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vespers

Subject: Religion

A service of evening prayer in the Divine Office of the Western Christian Church (sometimes said earlier in the day). In modern Roman Catholic use, the services for Sundays and solemn ...

Vespers

Vespers   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
8 words

... . The evening office of the W....

Vespers

Vespers   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... The sixth of the canonical hours in the Greek and Roman Churches, with the name sometimes also used of the evening service in the English Church. The word comes from Latin vesperus , ‘evening’, cognate with hesperus , Greek Hesperos , the evening star. Fatal Vespers, The See under fatal . Sicilian Vespers, The See under sicily...

vespers

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The Oxford Dictionary of Music (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music
Length:
21 words

... 7th of Canonical Hours of RC Church, also known as Evensong. Famous large‐scale setting by Monteverdi ( 1610...

Vespers

Vespers   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
24 words

...Vespers . Originally the seventh of eight hours of the *Divine Office in the medieval Roman rite. It is known in English as Evening...

Vespers

Vespers   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
114 words

... Vespers, from Latin vesper or vespera , was the office that marked the end of the day, at the moment when the sun was about to set. It was the most solemn office; it was sung, often with crowds of people, in all cathedral , collegiate or conventual churches, numerous in medieval towns . According to the old Jewish usage, vespers marked the start of the liturgical day, and feast-days were provided with first and second vespers. Allegorically, according to Durand of Mende 's Rationale , “At the hour of vespers the church figures the Lord's...

Vespers

Vespers   Reference library

Robert F. Taft

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
251 words

...vespers into Constantinople (see Sabaitic Typika ) , elements from the Palestinian Horologion were combined with elements of the cathedral vespers of Constantinople ( asmatikos hesperinos ). In the final Sabaitic typika , this hybrid vespers could take three forms: “daily” vespers; “Great Vespers,” with an introit, on days when there was Great Doxology at orthros ; and “Little Vespers,” celebrated only in some monasteries, this being an abbreviated vespers before some feasts to close the day before initiating the festive vigil with Great Vespers. M....

Vespers

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
147 words

... . The evening service of both the E. and W. Church and one of the oldest parts of the Divine Office (q.v.). In its present form in the W. Church, a hymn is followed by two Psalms, a NT canticle , a short Bible reading, a responsory , the Magnificat with antiphon , prayers, and a blessing. Vespers, with Lauds , is the most important of the Day Offices and is often chanted with solemnity. The service of Evensong in the BCP was partly formed on the model of Vespers, with additions from Compline . In the E. Church the central point of Vespers...

vespers

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World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
50 words

... Evening office of the Western Church. It is a service of thanksgiving and praise, in which the liturgy consists of psalms, a reading from the Bible, the Magnificat canticle, a hymn, and a collect. Celebrated in the late afternoon, it is the basis of the Anglican service of...

Vespers

Vespers   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
481 words

...all Sundays and solemn feasts have a first and second Vespers; in the case of concurrence of the first and second Vespers of two succeeding feasts, the celebration is governed by the rules regulating the rank of the feasts. Vespers is, together with Lauds, the most important Day Office and is frequently celebrated with great solemnity, culminating in the chanting of the Magnificat, during which the celebrant censes the altar. The service of Evensong in the BCP was partly formed on the model of Vespers, with important additions from Compline . In the E....

Sicilian Vespers

Sicilian Vespers   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
59 words

...Vespers . A massacre of 3,000–4,000 French in Sicily, 30 Mar. 1282 , initiated when the bell for vespers was rung. It marked the end of the plans of Pope Martin IV and Charles of Anjou to reconquer Constantinople, and led indirectly to the decline of papal power. The theme supplied (remotely) the libretto for Verdi's I vespri siciliani...

Sicilian Vespers

Sicilian Vespers   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
157 words

...Vespers The revolution that permanently detached Sicily from the Angevins of Naples and from French hegemony broke out on 30 March 1282 at Palermo ; deliberately violent, it burned its boats by massacring the French. It was propagated as the “ commune of the island of Sicily”, federating alliances between the Lombard towns of the mountains and the two allied and rival cities, Messina, the economic capital, and Palermo, the downgraded political capital. The refusal of the Pope , suzerain of Sicily, to separate himself from Charles of Anjou ...

Sicilian Vespers

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A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
135 words

...Vespers An uprising and massacre in Sicily in 1282 , which began at the time of vespers (the evening church service). It marked the end of the rule of the Angevins in the island and of their dynastic ambitions in Italy. Charles I of Anjou had received the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies from Pope Urban IV in 1266 and to claim it had defeated the Hohenstaufen Manfred , son of the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II. His rule was extremely harsh, enforcing heavy taxation, and the French occupation was generally hated. Within a month all the French had been...

Sicilian Vespers

Sicilian Vespers   Reference library

Alice-Mary Talbot

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
321 words

...Vespers , an anti-Angevin rebellion that broke out in Palermo on 30 Mar. ( Geanakoplos , infra 364, n.101) or 31 Mar. (cf. Franchi , infra 7) 1282 . It took its name from the first incidents of the revolt that occurred outside the Church of S. Spirito just before the vespers service. The rule of Charles I of Anjou over Sicily ( 1266–82 ) was unpopular. The Sicilians became even more resentful of French domination when Charles began to organize a massive expedition against Constantinople after the Treaty of Orvieto ( July 1281 ) and levied...

Sicilian vespers

Sicilian vespers (1282)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...vespers ( 1282 ), an uprising of native Sicilians against the French and Provençals who had occupied the island of Sicily on behalf of Charles of Anjou , king of Sicily since 1266 . It began outside the church of Santo Spirito in Palermo on Easter Monday, 30 March, when an enraged husband stabbed to death a French soldier who had made advances to his wife. As the bells of Santo Spirito and other churches began the call to vespers, the incident quickly escalated into a slaughter of all the French throughout the city. Anti-French feeling was...

Sicilian Vespers, The

Sicilian Vespers, The   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Opera Characters (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
10 words

...Vespers, The ( Verdi ). See Vêpres Siciliennes, Les...

Sicilian Vespers, the

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
25 words

...Vespers, the . A massacre of the French in Sicily in 1282 , the signal for which was the tolling of the bell for Vespers...

Sicilian Vespers, the

Sicilian Vespers, the   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
48 words

...Sicilian Vespers, the . A general massacre of the French in Sicily on 30 March 1282 , the signal for which was the tolling of the bell for Vespers . The number of the victims was prob. between 3,000 and 4,000. S. Runciman , The Sicilian Vespers (Cambridge, 1958), with bibl. ...

Sicilian Vespers, The

Sicilian Vespers, The   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...Amari, Michele . History of the War of the Sicilian Vespers . Edited and translated by the Earlof Ellesmere . 3 vols. London: Bentley, 1850. Cartellieri, Otto . Peter von Aragon und die Sizilianische Vesper . Heidelberg, Germany: C. Winter's Universitätsbuchhandlung, 1904. Percy, William A. The Revenues of the Kingdom of Sicily under Charles I of Anjou, 1266–1285, and Their Relationship to the Vespers . Ph.D. diss., Princeton University, 1964. Runciman, Steven . The Sicilian Vespers: A History of the Mediterranean World in the Later Thirteenth...

vespers

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The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

... a service of evening prayer in the Divine Office of the Western Christian Church (sometimes said earlier in the day). In modern Roman Catholic use, the services for Sundays and solemn feasts begin on the preceding evening with first vespers and end with second vespers...

vespers

vespers npl   Quick reference

Pocket Oxford Italian Dictionary: English-Italian (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
5 words

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