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women's Suffrage

The right of women to take part in political life and to vote in an election. Women's suffrage was advocated by Mary Wollstonecraft in A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), and ...

Women's Suffrage

Women's Suffrage   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
7,049 words
Illustration(s):
5

...and twentieth-century suffrage movements were educated, middle-class women. They insisted that working-class women needed the vote to remedy their often miserable working and living conditions. Although there were attempts to attract working-class women to the movement and some success in doing so, many working-class women did not have the leisure or economic means to participate. Generally, socialist women regarded the women's suffrage movement as a bourgeois movement focusing on “ladies' suffrage”; socialist women emphasized that women should concentrate on...

Women's Suffrage

Women's Suffrage   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
3,194 words
Illustration(s):
1

...but they would not support suffrage for women. In response, southern Democrats would support women's suffrage but only to the extent it could be used to defeat black male suffrage. Originally abolitionists and women's right advocates had opposed separating the issues of black suffrage and women's suffrage, but now they faced a difficult dilemma. Should they support black male suffrage, as Frederick Douglass argued, because it represented an attainable half of their demands, or should they press for universal suffrage, as Sojourner Truth countered,...

Women's suffrage

Women's suffrage   Reference library

Janet Hughes

The Oxford Companion to New Zealand Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature
Length:
825 words

.... Around the official Suffrage Year in 1993 , building on the upsurge of interest in women's issues from the time of the United Women's Conventions of the mid-1970s, there was a flurry of women's histories with wide or popular appeal. Notable are The Book of New Zealand Women , a collection of biographical essays edited by Charlotte Macdonald , Merimeri Penfold and Bridget Williams ( 1991 ), Standing in the Sunshine: A History of New Zealand Women Since They Won the Vote by Sandra Coney , and Women Together: A History of Women's Organisations in New...

Suffrage, Women's

Suffrage, Women's   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619–1895: From the Colonial Period to the Age of Frederick Douglass

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
573 words
Illustration(s):
1

...to garner the vote for women, yet many of these leaders were willing to put women's suffrage on the political back burner in order to work for the immediate abolition of slavery. Owing to the ending of the Civil War and pressure from civil rights activists, the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments were passed, respectively banning slavery, making African Americans citizens, and granting universal suffrage to all American men. The Fifteenth Amendment, which did not enfranchise women, created rifts between the women's suffrage and abolitionist...

women’s suffrage

women’s suffrage   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
281 words

...’s suffrage The right of women to take part in political life and to vote in an election. Women’s suffrage was advocated by Mary Wollstonecraft in A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), and throughout the 19th century, in Britain and the USA, calls were made for voting rights for women. These were first attained at a national level in New Zealand (1893). The state of Wyoming, USA, introduced women’s suffrage in 1869 and by 1920 all women over 21 were given the vote in the USA. The first European nation to grant female suffrage was Finland in...

women's suffrage movement

women's suffrage movement   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Canadian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,588 words

... it endorsed female suffrage. The first group to dedicate itself exclusively to the suffrage cause was the Canadian Women's Suffrage Association (CWSA) in 1883 , founded as the Toronto Women's Literary Club in 1876 by Dr Emily Howard Stowe . In 1881 Sarah Curzon of the literary club became associate editor of Canadian Citizen , a weekly temperance newspaper endorsing the vote. The 1870s and 1880s seemed full of promise. A suffrage bill was introduced in the British Columbia legislature in 1872 ; that province's propertied women received the municipal...

women’s suffrage movement

women’s suffrage movement   Reference library

Oxford Reader’s Companion To Conrad

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
843 words

...’s suffrage movement . Conrad’s literary career ( 1895–1924 ) coincided with the emergence of the women’s movement and the campaign for women’s suffrage, which led to the formation of the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies ( 1897 ), the Women’s Social and Political Union organized by Emmeline Pankhurst ( 1905 ), and the militant feminist agitation between 1905 and 1914 . In his stimulating study of Conrad’s involvement with Edwardian social and cultural contexts, Spittles argues that Conrad’s fiction exhibits, albeit in untopical form, an...

