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worker capitalism

Is a term that was coined in the 1980s to describe employee share ownership and other forms of financial participation. It has the connotation that these arrangements issue in a new form ...

worker capitalism

worker capitalism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Resource Management (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
51 words

...worker capitalism is a term that was coined in the 1980s to describe employee share ownership and other forms of financial participation . It has the connotation that these arrangements issue in a new form of employment relations founded on cooperation and can effectively end the long conflict between capital and labour....

worker capitalism

worker capitalism  

Is a term that was coined in the 1980s to describe employee share ownership and other forms of financial participation. It has the connotation that these arrangements issue in a new form of ...
Land

Land   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,951 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Agrarian capitalism, which had developed through a centuries-long process of agricultural alteration, reached both maturity and crisis in the early decades of the nineteenth century. It provided the material foundation for a massive increase in *population as well as a consolidated national market from which to launch into colonial and international spheres, and within which to establish the wage as the fundamental mode of payment for labour. Between the fifteenth and nineteenth centuries, the creation of a class of agricultural workers who had only...

Democracy

Democracy   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,165 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...abolished and workers given the just reward for their labour. These critics of capitalism did not claim, however, that capital and labour must always be class enemies or that industrial society could be transformed only by class conflict and violent revolution. In their view, class harmony was a realizable goal. There were four periods of political and economic crisis in which popular radicalism flourished: in 1765–85 during the American Revolution, in 1789–98 during the French Revolution, in 1815–21 during the years of severe postwar distress, and in ...

Family and Society

Family and Society   Quick reference

Ralph Houlbrooke

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,144 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

..., 1982 , 1992 ), and Ivy Pinchbeck , Women Workers and the Industrial Revolution 1750–1850 ( 1930 ). The most important contributions of the last twenty years include Bridget Hill, Women, Work and Sexual Politics in Eighteenth‐Century England ( 1989 ), Pamela Sharpe , Adapting to Capitalism: Working Women in the English Economy, 1700–1850 ( 1996 ), Carol E. Morgan , Women Workers and Gender Identities, 1835–1913: The Cotton and Metal Industries in England ( 2002 ), Nicola Verdon , Rural Women Workers in Nineteenth‐Century England: Gender, Work and...

Domesticity

Domesticity   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,930 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...opposed to the middle-class identification with liquid assets, one of the interesting things about the period is the way in which the middle classes authorize and legitimate capitalism and the mobility of cash and property. If the aristocratic ethos of land sees money as unstable and corrupting (despite the fact that in practice the aristocracy deployed *agrarian forms of capitalism from the seventeenth century), then part of the ideological work of the middle classes involved making money clean, virtuous, and only relatively—and not excessively—mobile....

Popular Culture

Popular Culture   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,520 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...and more desirable. E. P. Thompson has famously argued for the growing influence of the clock, internalized within the time-consciousness of worker and employer alike. Contestation over this area of culture intensified as the pace of life increased with technological change and the imperatives of trade: Robert *Owen , for example, encountered persistent resistance to the use of a factory time-clock from workers at his New Lanark factory. The rise of a unified public sense of time also testified to the drive of middle-class reformers to make plebeian...

Scottish Local and Family History

Scottish Local and Family History   Quick reference

David moody

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,622 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...(which science, of course, pioneered and led in Scotland, is fundamentally comparative in character); and James Hutton ( 1726–97 ) in geology. The rapid evolution of 18th‐century Scotland, in which elements of pre‐feudal clanship coexisted with both mercantilism and a nascent capitalism, helps to explain why Scots were so keen to compare past and present. Generally, the century had a passion for tabulating. Visitors from England, including Francis Grose ( 1731–91 ), recorded whatever old buildings of historical interest they could find, revelling in their...

20c The History of the Book in Britain from 1914

20c The History of the Book in Britain from 1914   Reference library

Claire Squires

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
4,043 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...by some in the 19 th century about the subversive dangers of a newly literate audience developed in the 20 th century into fears about the deterioration of literary quality in a democratized marketplace. The ambivalence of the book trade, caught between the demands of capitalism and those of culture, would continue to cause consternation throughout the 20 th century. Geoffrey *Faber , publisher of high-modernist authors including Eliot and Pound at his eponymous company, articulated his disdain for a market-focused breed of publishers whom he...

Class

Class   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,846 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of * Byron 's eloquent speech in the House of Lords in their defence [ see *Luddism ]. The way was now open for the development of the characteristic features of commercial and early industrial capitalism: low wages, long working hours, a large pool of casual (intermittent) or unemployed labour, and expanding export markets [ see *industrialization, 14 ]. Workers often experienced new labour disciplines together with low wages not as progression but as oppression, both in the new mechanized factory sector and in the old artisan trades, where intensification...

40 The History of the Book in China

40 The History of the Book in China   Reference library

J. S. Edgren

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
9,024 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
3

...Dec. 2007 J. McDermott , A Social History of the Chinese Book (2006) [ Nihon Shoshi Gakkai (Japan Bibliographical Society) ,] Naikaku Bunko sôhon shoei (Illustrations of Song Editions in the Naikaku Bunko Library) (1984) C. Reed , Gutenberg in Shanghai: Chinese Print Capitalism, 1876–1937 (2004) T. H. Tsien , Paper and Printing (1985) — Written on Bamboo and Silk , 2e (2004) K. T. Wu , ‘ Ming Printing and Printers ’, Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies , 7 (1943), 203–60 — ‘ Chinese Printing Under Four Alien Dynasties ’, Harvard Journal of...

advanced capitalism

advanced capitalism  

A key feature of advanced capitalism is the possession of capital by fewer and fewer owners. M. Castells (2002) stresses the fundamental importance of collective consumption in advanced capitalism. ...
worker control

worker control  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
An economic system that is characterized by (1) each individual business enterprise being managed democratically by its workers, and (2) the economy as a whole relying upon the market—that is ...
welfare capitalism

welfare capitalism  

Is a description of the policies of large non-union companies in the United States that have developed internal welfare systems to foster worker loyalty and commitment. Examples of companies that ...
coordinated market economy

coordinated market economy  

(CME)is one of the varieties of capitalism identified by Peter A. Hall and David Soskice and exemplified by the economies of Germany and Japan. Coordinated market economies rely on formal ...
Georges Friedmann

Georges Friedmann  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1902–77)A French sociologist, originator, and the driving-force behind the Sociologie du Travail in early post-war France; also a trenchant critic of the scientific management movement. Sociologie ...
Occupations

Occupations  

A: Trevor Griffiths Pf: 1970, Manchester Pb: 1972 G: Pol. drama in 7 scenes S: Hotel room and factory, Turin, 1920 C: 6m, 2fIn the early days of Communism, Kabak is sent from Moscow in response to ...
assembly line

assembly line  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A device moving a good being produced, for example a car, past a sequence of workers or machines. As it passes each work-station, a particular task is performed. Tasks may include adding components, ...
new working class

new working class  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A term associated with the thesis that process workers in automated industries, and white-collar workers in large industrial corporations, possess the potential to assume the historic revolutionary ...
Leninism

Leninism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The doctrines of V. I. Lenin (1870–1924), especially his core contributions—on the party, the state, imperialism, and revolution—to Marxist theory.In What Is To Be Done? (1902) Lenin addressed the ...

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