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vault

A large cytoplasmic ribonucleoprotein particle that has the appearance of an octagonal dome. It is composed of three proteins: the major vault protein (MVP), the vault poly(ADP-ribose) ...

vault

vault   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
89 words

... Curved roof or ceiling usually made of stone, brick or concrete. The simple barrel vault is semi-cylindrical; the groin vault consists of two barrel vaults intersected at right-angles; the ribbed groin is the same as the groin vault except that it has ribs to give the edges extra support; the so-called Gothic vault has four pointed compartments; the fan vault has a delicate, fan-like appearance. In the 15th century, English masons developed the fan vault, using tracery to make it more elaborate, as in King's College Chapel,...

vault

vault   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
231 words

... (barrel, groin, rib, net) A masonry ceiling or roof structure based on the *arch . The barrel vault is the simplest form, with a *roof that is semicircular in cross-section, as though an arch has been extended to form a long, semi-cylindrical tunnel. Projecting transverse arches can divide a barrel vault into *bays . A groin vault is formed by two or more intersecting barrel vaults. The groins are the lines of intersection and divide the vault into compartments, typically either four (quadripartite) or six (sexpartite). A * rib vault is...

vault

vault   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
138 words

... An arched covering in stone or brick (occasionally in wood or plaster) over a room or space in a building. Vaults are particularly associated with Romanesque and Gothic church architecture. The simplest type is the barrel or tunnel vault, known since Roman times, a continuous semicircular arch supported on either side by thick walls. A groin vault is formed by the intersection of two barrel vaults. A rib vault has a framework of diagonal arched ribs. A fan vault, essentially a tunnel vault with rich rib patterning, is formed of concave-sided cones or...

vault

vault   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
45 words

... a large ribonucleoprotein complex of unknown function localized primarily in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells. Vaults contain V‐PARP, MVP ( major vault protein , which is also a substrate for V‐PARP), and TEP‐1 (a protein of the telomerase complex). They increase in amount in multidrug‐resistant...

vault

vault n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... n . Another name for the fornix , so called because of its arched appearance; or more generally an arched roof or ceiling, or a room, chamber, or cellar with such a structure. [From Old French voute a vault, from Latin volvere, volutum to...

Vault

Vault   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
179 words

... (κρυπτή), a ceiling or roof of brick, stone, or concrete built on the principle of the arch . In Byz. architecture vaults were constructed of brick, using the pitched-brick masonry technique, and occasionally ribbed. Types of vaults employed were (1) the barrel, or tunnel, vault, constructed of a single layer of bricks, slightly pitched, laid across the axis of the vault and set in thick beds of mortar; (2) the cloister, or domical, vault, composed of four, eight, or twelve curved surfaces or segments in the form of a dome ; (3) the groin, or cross, vault...

vault

vault   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
49 words

... [Co] A form of roofing in stone or brick using the principle of gravity to lock the materials together. The barrel vault is continuous and of semi‐circular section, whilst in the rib vaulted roof the weight of the roof itself is carried by structural elements known as...

vault

vault   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

... 1. An arched ceiling or roof constructed from masonry. 2. A room, usually underground, that is used to store valuables. 3. An underground chamber used to bury the...

vault

vault   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Biomedicine (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...vault A large cytoplasmic ribonucleoprotein particle that has the appearance of an octagonal dome. It is composed of three proteins: the major vault protein ( MVP ), the vault poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (VPARP), and the telomerase -associated protein 1, together with one or more small untranslated RNAs. MVP (lung resistance-related protein, 896 aa) is frequently overexpressed in multidrug resistant tumours and accumulates into lipid rafts during Pseudomonas aeruginosa ...

vault

vault   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
788 words
Illustration(s):
4

... is said to be vaulted , while a system of vaults on a ceiling is called vaulting . A vault- bay is defined by transverse ribs . Types of vault include : annular : barrel-vault springing from two concentric walls. See annular ; barrel, cylindrical, tunnel , or wagon : simplest variety of vault, really an elongated or continuous arch like half a cylinder (i.e. with a semicircular section and a uniform concave soffit ), spanning the distance between parallel walls or other supports. It can also be segmental or half-elliptical in section;...

vault

vault   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
589 words

... , vaulting An arched roof or ceiling, generally built of stone, brick, or in concrete, but sometimes in plaster or wood, to imitate earlier forms. (Wren used such a device in more than one of his City of London churches, rebuilt after the fire in 1666 .) The earliest forms of vaulting are barrel or tunnel vaults, where the vaulting is continuous and, because of its great weight, has to be borne on very strong walls or massive piers. Most of the 10th-century pilgrimage churches have this type of vaulting. Barrel vaults with a right-angle intersection,...

fan vault

fan vault   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...vault A fan-shaped vault...

cradle-vault

cradle-vault   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
10 words

...vault Improper term for a barrel - vault...

pointed vault

pointed vault   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...vault A type of ribbed vault where the ribs meet at a...

barrel vault

barrel vault   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
49 words

...vault ( tunnel vault ) The simplest form of vault , consisting of a continuous vault of semi-circular or pointed section, unbroken in its length by cross vaults. Developed by the Romans, barrel vaults were used in Christian churches until the invention of rib -vaulting around 1100...

coved vault

coved vault   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
41 words

...vault Cloistered arch or vault , composed of four triangular coves rising from a square plan in corbelled courses to an apex and meeting in vertical diagonal planes, the axial sections being arcs, but actually pseudo-vaults...

barrel vault

barrel vault   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
61 words

...vault [De] An arrangement for constructing a stone roof over an open space which took a semi‐circular form rather like an elongated arch. Such vaults can only be used to span narrow spaces and rely for their strength on the tight packing of the stones. Barrel vaults are the earliest kind of vaulting used. Also known as a tunnel vault...

vault prolapse

vault prolapse   Quick reference

Concise Medical Dictionary (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
40 words

... prolapse prolapse of the fornix (vault) of the vagina, which occurs at the time of hysterectomy (vaginal or abdominal) when the superior vaginal support mechanism is disrupted. It can be surgically corrected ( see sacrocolpopexy ; uterosacral suspension...

vault cash

vault cash (Banking)   Reference library

The Handbook of International Financial Terms

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

... cash (Banking) . Notes and coins held by the bank to meet cash withdrawals ( cf. cash equivalents ; deposit...

vault, palatal

vault, palatal   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
22 words

..., palatal n. 1. The arched form of the maxillary palate . 2. The form of a denture adapted to the maxillary palate...

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