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traditio Legis

Also ‘Dominus legem dat’. The early Christian iconographic motif of Christ, standing or enthroned, distributing his New Law in the form of a scroll (or rarely a codex) to the apostles ...

traditio legis

traditio legis   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
63 words

... legis Also ‘Dominus legem dat’. The early Christian iconographic motif of Christ, standing or enthroned, distributing his New Law in the form of a scroll (or rarely a codex) to the apostles Peter and Paul. Diane J. Reilly K. Berger , ‘ Der traditionsgeschichtliche Ursprung der “traditio legis ”’, Vigiliae Christianae , 27 (1973), 104–22. J. Engemann , ‘ Gesetzübergabe ’, LMA , vol. 4.7 (1988),...

Traditio Legis

Traditio Legis   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
271 words

... Legis (Lat. “transmission of the law”), the modern title for a group of 4th–13th-C. compositions, predominantly Roman, showing Christ holding a scroll and flanked by Peter and/or Paul . The Traditio legis emerges just after the edict of toleration of Christians in the early 4th C., and draws heavily on imperial imagery. The earliest version, found on “Passion” sarcophagi, shows Christ on the mount of Paradise , his right arm raised in a gesture of address and his left holding an open scroll, as Peter approaches from his right and Paul acclaims...

Traditio Legis

Traditio Legis   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
201 words

... Legis ( the Giving of the Law ) This is the counterpart of the preceding Giving of the Keys. Representations of the scene appear mostly in Early Christian sarcophagi. In one (350/60: St Peter's, Grotto) Christ is seen in the centre, with SS Peter and Paul on either side of Him; He hands a scroll to S. Peter. A damaged sarcophagus fragment (370: Rome, San Sebastiano) has the same treatment of the scene. The apse mosaic of Sta Costanza, Rome, c .350, has Christ, with sheep at His feet, between SS Peter and Paul, handing S. Peter a scroll. The same...

traditio Legis

traditio Legis  

Also ‘Dominus legem dat’. The early Christian iconographic motif of Christ, standing or enthroned, distributing his New Law in the form of a scroll (or rarely a codex) to the apostles Peter and ...
Rivers of Paradise

Rivers of Paradise  

Genesis 2:10–14 describes four rivers in Paradise: Pison, Gihon, Hiddekel (or Tigris), and Euphrates. Flowing from a verdant landscape, the four appear frequently in 4th- through 6th-C. art, serving ...
passion

passion  

The term is used absolutely of the Lord's redemptive suffering during the last days of His earthly life, and especially of His Crucifixion.
lamb

lamb  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The use of a lamb as a symbol of Christ is based on such passages as Jn. 1: 29 and Rev. 5: 12. Sometimes a lamb with or near a cross represented the sacrifice of Christ; sometimes a lamb is depicted ...
sarcophagus

sarcophagus  

A stone coffin, typically adorned with a sculpture or inscription and associated with the ancient civilizations of Egypt, Rome, and Greece. Recorded from late Middle English, the word comes via Latin ...
Brescia Box

Brescia Box   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
103 words

...N. Italy. It is an extremely important example of Early Christian iconography, dating from c .350/75, probably of N. Italian (?Milanese) workmanship. There are scenes from the Passion, but not the Crucifixion (still not a subject for art); other scenes include the Traditio Legis , the Good Shepherd , the Woman with an Issue of Blood , Ananias , and Apocryphal and OT subjects— Daniel in the Lions' Den, Susanna and the Elders, Jonah and the Whale, and...

Junius Bassus

Junius Bassus (d. 359)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
151 words

...of the first members of a Roman patrician family to become a Christian. His sarcophagus (St Peter's Mus.) is a major work of Early Christian sculpture and worthy of his rank. It has ten very high-relief carvings, representing the Sacrifice of Isaac, S. Peter arrested, the Traditio Legis , Christ arrested, Christ before Pilate, Job, Adam and Eve, Christ's Entry into Jerusalem, Daniel in the Lions' Den, and S. Paul on the way to martyrdom. The choice of these subjects and their interrelationship is not clear at first sight, but was certainly deliberate and...

Paradise, Rivers of

Paradise, Rivers of   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
200 words

...of . Genesis 2:10–14 describes four rivers in Paradise: Pison, Gihon, Hiddekel (or Tigris), and Euphrates. Flowing from a verdant landscape, the four appear frequently in 4th- through 6th-C. art, serving to situate in Paradise such symbolic images of Christ's kingship as the Traditio Legis , Christ appearing in Glory (apse mosaic, S. Vitale , Ravenna ), and Majestas Domini ( Hosios David , Thessalonike ). As lifegiving streams, they flow from the foot of the Cross on some Monza ampullae (nos. 9, 11) and from the Fountain of Life in a floor mosaic in...

