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travel and mobility

Travel and mobility were vital dimensions to life during the MA. By the central MA, diplomats, merchants, military and mendicant orders, and Jewish communities had established networks ...

travel and mobility

travel and mobility   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
951 words

... and mobility Travel and mobility were vital dimensions to life during the MA. By the central MA, diplomats, merchants, military and mendicant orders, and Jewish communities had established networks linking their communities throughout Europe and into Asia and Africa. Along these routes they encountered itinerant stonemasons, architects, pilgrims, clergy, *minstrels , university faculty and students, crusaders, missionaries, emigrants, explorers driven by opportunity, and vagrants driven by poverty, in an increasingly urbanized and commercialized...

travel and mobility

travel and mobility  

Travel and mobility were vital dimensions to life during the MA. By the central MA, diplomats, merchants, military and mendicant orders, and Jewish communities had established networks linking their ...
20b The History of the Book in Britain, 1801–1914

20b The History of the Book in Britain, 1801–1914   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
5,058 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...a time of increasing social mobility; for engaging with the natural world, with employers and colleagues in factories and other workplaces; and for engaging with religion or politics. The balance of work and leisure changed too, as the economic misery of the Napoleonic wars (until 1815 ) and their aftermath (until about 1850 ) gave way to a period of relative prosperity. Governments mandated a reduction in working hours for adults as well as educational provision for children. Both policies affected the practices of writing and publishing books, as well as...

Sensibility

Sensibility   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
7,039 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of mobile property and upon modes of consciousness suited to a world of moving objects’. In the view of contemporaries, this new image was brought about by the multiplying ‘encounters with things and persons’, evoking ‘passions and refining them into manners’, experienced in turn as male sensibility. Commercial capitalists changed their manners in fostering new modes of mass mannerliness among customers—both groups primed to change by appetite, by mobility, by religion, by successful rebellions and reactions, as well as by emulativeness and the other...

travel

travel  

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Overview Page
Levels of personal mobility varied greatly in the ancient Mediterranean. Certain categories of men were regarded as mobile throughout: the trader was a recognizable figure in the Homeric poems, and ...
St Bertin

St Bertin  

(abbey) A Benedictine house founded by Bishop Omer of Thérouanne in 7th-century Artois, it became an important stopping point for clergy travelling between England and Rome. See also travel and ...
transport geography

transport geography  

A branch of human geography concerned with: transport policy practice and analysis, especially the impacts of deregulation, privatization, and subsidy control; infrastructure impact on trip-making, ...
commuting

commuting  

The movement from suburban or rural locations to the place of work and back. In a Montreal-based study, Shearmur (2006) Urb. Geog. 27, 4 concludes that differences in commuting length between ...
labour-market segmentation

labour-market segmentation  

Reference type:
Overview Page
In essence, neo-classical economic theory sees a market for labour, with buyers and sellers in open competition with each other, which functions in broadly the same way as other markets. There are ...
labour migration

labour migration  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The movement of sportworkers, both within countries, and across national and continental boundaries, to play at professional levels in sport. On the international level, this refers not to the ...
mobility turn/mobilities paradigm

mobility turn/mobilities paradigm   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
171 words

...all forms of movement and circulation and theorizes them holistically and relationally, rather than as separate, discrete forms of action associated with particular activities. Here, there is an emphasis on practice, and the meanings, subjectivities, and spaces of movement in all its diverse forms (writing, walking, dancing, driving, travelling, exploring, emigrating, and so on). Further reading Cresswell, T. and Merriman, P. (eds.) (2011), Geographies of Mobilities: Practices, Spaces, Subjects . Urry, J. (2008), Mobilities...

mobility studies

mobility studies   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...and imbued with meaning and perhaps most importantly embodied. Cresswell suggests that mobility can be thought of as a way of being in the world. In an edited volume explicitly produced as a manifesto for mobility studies, Cultural Mobility: A Manifesto ( 2009 ), Stephen Greenblatt identifies five key principles underpinning the field: firstly, it should take mobility literally and examine the huge varieties of forms of movement as well as the routes movement takes—it should look at the speed of travel, the limits to travel, and so on; secondly, it...

