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workers of the world, unite

The usual rendering of the closing words of Marx and Engels's The Communist Manifesto (1848), ‘the proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains. They have a world to win. working men ...

workers of the world, unite

workers of the world, unite   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

... of the world, unite the usual rendering of the closing words of Marx and Engels's The Communist Manifesto ( 1848 ), ‘the proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains. They have a world to win. working men of all countries, unite!...

workers of the world, unite

workers of the world, unite  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The usual rendering of the closing words of Marx and Engels's The Communist Manifesto (1848), ‘the proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains. They have a world to win. working men of all ...
The Indonesian Revolution

The Indonesian Revolution   Reference library

Muhammad Natsir

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,838 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...the opinion that the employers’ group and the workers’ group do not constitute two classes each representing particular exclusive interests that conflict with each other and cannot be brought together. Islam considers both employer and worker as factors of industry each having his function, responsibility and share, each of the same importance in the process of producing the commodities which society needs. . . . The Islamic way of settling problems on the basis of mutual affection and mutual understanding and respect for the interests of the...

Social Justice in Islam

Social Justice in Islam   Reference library

Sayyid Qutb

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
2,905 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...from that of its historical course; such reasons as there are attach only to European Christianity. And yet the world has grown away from religion; to it the world has left only the education of the conscience and the perfecting of piety, while to the temporal and secular laws has been committed the ordering of society and the organizing of human life. Similarly we have no good grounds for any hostility between Islam and the thought of social justice, such as the hostility that persists between Christianity and Communism. For Islam prescribes the basic...

Revolution

Revolution   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,734 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...the common people come to play in the dynamics of the revolutionary process. Indeed, as the meaning of revolution changes, so do revolutionaries' sense of their natural allies and enemies: in 1789 the unitarian divine Richard *Price called on friends and defenders of freedom; fifty years later Karl Marx issued his clarion call for workers of the world to unite. And, as the lexicon and the meanings change, so too do the parameters of political intentionality and possibility—revolutions cease to be understood as fortuitous upheavals, or as the outcome of...

On Martyrdom (Shahadat)

On Martyrdom (Shahadat)   Reference library

‘Alī Sharī‘atī

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
2,396 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...the life of a nation.” In order to understand the meaning of shahadat , the ideological school from which it takes its expression and its value should be clarified. The concept of shahadat should be studied within the context of the school of thought and action which it is based upon, and in the school of thought of which Husayn is the manifestation par excellence. In the flow and struggle of human history, Husayn is the standard bearer of this struggle and his Karbala, a battlefield among battlefields, is the only link uniting the various fronts, the...

24 The History of the Book in Germany

24 The History of the Book in Germany   Reference library

John L. Flood

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,164 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

...and the conservative Wiener Zeitschrift —more actively espoused politics of various hues. By contrast, with Die Horen Friedrich Schiller strove ‘to unite the politically fragmented world under the flag of truth and beauty’. It called forth a wave of new literary journals, which, though generally short-lived, testified to the vitality of the Romantic Age. The most important of these was Athenaeum ( 1798–1800 ), edited by Friedrich and A. W. Schlegel . Almanacs, catering for almost every profession, interest, or taste, were a special feature of 18 th...

Mark

Mark   Reference library

C. M. Tuckett and C. M. Tuckett

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
44,701 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...‘self’. The original Aramaic would certainly have had no word corresponding to the Greek verb for ‘is’. It is then unlikely that any clear ontological identification between the bread and Jesus' physical body is intended. More likely, what is in mind is that the act of sharing the common bread serves to unite the disciples with Jesus and his cause so that the eating of the bread is some kind of prophetic sign, simultaneously enacting what it signifies, which enables the disciples to be one with Jesus and his cause. For Mark, no doubt, the eating of the bread...

Isaiah

Isaiah   Reference library

R. Coggins and R. Coggins

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
64,792 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of the common stock of ancient Near-Eastern texts. It is sometimes supposed that concern for the oppressed, the orphan, and the widow was peculiar to Israel, but exhortations of this kind were widespread. Thus in the Aqhat epic from Ugarit, the achievement of Dan'el as ruler was that ‘he judged the cause of the widow and tried the case of the orphan’ ( Gibson 1978 : 107 ). This Canaanite evidence should remind us that it was not Israel alone in the ancient world that had an awareness of justice. ( 1:18–20 ) We return now to the language of the lawsuit. The...

Visions of Kingdoms: From Pompey to the First Jewish Revolt

Visions of Kingdoms: From Pompey to the First Jewish Revolt   Reference library

Amy-Jill Levine

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
19,480 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...raison d'être, had neither the numbers nor the influence to unite the community. The Essenes living in the towns had no political structure on which to rely, and apparently no inclination to enter politics; whether they even survived as a coherent group after 70 is doubtful. The Pharisees, now leaders in the political as well as in the religious sphere, also underwent changes. Together with the scribes, who prior to 70 represented a separate class of Torah scholars (the Gospels mention Sadducaic and Pharisaic scribes, as well as scribes as a...