Elisha

Elisha   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
236 words

...master does. Typological exegesis loved to see in him a prefiguration of Christ , and drew up equivalences between the ovation at Jericho and the Entry into Jerusalem , the multiplication of the widow's oil and Pentecost , the inheritance of Elijah's mantle and the traditio legis to the apostles, the healing of Naaman the Leper in the waters of the Jordan and baptism , the raising of the son of the Shunammite woman and that of Lazarus , the miracle of the axe floating on the water and the Resurrection of Christ. The plurality of these figures...

Lamb of God

Lamb of God   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
281 words

...of the world (Jn 1:29) and was the Lamb of the Apocalypse (Rev 14–21), he, too, is shown as a lamb from the 4th C. onward. Signifying the eternal triumph achieved through his sacrifice, the image of Christ as the Lamb of God is first found below triumphal scenes like the Traditio legis or Christ acclaimed by the Apostles; the Lamb stands on the mount of Paradise flanked by apostle-lambs, forming a symbolic, celestial counterpart to the figural scene above. Slightly later, as the focus of larger cycles, the Lamb of God appears enclosed in the wreath of...

Sarcophagus

Sarcophagus   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
331 words

...decorated it with the imagery of the catacombs , embodying, above all, a belief in personal salvation. After Christianity was granted toleration ca. 311–13 (see Edict of Milan ) , sarcophagi came to be embellished with more elaborate and varied programs, for example, the Traditio legis , including outright quotations from other works of art (e.g., apse decoration). In the middle of the 4th C. the method of producing sarcophagi changed fundamentally. Previously mass-produced and thus widely available to even a relatively modest clientele, they became much...

Cione, Andrea di

Cione, Andrea di (1343)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
292 words

... painted for the Strozzi chapel in S. Maria Novella displays his formidable powers. The language of pictorial space is inverted, not abandoned, in the interests of a highly cerebral and specific exposition of Dominican politico-theology employing a pointed reworking of Traditio Legis iconography. The hot colours, sharp outlines, and the unrelenting frontal stares of the central figure of Christ and the flanking S. John the Baptist combine in an image of unforgettable force. In 1359 Orcagna signed a large and elaborate tabernacle for the chapel of the...

Lamb

Lamb   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
494 words
Illustration(s):
1

...and Jerusalem , metaphor of the troop of Christians composed of gentiles and Jews . From the 4th c., the image of the lamb also served to represent Christ allegorically, in apse mosaics and on sarcophagi. The Christ-lamb was part of the iconographical motif of the Traditio Legis , in which the lamb at the summit of Mount Zion was surrounded by lambs referring to the Apostles. The lamb could also be represented within a crown : here the association of the animal and the perfection of the circle expressed the dual Nature of Christ, divine with the...

Paul

Paul   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
631 words

...Representation in Art Bearded, brown-haired, and balding, Paul joins Peter as the first of the apostles to exhibit a distinct iconographic type. He appears with Peter en buste on 4th-C. commemorative medals and gold glass as well as in scenes of his arrest and of the Traditio Legis on “Passion” sarcophagi. Scenes involving Paul but not Peter first appear in the 5th C.: Florence, Carrand Diptych ( Volbach , Elfenbeinarbeiten , no.108); murals in San Paolo fuori le Mura ( Rome ). His presence among the apostles, esp. in depictions of episodes...

Castel Sant’Elia

Castel Sant’Elia   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...and ciborium. The church is famous for his wall paintings from the first quarter of the 12th century. The apse and its adjacent walls, showing the 24 elders, are influenced by Romano-Christian motifs. Christ in the middle of the conch is flanked by Peter and Paul in a Traditio legis depiction, with a procession of lambs below. Underneath, Maria Regina has to be reconstructed in the middle, between two conserved angels followed by female saints in a Byzantine manner. No Romano-Christian iconography seems to have influenced the vast apocalyptic cycle...

Müstair [Münster], St Johann

Müstair [Münster], St Johann   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... 1180 ; the upper parts of this Romanesque work have broken away, revealing the original Carolingian images in those areas; in the semi-dome of the central apse is Christ in Majesty with the story of John the Baptist below; in the semi-dome of the left apse is the Traditio Legis with scenes from the apostles’ lives below; and in the semi-dome of the right apse the Cross is represented with the story of St Stephen below. In the cloister of the church are very poorly preserved fragments of murals depicting the Crucifixion and Descent from...

Berzé-la-Ville, priory chapel

Berzé-la-Ville, priory chapel   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...pointed barrel vault, a short choir (l. 2.70 m), and a semicircular apse. The paintings in the nave, including an Entry into Jerusalem and decorative bands imitating transverse arches, are fragmentary, but those in the apse are well preserved. The semi-dome contains a Traditio legis . Christ in Majesty is depicted enthroned in a blue mandorla below the Hand of God and flanked on either side by six Apostles: he hands an unfurled scroll to St Peter on the right and blesses St Paul on the left. Also flanking the mandorla are SS Lawrence and Vincent and...

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