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Overview

urban sociology

Sociological concern with urbanization began with sociology itself, for it was the rapidly growing 19th-century industrial cities that first supported those social relationships and ...

urban sociology

urban sociology   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
764 words

...there have been several more recent attempts to provide a new unifying theoretical paradigm for urban sociology, including neo-Weberian theories of housing classes and urban managerialism ; so-called non-spatial urban sociology focusing on consumption-sector cleavages; and neo-Marxist perspectives centring on collective consumption . The last of these defined the new urban sociology of the 1970s. Its most important text was Manuel Castells 's The Urban Question (1977). Drawing on the structuralist Marxism of Louis Althusser and Nicos Poulantzas...

urban sociology

urban sociology  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Sociological concern with urbanization began with sociology itself, for it was the rapidly growing 19th-century industrial cities that first supported those social relationships and structures which ...
Scottish Local and Family History

Scottish Local and Family History   Quick reference

David moody

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,622 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of rites of passage and customs. A good example of their use is Keith M. Brown , Bloodfeud in Scotland, 1573–1625 ( 1986 , 2003 ). Sociology is another new influence, though a more problematic one. James Littlejohn , Westrigg: The Sociology of a Cheviot Parish ( 1963 ), falls into the tradition of contemporary recording rather than historical study (even the name of the parish is fictitious). The standard sociological practice when developing a thesis is to test it by means of experimental techniques such as surveys and controlled interviews. A good...

Local and Regional History: Modern Approaches

Local and Regional History: Modern Approaches   Quick reference

David Hey

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
4,365 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Meanwhile, the study of urban history had become a boom activity. At Leicester, H. J. Dyos , the author of Victorian Suburb: Camberwell ( 1961 ), launched the Urban History Newsletter , the precursor of the journal Urban History , and in 1966 the first Urban History Conference. The great strides that were quickly made in the subject are evident in Dyos's posthumous Festschrift, Derek Fraser and Anthony Sutcliffe (eds), The Pursuit of Urban History ( 1983 ), which sought to put into practice his vision of urban history as a ‘central place’...

Policing

Policing   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,788 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... Historical Research , 67 (1994), 75–90; Radzinowicz, L. , A History of English Criminal Law and Its Administration from 1750 , iii, London, 1956; Silver, A. , ‘The Demand for Order in Civil Society: A Review of Some Themes in the History of Urban Crime, Police, and Riot’, in D. Bordua , ed., The Police: Six Sociological Essays , New York, 1967; Wiener, M. J. , Reconstructing the Criminal: Culture, Law and Policy in England, 1830–1914 , Cambridge, 1994. David...

Introduction: Muslim Activist Intellectuals and Their Place in
          History

Introduction: Muslim Activist Intellectuals and Their Place in History   Reference library

John L. Esposito and John O. Voll

Makers of Contemporary Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
9,895 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... Encyclopaedia of the Social Sciences , ed. Edwin R. A. Seligman (New York: Macmillan, 1932). 8:118 . 3. Clyde W. Barrow, “Styles of Intellectualism in Weber's Historical Sociology,” Sociological Inquiry 60, 1 (February 47. 4. Julien Benda, The Treason of the Intellectuals , trans. Richard Aldington (New York: Norton, 1969; New York:...

Kinship and Kingship: The Early Monarchy

Kinship and Kingship: The Early Monarchy   Reference library

Carol Meyers

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
20,793 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
3

...state. The urban architecture of Iron IIA was distinctive, as were the cities themselves. The preceding Iron I period saw deurbanization throughout Palestine. The rise of a state system in the tenth century bce coincided with an urban revival within the boundaries of the Israelite national territory. Most of the new urban centers were built on the sites of the old Bronze Age cities, although a few represent the continuation of Iron I village sites. The Iron II cities in some ways continue the Bronze Age urban traditions in their layout and...