Psalms

Psalms   Reference library

C. S. Rodd and C. S. Rodd

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
62,266 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
3

...deceitful neighbours? The suggestion that theworkers of evil’ ( v. 3 ) are sorcerers has been generally abandoned, but given the nature of small-scale societies the possibility that the psalmist fears that his illness is caused by sorcery should not be completely ruled out. Psalm 29 This is a majestic hymn of praise to YHWH, the God of the thunderstorm. After an initial call to the ‘sons of gods’, the lesser gods who are members of YHWH's court ( vv. 1–2, cf. Ps 82, Job 1:6; 2:1 ), the main body of the psalm echoes with the voice of YHWH, repeated seven...

The Four Gospels in Synopsis

The Four Gospels in Synopsis   Reference library

Henry Wansbrough

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
30,113 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...( Jn 1:43 ). The association of the first pair with the Baptist and his activity ‘in Bethany across the Jordan’ ( Jn 1:18 ) suggests a fair distance from the Markan location at the north end of the lake. This suggests that the rapid succession of days (‘the next day’ in Jn 1:29, 35, 43 ) may be an artificial schema, uniting disparate material to form a first week of Jesus' ministry (see jn 1:29–31 ). (c) The theological emphasis is different. Instead of the magisterial call by Jesus the keynote of the first meeting is on the initiative of the disciples...

Extra-canonical early Christian literature

Extra-canonical early Christian literature   Reference library

J. K. Elliott and J. K. Elliott

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
30,133 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...and the signs of the times. Such speculation has never ceased. The writer of the Apocalypse of Thomas , dating perhaps from the fifth century, gave a countdown, and describes the events of the final six days before the end of the world. One part of this text is given here: it concerns the events on the fourth day before the End. And on the fourth day, at the first hour, from the land of the east the abyss shall melt and roar. Then shall all the earth be shaken by the might of an earthquake. In that day shall the ornaments of the heathen fall, and all the...

Luke

Luke   Reference library

Eric Franklin and Eric Franklin

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
46,452 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...that enables the narrative to move to a climax. The declaration of Jesus' sonship does not, however, rest upon that but depends rather upon his total possession of the Spirit which unites him to God. The virginal conception witnesses to his possession of the Spirit rather than being the cause of it. Though Luke's narrative expresses a firm belief in the virginal conception, it is unlikely to present the basis in history for that belief. To focus a young betrothed girl's consternation on child-bearing rather than upon the wondrous nature of the child she is...

Forging an Identity: The Emergence of Ancient Israel

Forging an Identity: The Emergence of Ancient Israel   Reference library

Lawrence E. Stager

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
19,872 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
4

...From the changing settlement patterns in the Levant and elsewhere in the eastern Mediterranean, it seems that the pattern of deep, structural change had more to do with the process of ruralization than revolution. In the Late Bronze Age there must have been acute shortages of labor in the city-states, where attracting and retaining agricultural workers was a constant problem. Evsey Domar ( Capitalism, Socialism, and Serfdom , New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989) has isolated a set of interrelated variables that may help explain the proliferation of...

Matthew

Matthew   Reference library

Dale C. Allison, Jr. and Dale C. Allison, Jr.

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
49,867 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...which was, in the Jamnian Judaism of Matthew's day, becoming an official title ( 23:7–8 ). Along with the differentiation went outright, polemical criticism, especially of the Pharisees. The cohesion of the believers in Jesus was no doubt strengthened by such criticism: a common enemy unites the divided and insecure. 4. The establishment of group identity also involved legitimizing belief in Jesus over against Jewish criticism. Explicit about the existence of such criticism is ( 28:15 ), which no doubt helps account for the formula quotations, the parallels...

1 Chronicles

1 Chronicles   Reference library

H. P. Mathys, H. P. Mathys, and H. P. Mathys

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
48,015 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...in 9:25–8 , at the end of Solomon's rule. This repetition underlines the importance the Chronicler attached to wealth (and thus power) as signs of God's blessing. ( 1:1–13 ) Solomon's Sacrifice and Prayer at Gibeon vv. 3–5 , the Chronicler attempts to unite all legitimate cultic sites and the most important cultic objects. Solomon begins his reign by concerning himself with the cult once he has secured his accession—just as David did. The priestly theology of the Pentateuch concentrates on the tabernacle bearing the ark at its centre, whilst the historical...

1 & 2 Kings

1 & 2 Kings   Reference library

Walter Dietrich, Walter Dietrich, and Walter Dietrich

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
40,434 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...The editors admit that they have not told everything they know about Solomon. The rest can be read in the Book of the Acts of Solomon. Some over-sceptical critics believe this reference to be fictive. Unfortunately, only the excerpts quoted in 1 Kings 3–10 exist today. In its basic tone it was probably highly celebratory. Solomon's reign is reported to have lasted for the round sum of forty years. Death unites him with his ‘ancestors’, explicitly, of course, with David. As with all family graves, the deceased's body was probably laid upon a stone bench in the...

National Association of Social Workers

National Association of Social Workers  

The National Association of Social Workers (NASW) is the largest membership association of professional social workers in the world with nearly 150,000 members. Formed in 1955 by uniting seven ...
industrial union

industrial union  

A trade union that recruits workers within a single industry or sector with the aim of uniting all occupational groups in one industry organization. In the UK, industry unions have included the ...

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