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waste product

Any product of metabolism that is not required for further metabolic processes and is therefore excreted from the body. Common products include nitrogenous wastes (such as urea and ...

waste product

waste product   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Biology (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
40 words

...waste product Any product of metabolism that is not required for further metabolic processes and is therefore excreted from the body. Common products include nitrogenous wastes (such as urea , uric acid, and ammonia), carbon dioxide, and bile...

waste product

waste product noun   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
19 words
waste product

waste product  

Any product of metabolism that is not required for further metabolic processes and is therefore excreted from the body. Common products include nitrogenous wastes (such as urea and ammonia), carbon ...
waste products

waste products   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

... products Products of metabolism that are eliminated from the body. Some waste products, such as lactic acid , may be harmful if they accumulate in the body. See also excretion...

radioactive products and waste

radioactive products and waste   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
272 words

...products and waste Radioactive products or waste are defined in the Paris Convention on Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy of 29 July 1960 ( 956 U.N.T.S. 231 ), art. 1(a)(iv). Similar definitions of the term appear in the Vienna Convention on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Convention 21 May 1963 ( 1063 U.N.T.S. 265 ) and in the Brussels Convention relating to Civil Liability in the Field of Maritime Carriage of Nuclear Material 17 December 1971 ( 974 U.N.T.S. 255 ): see nuclear cargoes ; nuclear damage . For the purposes...

14 Printed Ephemera

14 Printed Ephemera   Reference library

Michael Harris

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
7,085 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...an active policy of disposal, serial collection was almost unavoidable. When, in the 1850s , Peele’s coffee house and hotel in Fleet Street attempted to sell its runs of major titles dating back to the 1770s , the collection weighed about six tons. It was eventually sold as waste. In political departments, lawyers’ offices, and businesses and institutions of all sorts, the steady increase in semi-automatic collection continued to take place. However, for the newspaper and related serials to become more closely identified with the printed archive, a great...

War

War   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,919 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...point to the Scottish regiments in the army, whose identity by the end of the war was protected. The cult of the Highland soldier was one product of this heightened sense of national identity; regimental history as a genre originated in Scotland with Colonel David Stewart 's (1772–1829) Sketches of … the Highlanders (1822), a work initially conceived as a history of the 42nd regiment, the famous Black Watch. Another product of Scottish militarism was the planned National Monument on Edinburgh's Calton Hill, which, though never completed, was to be built by...

Agricultural History

Agricultural History   Quick reference

David Hey

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
4,344 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...land of the wastes and commons into arable production. The resulting changes in both types of landscape were profound. If the broad picture of enclosure is now clear, debate still rages over its social consequences. Passions run high when post‐enclosure living standards, the Poor Law, and rural riots are discussed. Neither the proponents nor the opponents of enclosure doubted that enclosure turned commoners into labourers . Many people felt that they had suffered by the substitution of small allotments for their rights on the commons and wastes. Nationally,...

10 Paper

10 Paper   Reference library

Daven Christopher Chamberlain

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
6,045 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

...can be made from all manner of vegetable fibres, in a process that has remained largely the same for two millennia. Early Asiatic papermakers used various specially harvested and prepared plants as their fibre sources. By contrast, the first European papermakers used textile waste, cordage (rope), and other pre-processed material. It was only in the 18 th century that occidental papermakers and scientists investigated raw plants for their papermaking potential; full commercialization of suitable materials did not start until at least the 19 th century....

Democracy

Democracy   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,165 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...the repeal of the game laws, and changes to the laws which put so many small debtors in prison. Paine believed that the rich should be taxed to fund a range of social welfare reforms, and that a democratic political system would save huge amounts of money by reducing corruption, waste, and the size of the civil administration and the military establishment. His critique became a part of radical polemic in the succeeding decades. William *Cobbett , for instance, regularly denounced the government's vast patronage system which corrupted politicians, city...

Ecclesiastes

Ecclesiastes   Reference library

Stuart Weeks and Stuart Weeks

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
7,053 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Finally, 11:3–6 sums up his point: the phenomena in 11:3 are not only absurdly obvious, but inevitable and uncontrollable; instead of wasting time watching for such things, which are beyond one's comprehension, it is better to get on with one's work, and to cover ones bases. Inherent in this is a more general criticism of any endeavour to comprehend the world through wisdom: it is not only foredoomed, but a waste of valuable time. ( 9:18 ) contrasts wisdom with the ḥôtē᾽ , ‘bungler’ in NRSV, but more literally ‘sinner’. Given the usage of this term...

17 Bookbinding

17 Bookbinding   Reference library

David Pearson

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
5,353 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
9

...oak or beech), cut in thin slices with the grain running parallel to the spine. During the 16 th century, wood was gradually replaced by pasteboard and other paper-based boards, being both lighter and cheaper, as books became smaller and more numerous. Millboard (made from waste hemp materials) was introduced in the 17 th century and strawboard (based on pulped straw) in the 18 th . Modern bookbindings typically use some kind of machine-made paper-based *cardboard . Medieval bindings commonly had metal clasps across their edges to prevent the *vellum ...

