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Overview

transformational–generative grammar

A theory of language developed by Noam Chomsky in the late 1950s that holds that humans have a biological or “hard-wired” competency for grammar that generates all particular grammatical ...

transformational–generative grammar

transformational–generative grammar   Reference library

Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
186 words

...to produce grammars of specific languages consistent with the universal grammar. Although the system has been substantially revised by Chomsky and others through the years, some version of transformationalgenerative grammar underlies most contemporary research in linguistics. The scientific goals of transformationalgenerative grammar have been the basis of claims that language is autonomous from its cultural or semantic context. This tendency has been much criticized by those who see Chomsky's work as inattentive to the cultural diversity, practical nature,...

Transformational-Generative Grammar

Transformational-Generative Grammar   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Transformational-Generative Grammar ( TG ) . In theoretical linguistics , a type of generative grammar first advocated by Noam chomsky in Syntactic Structures ( 1957 ). Since then, there have been many changes in the descriptive apparatus of TG. Common to all versions is the view that some rules are transformational: that is, they change one structure into another according to such prescribed conventions as moving, inserting, deleting, and replacing items. From an early stage of its history, TG has stipulated two levels of syntactic structure: ...

transformational–generative grammar

transformational–generative grammar  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A theory of language developed by Noam Chomsky in the late 1950s that holds that humans have a biological or “hard-wired” competency for grammar that generates all particular grammatical systems. ...
Adjunction

Adjunction  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
In the theory of generative grammar, transformations are said to map phrase markers into other phrase markers. Transformational operations are composed of elementary operations of permutation, ...
Chomskyan

Chomskyan  

Of, relating to, or resembling the theory of language of the US linguist and philosopher (Avram) Noam Chomsky (born 1928). See anomalous sentence, competence (2), deep structure, generative grammar, ...
generative grammar

generative grammar  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The theory of language structures first proposed in Chomsky's Syntactic Structures (1957). Just as physics studies the forms of physically possible processes, so linguistics should study the form of ...
Deletion

Deletion  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
Throughout the history of generative grammar (Chomsky 1957 onward), various phenomena have been argued to involve deletion transformations. Deletion rules were invoked to account for the disparity ...
transformational grammar

transformational grammar  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
(linguistics) A grammar in which different structural levels are related by transformation rules. In the 1960s, Chomsky argued that the syntactical surface structure of sentences within a language ...
Grammatical Relations

Grammatical Relations  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
Traditionally, the term G[rammatical] R[elation] (sometimes also “Grammatical Function”) has identified relations between a verb and its dependents, such as ‘subject of’, ‘direct/indirect object of’, ...
grammar

grammar  

The whole system and structure of a language or of languages in general, usually taken as consisting of syntax and morphology (including inflections) and sometimes also phonology and semantics; ...
deep structure

deep structure  

Reference type:
Overview Page
1. (deep grammar) In linguistics, following Chomsky, a fundamental abstract level of grammatical organization underlying the surface structure of sentences, which are generated by applying ...
competence

competence  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The ability to perform to a specified standard. The introduction of competence‐based vocational qualifications, which was signalled in the 1981 White Paper A New Training Initiative, brought with it ...
performance

performance  

Reference type:
Overview Page
1. Artistic enactment for an audience (a dramatic or musical presentation, or some other form of entertainment). Also, an individual's competence or achievement in such a performance.2. Most broadly, ...
transformational grammar

transformational grammar   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

... grammar A grammar that makes essential use of transformation rules to convert the deep structures of sentences into their surface structures. See also generative grammar...

phrase structure grammar

phrase structure grammar   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

...structure grammar ( PSG ) A cover term for generative , monostratal theoretical approaches to grammar that make use of abstract representations of the structure, meaning, and phonology of sentences. Generalized Phrase Structure Grammar and Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar are examples of phrase structure grammar. See also Chomskyan ; Generative Grammar ( 2 ) ; Government-Binding Theory ; grammar ; Minimalist Program ; Principles and Parameters Theory ; Standard Theory ; Transformational Grammar...

English Transformational Grammar

English Transformational Grammar   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

...Transformational Grammar A description of (parts of) the grammar of English by R. A. Jacobs and P. S. Rosenbaum using early Generative Grammar ( 2 ) as a framework, published in...

Minimalist Program

Minimalist Program   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

...Program ( MP ) A programme of research (not a theory) that has developed from various versions of Generative Grammar ( 2 ) since the mid-1990s. See also Chomskyan ; Generalized Phrase Structure Grammar ; generative ; Government-Binding Theory ; grammar ; Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar ; phrase structure grammar ; Principles and Parameters Theory ; Standard Theory ; Transformational Grammar...

grammar

grammar n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... n . 1. The branch of linguistics concerned with sentence structure, especially syntax and morphology ( 2 ) . 2. The system of implicit rules governing a speaker's use of a language, especially semantics and phonology . See also case grammar , context-dependent grammar , context-free grammar , finite-state grammar , generative grammar , phrase-structure grammar , pivot grammar , transformational grammar , universal grammar . [From Greek grammatikos concerning...

transformational grammar

transformational grammar   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
91 words

... grammar ( TG ) A form of generative grammar , developed by Chomsky in the 1950s and 1960s, of which rules ( 2 ) for transformations formed a distinct component. Thus especially that of what he came to call a ‘Standard Theory’ , in which a transformational component of a grammar derived surface structures from deep structures. Transformational grammar and ‘transformational-generative grammar’ were commonly used as labels, throughout this period, for Chomsky’s theories generally, or those of the school of linguists that swore allegiance...

Chomskyan

Chomskyan adj.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... adj. Of, relating to, or resembling the theory of language of the US linguist and philosopher (Avram) Noam Chomsky (born 1928 ). See anomalous sentence , competence ( 2 ) , deep structure , generative grammar , language acquisition device , performance ( 2 ) , surface structure , transformational grammar , universal grammar...

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