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visual culture

Visual forms and practices within a society, including those of everyday life, popular culture, and high culture, together with the processes of production and consumption or reception ...

visual culture

visual culture   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
85 words

... culture Visual forms and practices within a society, including those of everyday life , popular culture , and high culture , together with the processes of production and consumption or reception associated with them. This includes all visual media (visual art, photography, film , television , posters, etc.). See also aestheticization ; codes of looking ; flâneur ; gaze ; ocularcentrism ; picture perception ; spectacularization ; surveillance ; visual anthropology ; visual consumption ; visual imperative ; visualism ; visuality...

visual culture

visual culture   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to American Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Literature
Length:
227 words

... culture , visible expressions, information, and images produced by a person, group, or culture, for the sake of public consumption. Visual culture can be referred to as a subject within the larger field of cultural studies and is an interdisciplinary topic that incorporates the humanities, sciences, and social sciences. Its study involves examining the conceptualization, production, and consumption of images as they pertain to power dynamics within a given culture. Such concerns inform discussions of political power and socioeconomics, as visual culture...

visual culture

visual culture   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Cultural Anthropology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Anthropology
Length:
79 words

...visual culture The social practices, contexts, and symbolic content of visual representation and aesthetics . It is a relatively new concept with importance to the interdisciplinary field of cultural studies . Anthropologists have typically brought an ethnographic perspective to the study of visual culture, emphasizing that making visual images involves acts of creation and representation that both channel and shape social relationships and cultural meanings, and that consuming them involves acts of interpretation based on recognizing and decoding...

Visual Culture

Visual Culture   Reference library

Whitney Davis

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
3,521 words

...to speak informatively of their visual-cultural aspects. By the same token, it is evident that “visual culture” must have parallels in “tactile,” “acoustic,” and other cultures; these cultures have their own histories, perhaps substantially different in important respects from histories of “the visual,” which must be uniquely constrained by the psychophysical laws of geometrical optics. But it is probably fair to say that at the moment VCS gives the most highly developed and wide-ranging accounts of any such culture, and that it has penetrated furthest...

Arts: Visual Culture

Arts: Visual Culture   Reference library

Elke Anna Werner

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Martin Luther

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Religion
Length:
12,416 words
Illustration(s):
2

...between art and politics, involving innovative methods, as well as some degree of imagination, have not only traced the development of a specific visual culture in Lutheranism but also highlighted their identity-creating function in denominational conflicts. What follows is an overview of the major image and media categories as portraits, allegories, altarpieces and epitaphs which influenced the visual culture of the Reformation. Lucas Cranach the Elder ( c . 1472–1553) and his youngest son Lucas Cranach the Younger (1515–1586) were at the very center of...

Filipino American Visual Culture

Filipino American Visual Culture   Reference library

Sarita Echavez See

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Asian American Literature and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...visual culture. It may not be so much a question of whether and how representation needs to happen within the Filipino American community or by Filipino American artists, but that representation itself is an inadequate concept for appreciating the richness of Filipino American visual culture. While enclave-based scholarship and the genre of the mural are extremely important, one can see that a singular or exclusive focus on these modes of knowledge and culture production can obfuscate other ways of thinking about and practicing visual culture, which by...

South Asian American Visual Culture and Representation

South Asian American Visual Culture and Representation   Reference library

Bakirathi Mani

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Asian American Literature and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...American Visual Culture and Representation South Asian American Visual Culture in the 21st Century South Asian American visual culture encompasses a wide field of visual art: fine art photography and painting, installation and sculpture, digital media, and on- and offline exhibitions. Produced by first-, second-, and third-generation immigrant artists from Bangladesh, Pakistan, and India, as well as from South Asian diasporic communities around the globe (including Britain and Kenya, among other countries), South Asian American visual culture has...

US Central Americans in Art and Visual Culture

US Central Americans in Art and Visual Culture   Reference library

Kency Cornejo

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latina and Latino Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Literature, Literary texts, Literary theory and cultural studies
Length:
11,263 words
Illustration(s):
7

...Central Americans in Art and Visual Culture Art by US Central Americans has recently gained attention, but images of Central Americans in US visual culture have long circulated nationally and globally. 1 For decades, television, film, and other media shaped the dominant idea of Central Americans for US audiences. Whether as victims of war, leftist guerrilleros in combat, desperate border-crossing migrants, tattooed gang members, or women and children in detention centers, images connotatively and denotatively produce a visual discourse that can influence...

José Guadalupe Posada and Visual Culture in Porfirian Mexico

José Guadalupe Posada and Visual Culture in Porfirian Mexico   Reference library

Robert M. Buffington and Jesus Osciel Salazar

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mexican History and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
8,558 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Guadalupe Posada and Visual Culture in Porfirian Mexico José Guadalupe Posada (b. Aguascalientes, February 2, 1852; d. Mexico City, January 20, 1913) was a prolific printmaker of exceptional technique, range, and originality. By the time of his death, his images had become a staple of Mexico City popular culture, appearing regularly in theatrical posters, advertisements, book illustrations, broadsides, and the penny press. Despite his popularity with impresarios, advertisers, publishers, editors, and readers, Posada received scant formal recognition during...