Antiquarianism (Popular)

Antiquarianism (Popular)   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,164 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...educated travellers to other lands, and their similarly ethnographical reporters on regions of the British Isles, all of whom were pioneering social scientists and social historians. In this sense antiquarians have good claims to be the initiators of modern anthropology and sociology, but the purpose of this essay is to establish their contribution to cultural history and the professional modern study of both *language [40] and literature. The first part outlines the work of four exemplary figures, all active in diverse aspects of *popular culture [23] ...

Liberation Theology: Latin America

Liberation Theology: Latin America   Reference library

M. Daniel Carroll R.

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
4,826 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
10

...Miranda makes extensive use of classical source and tradition criticism, yet he is critical of how such approaches have willingly ignored or misrepresented the pertinent biblical data. Pixley has also based much of his work on critical theory, but he has appealed to sociological approaches. In both his commentary on Exodus and his history of Israel he has utilized Gottwald's explanation of the emergence of Israel as a peasant rebellion against Canaanite overlords. The proper theological framework for this Old Testament scholar is the Exodus, which...

Ezra–Nehemiah

Ezra–Nehemiah   Reference library

Daniel L. Smith-Christopher and Daniel L. Smith-Christopher

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
18,603 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...and Topographical Texts of the Old Testament (Leiden: Brill). Smith, D. L. (1989), The Religion of the Landless: The Sociology of the Babylonian Exile (Bloomington, Ind.: Meyer-Stone). Smith-Christopher, D. L. (1993), ‘Hebrew Satyagraha: The Politics of Biblical Fasting in the Post-Exilic Period’, Food and Foodways , 5/33: 269–92. ———(1994), ‘The Mixed Marriage Crisis in Ezra 9–10 and Nehemiah 13: A Study of the Sociology of the Post-Exilic Judean Community’, in T. Eskenazi and K. Richards (eds.), Temple and Community in the Persian Period ,...

Political Economy

Political Economy   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,138 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...economy. In view of Malthus's belief, in opposition to Ricardo, that political economy could not be divorced from morals, there is some irony in this which can only be appreciated by those prepared to believe that the identity of ideas is not fully described by their sociological allegiances or ideological appearances. Neither Coleridge nor Southey would have been impressed by the *utilitarian character of Malthus's Christian theology. However, if they had continued to read the work Malthus published after 1803 they might have found some remarkable...

Introduction to the New Testament

Introduction to the New Testament   Reference library

Leslie Houlden

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
17,403 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...trace—a passing whirlwind. (References to appearances of the risen Jesus there, in Mt 28 and Jn 21 , are of uncertain value in this regard and nothing visible follows from them.) 14. There was a shift too (and necessarily, given the urban locations) from itinerant to settled life, with missions undertaken from permanent urban centres. The result of this shift was that tensions arose between the more mobile missioners and the members of Christian congregations who did not normally reckon to leave their city boundaries and whose Christian life soon expressed...

Forging an Identity: The Emergence of Ancient Israel

Forging an Identity: The Emergence of Ancient Israel   Reference library

Lawrence E. Stager

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
19,872 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
4

... Urban Imposition As we have seen, soon after the arrival of the first generation of new immigrants, the Philistines successfully sited their five major cities, taking maximum advantage of their military, economic, and political potential. The urban tradition embodied in their cities differed from the Canaanite patterns they replaced, and the details of their urban planning provide additional reasons for concluding that the Philistines...

Before Israel: Syria-Palestine in the Bronze Age

Before Israel: Syria-Palestine in the Bronze Age   Reference library

Wayne T. Pitard

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
17,805 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...the urban centers of Mesopotamia, and eventually bringing down Neo-Sumerian culture at the end of the third millennium. Following their triumph, so it was said, the crude Amorites found themselves overwhelmed by the advanced culture they had subdued, and they began to settle down and develop into city-dwellers. It is now clear that this portrait is distorted. Although there was a substantial pastoralist, seminomadic element among the Amorites, large portions of the tribes were sedentary folk, living both in agricultural villages and in the larger urban...