freight mobility management

freight mobility management   Quick reference

A Supplementary Dictionary of Renewable Energy and Sustainability

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...mobility management ( freight travel plan , Freight Quality Partnership ) A scheme designed to reduce the environmental impacts and congestion of freight deliveries to a specific site or area. Measures include reviewing vehicle utilization, vehicle specification, and payload performance. Other approaches include the use of consolidation centres, where deliveries from suppliers are consolidated before delivering to their final destination, which could include shopping centres or airports. Freight mobility management schemes may also be adopted by local...

mobility

mobility   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geography (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... A research field that spans ‘studies of corporeal movement, transportation and communications infrastructures, capitalist spatial restructuring, migration and immigration, citizenship and transnationalism, and tourism and travel’ ( Hannam et al. (2006) Mobilities 1, 1 ). T. Cresswell (2006) addresses ‘how the fact of movement becomes mobility. How, in other words, movement is made meaningful, and how the resulting ideologies of mobility become implicated in the production of mobile practices.’ T. Cresswell and P. Merriman ‘provide a foundational...

St Bertin

St Bertin   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
67 words

...Bertin (abbey) A *Benedictine house founded by Bishop Omer of Thérouanne in 7th-century *Artois , it became an important stopping point for clergy travelling between *England and *Rome . See also travel and mobility . Diane J. Reilly The Annals of St-Bertin , ed. and tr. J. L. Nelson (1991). P. Grierson , ‘ The Relations between England and France before the Norman Conquest ’, TRHS , ser. 4, 23 (1941),...

travelling theory

travelling theory   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
117 words

... theory The ideas and theories that travel, from person to person, discipline to discipline, situation to situation, place to place, and from one period to another. The concept, coined by the post-colonial scholar Edward Said in The World, the Text and the Critic ( 1983 ), concerns the circulation of knowledge, how specific ideas move and mutate, being understood and used in different ways across place, context, and time. As such, Said argued that theories have no fixed meaning, but take on different forms depending on where, when, and how they are...

travel demand management

travel demand management   Quick reference

A Supplementary Dictionary of Renewable Energy and Sustainability

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... demand management ( TDM ) An action or set of actions aimed at influencing people’s travel behaviour in such a way that alternative mobility options are presented and/or congestion is reduced. The key point about TDM is to influence ‘people’s travel behaviour’ as a way to reduce the impacts of travel and congestion, in contrast with reducing congestion by road construction or improving flow at junctions where there is no behaviour change. The aims of TDM include encouraging modal shift , reducing the negative impact of the car on society, reducing...

Brendan (Brenainn), St , abbot of Clonfert

Brendan (Brenainn), St , abbot of Clonfert (484–577/83)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
68 words

...(Brenainn), St , abbot of Clonfert ( 484–577/83 ) Irish saint famous for his sea voyages and the subject of * Navigatio Sancti Brendani . See also celtic church ; travel and mobility . Katja Ritari W. R. J. Barron and G. S. Burgess , eds, The Voyage of St Brendan: Representative Versions of the Legend in English Translation (2002). J. M. Wooding , ed., The Otherworld Voyage in Early Irish Literature ...

transport geography

transport geography   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geography (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...policy practice and analysis, especially the impacts of deregulation, privatization, and subsidy control; infrastructure impact on trip-making, the spatial economy, and regional development; technological innovation in transport and telecommunications and global and regional economic integration; the growing mobility gap between rich and poor and differential accessibility to jobs and services; transport, environment, and energy; travel, recreation, and tourism; and spatial and behavioural aspects of modelling transport demand. See Woudsma and Andrey (2004) in...

travel

travel   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
573 words

...did so too, and piracy and rapine ( see brigandage ) increased until the Roman state in the age of  Pompey and Augustus had to extirpate it. Mobility under the Roman empire was thus more secure (the risks from robbers and brigands remained real, even in Italy), if still vulnerable to the weather and the multiple discomforts of ancient transport technology. Soldiers, traders, officials, and slaves retained a particular role in promoting it. The development of widespread background mobility and its infrastructure made voluntary travel and its culture...

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