Women’s Suffrage Movements

Women’s Suffrage Movements   Reference library

Denise R. JOHNSON

Berkshire Encyclopedia of World History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History
Length:
1,911 words

...and women’s emergence into the public sphere as wage earners. Although American and British women have been considered leaders in worldwide women’s suffrage, women’s political participation in the United States is rather lackluster, with just 55 percent voting in primary elections in 1992 and women holding just 17 percent of U.S. legislative seats. Among European nations Germany has a good track record, having granted women the vote in 1919 and with just over 73 percent of women voting by 1990 and 28 percent of legislative seats held by women. An illustration...

Women's suffrage

Women's suffrage   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Irish Phrase & Fable

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...'s suffrage . The campaign for the vote for women began in Ireland with the establishment of the Dublin Women's Suffrage Society in 1875 , which developed into the Irishwomen's Suffrage and Local Government Association. Under the reforming Local Government Act of 1898 women were granted the vote in local elections. In 1911 Louie Bennett and Helen Chenevix established the umbrella organization, the Irish Women's Suffrage Federation. At the end of the First World War, the Representation of the People Act of 1918 gave the vote to women over 30. ...

women's suffrage

women's suffrage noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
21 words
women's suffrage

women's suffrage noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
25 words
women's suffrage

women's suffrage noun   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
25 words
women's suffrage

women's suffrage noun   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
82 words
women's Suffrage

women's Suffrage  

The right of women to take part in political life and to vote in an election. Women's suffrage was advocated by Mary Wollstonecraft in A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), and throughout the ...
Sensibility

Sensibility   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
7,039 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...as some women and other reformers wished. John Wilkes 's rakish masculinity was central to his appeal to *Wilkite followers, even though he also represented himself as a patriot citizen. As men elaborated their political and economic sphere, *women [4] were often excluded from it. Nothing would be more significant for political feminism than that democratic politics—manhood suffrage—was generated in tavern associations [ see *democracy, 3 ]. What did these changes in masculine culture and changing constructions of masculinity mean to women? Roy...

Domesticity

Domesticity   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,930 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...suffrage, but also, through this, as the first explicit exclusion of women from participating in the political process, so that empowerment of the middle class was to some extent dependent upon subordination of women. Arguments against female suffrage assumed that the woman's interests would be represented by her husband, who had the interests of his family at heart. But perhaps the most powerful indicator of the way in which the identification of women with the family in this period was inextricably linked with the loss of individual rights for women was...

Labour History

Labour History   Quick reference

John L. Halstead

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,401 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... Stuart Macintyre , Little Moscows: Communism and Working‐Class Militancy in Inter‐War Britain (1980). But the ‘woman question’ came to the fore; on which notable studies have appeared, such as Jill Liddington and Jill Norris's One Hand Tied Behind Us: The Rise of the Women's Suffrage Movement (new edn, 2000 ), and Carolyn Steedman's biography Childhood, Culture and Class in Britain: Margaret McMillan, 1860–1931 ( 1990 ). The large literature now available on working‐class life in the period provides a good basis for assessing social factors in the...

Class

Class   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,846 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...in need of mothering from women of another social class. The response of the Somerset village women is revealing. Despite initial reluctance, they started to send their children to Sunday schools, possibly responding to a religion of spiritual equality which valued them for the first time. They were prepared to reform their behaviour and postpone sex until after marriage. But relations between rich and poor women were still riddled with tension. Rich women wanted to give club benefits for marriage, childbirth, and sickness. Poor women wanted funeral payments....

Democracy

Democracy   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,165 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...urban centres [ see *Wyvillites ]. The more radical reformers were prepared to go much further and empower all men with positive political rights. As early as 1780 the Westminster Association was advancing the six main points of parliamentary reform: universal manhood suffrage, equal constituencies, annual general elections, the secret ballot, the abolition of property qualifications for parliamentary candidates, and the payment of MPs. Initially this programme had very little support, but it was widely adopted by the radicals of the early 1790s and...

International Woman Suffrage Alliance

International Woman Suffrage Alliance  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The charismatic American suffrage leader Carrie Chapman Catt (1859–1947) was the principal founder of the International Woman Suffrage Alliance (IWSA). As president of the National American Woman ...

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