Family and Society

Family and Society   Quick reference

Ralph Houlbrooke

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,144 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...and Society In Britain the first serious attempts to write a rounded history of the family as a social institution have been made since the 1970s. The most useful studies of different aspects of family life from various vantage points (legal, ideological, sociological, demographic, and economic) are also recent ones, though a few much older works may be mentioned. F. W. Maitland's chapters on family law in The History of English Law ( 1895 , 1968 ) are still indispensable reading. Among the many books devoted to marriage and divorce are G. E....

Transitions and Trajectories: Jews and Christians in the Roman Empire

Transitions and Trajectories: Jews and Christians in the Roman Empire   Reference library

Barbara Geller

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
14,334 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...(787). The church also developed the belief that the decisions of these councils had been guided by the Holy Spirit. From a sociological perspective, this served to legitimate the majority-rule decision making of the conciliar bishops, an emerging power elite, and to better position them against others who claimed authority to act in God's name. The bishops are paradoxical figures. Many emerged from the upper-class urban elites who had appropriated and adapted the traditional system of paideia , or learning, which had also been the domain of...

Enlightenment

Enlightenment   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
7,794 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... *medicine [18] ; James Dalrymple (Viscount Stair, 1619–95 ), Henry Home (Lord Kames, 1696–1782 ), Thomas Erskine , John *Millar , and Hume again in *law [8] ; Hume, Millar, Adam *Ferguson , and William *Robertson in *history [38] ; and in the related fields of sociological, economic, and linguistic study, Ferguson, Millar, Reid, Smith, Stewart, Kames, Sir James Steuart ( 1712–80 ), James *Burnett , and Sir James *Mackintosh . Many of the more specialist activities in the Scottish Enlightenment were informed by a general interest in the...

Philippians

Philippians   Reference library

Robert Murray, SJ and Robert Murray, SJ

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
13,932 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...with joy and hold people like him in honour ( v. 29 ); he hopes shortly to send Timothy for more news and then soon to come himself ( vv. 19–24 ). What lies behind these dealings? ( See phil a .3.) Peterlin ( 1995 ), analysing passages in Philippians and other letters in sociological categories, sees a community of house churches, differing in social and financial status and not all equally enthusiastic about regularly supporting Paul. Epaphroditus, he suggests, was well-off and willing to discharge a leitourgia, but not popular with all. This is a...

Visions of Kingdoms: From Pompey to the First Jewish Revolt

Visions of Kingdoms: From Pompey to the First Jewish Revolt   Reference library

Amy-Jill Levine

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
19,480 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...and Religious Life and Institutions . 2 vols. Assen, The Netherlands: Van Gorcum; Philadelphia: Fortress, 1974–76. Critical, accessible essays from American and Israeli scholars. Saldarini, A. J. Pharisees, Scribes, and Sadducees in Palestinian Society: A Sociological Approach. Wilmington, Del.: Michael Glazier, 1988. A well-balanced study informed by social-science methodology. Sanders, E. P. Judaism: Practice and Belief 63 bce –66 ce . Philadelphia: Trinity Press International, 1994. An attempt to define “common Judaism”...

“There Was No King in Israel”: The Era of the Judges

“There Was No King in Israel”: The Era of the Judges   Reference library

Jo Ann Hackett

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
17,677 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
3

...tribes living in unwalled villages fighting against more urbanized “Canaanites.” Reuben and Gilead/Gad were herders, and would have been dependent on urban areas for many necessities. In the Song the Reubenites “tarry among sheep-folds” and listen to the “piping for the flocks.” Gilead “stayed beyond the Jordan.” Asher and Dan were on the coast and again depended for their livelihoods on urban areas and their trading enterprises—Dan needed ships, while Asher “sat still at the coast of the sea.” So this settlement-era tribal league, if it can be so...

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