Labour History

Labour History   Quick reference

John L. Halstead

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,401 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...new local studies are appearing in some quantity. A widely admired example is Michael Savage , The Dynamics of Working‐Class Politics: The Labour Movement in Preston, 1880–1940 ( 1987 ). No place has been found here for discussion of the 18th century, but see commons and wastes ; enclosure ; food riots . E. P. Thompson's essays collected in Thompson , Customs in Common ( 1991 ) provide the most eloquent introduction, as startling in their impact as was The Making of the English Working Class . The literature is immense. The best entry is through...

Job

Job   Reference library

James L. Crenshaw and James L. Crenshaw

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
28,334 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...in Sheol until his anger waned, a God who really longed for the work of his hands and who would not monitor his actions in search of transgressions. ( 14:18–22 ) The inevitability of death is foreshadowed by the effect of water on seemingly impenetrable rock. The mighty mountains waste away, and so do mortals. Job ascribes this destructive activity to God: ‘so [in like manner] you destroy the hope of mortals’ ( v. 19 ). In Sheol the dead do not know the events transpiring on earth; here Job reverses the customary talk about remembering the dead. The isolation of...

The Old Testament

The Old Testament   Reference library

John Rogerson

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
9,443 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
15

...Tridacna shell from Arad, southern Judah, 7th century bce . Compare the description of the vision of God in Ezekiel ch. 1 . © The Israel Museum, Jerusalem, Collection Israel Antiquities Authority. Israel's Origins ‘Israel is laid waste, its seed is no more.’ These words from the 27th line of an inscription from the reign of the Egyptian pharaoh Merneptah (variously dated 1224–1214 or 1212–1202) is the earliest known reference to Israel. It indicates through its determinative (a sign that precedes a name and...

Proverbs

Proverbs   Reference library

K. T. Aitken and K. T Aitken

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
20,819 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...love with his wife and derive sexual satisfaction from her. Drawing on imagery of water and its sources ( cf. Song 4:15 ), v. 15 expresses the pleasure which a man should obtain through sexual intercourse with his wife. In v. 16 the ‘springs’ and ‘streams’ could allude to the waste that results from extramarital affairs or to the encouragement of the wife to infidelity through neglect. The image of the wife as a ‘graceful doe’ is symbolic of her beauty ( v. 18; cf. Song 2:7 ), with which the husband should be intoxicated. Reinforcing the appeals for a...

Forging an Identity: The Emergence of Ancient Israel

Forging an Identity: The Emergence of Ancient Israel   Reference library

Lawrence E. Stager

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
19,872 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
4

... The Canaan has been plundered into every sort of woe; Ashkelon has been overcome; Gezer has been captured; Yanoam is made nonexistent; Israel is laid waste and his seed is not; Hurru is become a widow because of Egypt. The leading adversaries of the Egyptians—three city-states, or kingdoms, designated by their capitals (Ashkelon, Gezer, and Yanoam), and...

Numbers

Numbers   Reference library

Terence E. Fretheim and Terence E. Fretheim

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
29,420 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...and himself. The Hebrew ‘do not lay sin upon us’ (NRSV fn.) should not be translated ‘punish’; rather, the effect is intrinsic to the deed. The whiteness of Miriam's skin (a reversal of the dark skin of Moses' wife?) occasions the stillborn analogy, in effect: do not let her waste away to death. Aaron may not suffer the same effects because of his confession and plea or perhaps because he is high priest ( see Lev 22:4 ), revealing a clerical (and male) bias. Moses prays to God on Miriam's behalf, but God responds that she is to be barred from the camp for...

Judges

Judges   Reference library

Susan Niditch and Susan Niditch

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
18,739 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...( see Isa 7:20; Deut 28:57 ; Ezek 16:25 AV)? The same ambivalences in meaning apply to the terms translated ‘lay’ and ‘dead’ in NRSV ( cf. 1 Kings 1:21; 2 Kings 14:22; Ezek 32:29; and Gen 19:32, 34, 35; 35:22 ). The last term of v. 27 variously translated ‘dead’, ‘laid waste’, ‘destroyed’, might also be translated ‘despoiled’, cf. Isa 15:1; 23:1; and Jer 4:30 ( see Niditch 1989 : 47–51 ). The repetitive cadences of the verse, moreover, have the quality of a ritual dance of death. The enemy is at the same time seduced and slaughtered, the one...

Matthew

Matthew   Reference library

Dale C. Allison, Jr. and Dale C. Allison, Jr.

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
49,867 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...as they leave it. Such action is a public demonstration of the breaking of communion and the repudiation of responsibility ( cf. 27:24 ); and it intimates a fate worse than that which came to Sodom and Gomorrah, two cities remembered as so wicked that God made them a burned-out waste ( Gen 18:16–19:29 ). Obviously it is unprecedented honour to hear the disciples' proclamation and unprecedented failure to reject it. The prophecies of affliction in 10:16–23 go beyond the pre-Easter period to include later missionaries. So we pass from past to present without...

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