sarah b. buchanan

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,143 words

...world-music recording company OCORA and then at Radio France International) and Juliette Reimann. She has one sister. Folly studied law in Paris at the Université de Paris II–Panthéon-Assas. She began her career as an international legal adviser for UNESCO in 1981 . In the early 1990s, Folly began making films. In- spired by Sarah Maldoror (a French-Guadeloupean filmmaker) and Safi Faye (a Senegalese filmmaker and ethnologist), whom she has called “des militantes dont le travail cinématographique est inspirant car il interroge l’essence des problématiques...

Foreign-Policy Analysis

Foreign-Policy Analysis   Reference library

Valerie M. Hudson

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Military and Diplomatic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Akan Malici , and Mark Schafer , eds. Rethinking Foreign Policy Analysis: States, Leaders, and the Microfoundations of Behavioral International Relations . New York: Routledge, 2011. Wight, Colin . “ They Shoot Dead Horses, Don’t They? Locating Agency in the Agent-Structure Problematique. ” European Journal of International Relations 5, no. 1 (March 1999): 109–142. Valerie M....

Security, International

Security, International   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
5,759 words

...a new focus of international security agendas. As the nuclear sword of Damocles was lifted with the end of the Cold War, many problems came to the surface that had initially received little international public attention. The former East-West problematique has been replaced increasingly by a North-South problematique, illustrated by a highly polarized distribution of wealth and resources in favor of northern and developed countries. The combined wealth of the second largest continent, Africa, does not equal the wealth of a single European country, such as the...

Bradwardine, Thomas

Bradwardine, Thomas (c.1300–1349)   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
1,612 words

...proportionibus velocitatum in motibus , ed. and trans. H. Lamar Crosby, Jr as Thomas of Bradwardine, His Tractatus de Proportionibus. Its Significance of the Development of Mathematical Physics (Madison, 1955; edn pp. 64–175). Insolubilia, ed. Marie-Louise Roure , ‘ La problématique des propositions insolubles au XIIIe siècle et au début du XIVe, suivie de l'édition des traités de W. Shyreswood, W. Burleigh et Th. Bradwardine ’, Archives d'histoire doctrinale et littéraire du Moyen Age , vol. 37 (1970), pp. 205–326 (edn pp. 285–326). De futuris...

Parent, Jean Jacques Clark

Parent, Jean Jacques Clark (1951– )   Reference library

Rebecca Dirksen

Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro–Latin American Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,670 words

...date unknown), Dorléus (theater, date unknown), N’ap kanzo nan filozofi (Initiation to Philosophy, date unknown), “L’Éloge de l’absurde” (poem, date unknown), Le Comportement de l’haïtien a travers la psychanalyse (social analysis, date unknown), and La Clef des problématique haïtienne (sociopolitical treatise, date unknown). The novel Mi-dieu, mi-bête ( 1995 ), like many of his works of fiction, draws on historical realities of Haiti to explore the complex and seemingly contradictory threshold between Catholicism and Vodouism, French and...

Modernity and Modernization

Modernity and Modernization   Reference library

Robbie Shilliam

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
10,790 words

...narrative; and meaning – if there is to be found any meaning – must be understood as immanent in this new human existence rather than transcendental ( Lash and Friedman 1992 ). With this in mind it is interesting to note that, similarly the sociology problematique, the core problematique of IR theory has always been the paradoxical search for order under conditions of anarchy. However, for this task, sociology has not relied upon a Realist canon of classical political thinkers, but upon Émile Durkheim, Karl Marx, and Max Weber. Order, Anomie...

Sustainable Development

Sustainable Development   Reference library

M. Leann Brown

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
10,537 words

...exact a low environmental toll and are compatible with local cultural norms ( Dryzek 2005 :144–6). The evolution of SD into its current usage began with the 1980 publication of the World Conservation Strategy privileging ecological aspects of the problematique by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature, the United Nations Environment Programme, and the World Wildlife Fund ( IUCN 1980 ). At the 1992 United Nations (UN) Conference on Environment and Development (the Rio Earth Summit), 171 state delegations accepted the Brundtland formulation...

Sovereignty as a Problematic Conceptual Core

Sovereignty as a Problematic Conceptual Core   Reference library

Rosemary E. Shinko

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
10,792 words

...brand of masculinity is associated with autonomy, sovereignty, the capacity for reason and objectivity and universalism, whereas the dominant notion of feminity is associated with the absence or lack of these characteristics.” Deconstructing Sovereignty: The Foundational Problématique Critical theory attempts to reconceptualize political communities that transcend the bounded territorial sovereign state, and Linklater’s ( 1990 ; 1996b ; 1998 ; 2007 ) work has been seminal in this regard because, according to Devetak ( 2005a :147), he not only set the agenda...

Historical Sociology

Historical Sociology   Reference library

John M. Hobson, George Lawson, and Justin Rosenberg

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
11,131 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Wight , and Stanley Hoffman have employed history as a means of illuminating their research. Indeed, Wight ( 1966 ) made searching through international history the sine qua non of international theory, the best that could be hoped for in a discipline without a core problematique of its own. For their part, both Morgenthau and Carr saw the international realm as one of fundamental discontinuity, even if they accepted the importance of unit-level attributes such as aristocratic rule and citizenship rights to changes in the makeup of the international...

French Literature

French Literature   Reference library

Arthur Chimkovitch

The Oxford Guide to the Historical Reception of Augustine

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
6,138 words

... B. Roussel , Mauriac, le péché et la grace (Paris 1965). L. D. Rubin , ‘Mauriac, or the Novelist as Theologian’, in id., The Teller in the Tale (Seattle 1967) 178–210. A. Séailles (1978a), ‘La Problématique de la dans L’Agneau ’, Revue des lettres modernes 516–22 (1978) 25–42. —— (ed.) (1978b), François Mauriac et la grâce . Textes réunis par André Séailles (Paris 1978). ...

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