The History and Visual Culture of Mexico City’s Xochimilco Potable Water System during the Porfiriato

The History and Visual Culture of Mexico City’s Xochimilco Potable Water System during the Porfiriato   Reference library

Jeffrey M. Banister and Stacie G. Widdifield

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mexican History and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
11,912 words
Illustration(s):
2

...photography, etc. As with most historical research on water control in Mexico City, this latter work on visual culture has, understandably, fastened upon drainage as its primary object of analysis. Drainage and potable provision are inextricable, particularly in Mexico City, where groundwater pumping and the desiccation of the ancient lakes together have dramatically altered the basin’s geology as well as the city’s form. A strikingly visual effect of this is the obvious subsidence that has damaged or destroyed buildings throughout the Centro Histórico...

visual culture

visual culture  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
Visual forms and practices within a society, including those of everyday life, popular culture, and high culture, together with the processes of production and consumption or reception associated ...
Popular Culture

Popular Culture   Quick reference

Charles Phythian-Adams

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,654 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...artificial lighting. In a parallel process of interiorization, if both †education and literacy (and thus consequently the sequential mode of reading) expanded hugely, the utility of visual metaphor, verbal imagery, and hence lateral skills of association probably dwindled, but in more complex ways than we had formerly suspected (see David Vincent , Literacy and Popular Culture: England 1750–1914 (1989) ). Public as opposed to family ritual was replaced by commercialized recreation (see James Walvin , Leisure and Society 1830–1950 (1978) ). The passivity...

Painting

Painting   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,778 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...all the passions’. Loutherbourg's landscapes, like many other landscape paintings of the period, self-consciously introduced the vicarious experience of the sublime into aesthetic response, and in doing so they participated in a broader theatricalization of terror in British visual culture, most vividly illustrated by the dramatic shows put on in the *panoramas and dioramas of contemporary London. The vast apocalyptic paintings of Francis *Danby and John *Martin even offered a glimpse of the most dramatic theme of all—the sublime terror of the ‘last...

38 The History of the Book in the Muslim World

38 The History of the Book in the Muslim World   Reference library

Geoffrey Roper

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
13,249 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
4

...well as text *borders , panels for headings, and sometimes interlinear decoration as well. Many lesser MSS were also illuminated, at least at their start. This, and some of the other features previously mentioned, underline the important role of the book in the visual as well as the literary culture of Muslim societies. These features can also provide useful, sometimes vital, evidence for the placing and dating of otherwise unattributed MSS. One category of MS book in which the Muslim world made a notable contribution to global knowledge is that of *maps ...

Local and Regional History: Modern Approaches

Local and Regional History: Modern Approaches   Quick reference

David Hey

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
4,365 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...must be understood in their geographic contexts. The second approach should be topographical: the study of landscapes and the interplay between man and his environment, revealed by both visual and documentary evidence. The third concern is with all the families that together constitute the local society that is being studied. The fourth is with regional popular cultures, the mentalité of the various ‘peoples’ of Britain. In this way, the concerns of the social historian can be married to those of the economic historian and the topographer. The...

Theatre

Theatre   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,088 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...in the work of novelists such as Frances *Burney and Jane *Austen , and, indeed, in the *conduct book tradition which their fiction both reflects and critiques. At the centre of this was a vital theatrical culture, dominated by London but extending throughout the kingdom and *empire [5] . This essay will explore various aspects of this culture, such as the composition of audiences, the role of theatre in provincial society, and the range of dramatic experimentation in the period. However, in order to appreciate fully the significance of theatre in late...

7 The Book as Symbol

7 The Book as Symbol   Reference library

Brian Cummings

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
1,977 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...the life of books, both material and abstract. The sense of the book as a sacred object gives rise to a particular kind of artefactual production which manifests in physical form the status of the book as an object. Even in its textual form, the book becomes more than itself, a visual representation not only of the contents within but of the idea of the book altogether. At least in the case of the Semitic religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, this valorization of the book at least partly occurs because of the continual skirmish with iconoclasm. An...

15 Children’s Books

15 Children’s Books   Reference library

Andrea Immel

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
5,066 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...and promoted through highly sophisticated interactive websites. 3 Children’s texts as printed books In the late 17 th century, the growing interest in the workings of the human mind stressed the training of the senses, rather than the memory, and led to a new emphasis on the visual aspect of children’s books. The relations that have persisted since the 18 th century between educational, artistic, technological, and commercial considerations have allowed great creative scope in the presentation of material to the child reader. A book’s intended audience can...

Folklore, Customs, and Civic Ritual

Folklore, Customs, and Civic Ritual   Quick reference

Charles Phythian-Adams

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,037 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...like the armed marching of the ‘King's’ Watch at Midsummer and St Peter's. Conversely, when a sovereign came on progress, the civic officials would surrender their symbols of office, like the mace, at the boundary so that these might be returned to them by the monarch as a visual reminder of the royal authority bestowed upon them. Special tableaux or pageants, replete with learned or not‐so‐learned (but certainly not popular) allusions, were increasingly provided on such occasions (see D. M. Bergeron , English Civic Pageantry 1558–1642 (1971) ). Of the...

46 The History of the Book in Latin America (including Incas, Aztecs, and the Caribbean)

46 The History of the Book in Latin America (including Incas, Aztecs, and the Caribbean)   Reference library

Eugenia Roldán Vera

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
6,881 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

...histories, genealogies of rulers, cartographic information (land boundaries, migration routes), and tribute collection. They were stored in temples and schools, and reading them was an activity that combined individual visual decoding with an oral explanation provided by priests or teachers. Other codices seem to have been used as visual mnemonic supports for traditional oral poetry, storytelling, and moral teachings given by parents to their children. Although most of these codices were burnt by the Spanish conquerors and missionaries after 1521 , fifteen...

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