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tooth relic

Subject: Religion

Sacred relic of Gautama Buddha preserved in Kandy.Sri Lanka. According to legend it was brought to the island in the 4th century ce hidden in the hair of a princess. At first it was ...

tooth relic

tooth relic   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
184 words

... relic . Sacred relic of Gautama Buddha preserved in Kandy , Sri Lanka . According to legend it was brought to the island in the 4th century ce hidden in the hair of a princess. At first it was preserved in Anurādhapura and then in a number of different locations. For a short period in 1283 it was carried back to India by an invading army but was brought back again to Sri Lanka by King Parakkamabāhu III . In the 16th century the Portuguese captured what they claimed was the tooth and burnt it in Goa. The real tooth was, however, safe in Sri...

tooth relic

tooth relic (S./P.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...tooth relic . ( S./P. dantadhātu ). A left cuspid tooth presumed to be that of the buddha Gotama ( S. Gautama ), which is the most sacred relic in Sri Lanka and one of the most famous Buddhist relics in the world. It is said that after the Buddha’s cremation, the tooth relic was retrieved from the ashes of the funeral pyre by the monk Khema. It was passed down among several royal dynasties until coming into the possession of king Guhasīva of Kaliṅga in the fourth century ce . Fearing that the tooth would be destroyed by Hindus, he entrusted it to his...

Tooth Relic Temple

Tooth Relic Temple   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
66 words

... Relic Temple . More accurately known as Dalada Maligawa, the shrine in Śri Lankā in which the relic of the Buddha's tooth is kept. It is now in Kandy, but there were several earlier shrines after the tooth was brought to Śri Lankā in the 4th cent. ce . It is an object of constantly maintained devotion, and it is brought out in procession once each...

tooth relic

tooth relic  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Sacred relic of Gautama Buddha preserved in Kandy.Sri Lanka. According to legend it was brought to the island in the 4th century ce hidden in the hair of a princess. At first it was preserved in ...
Tooth Relic Temple

Tooth Relic Temple  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
More accurately known as Dalada Maligawa, the shrine in Śri Lankā in which the relic of the Buddha's tooth is kept. It is now in Kandy, but there were several ...
Temple of the Tooth

Temple of the Tooth  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Series of Sri Lankan temples in different towns in which, at different times, the tooth relic has been housed. The temple in which the relic is now preserved is the Dalada Maligawa.
Esala Perahera

Esala Perahera  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Sinhalese term meaning the ‘procession of the full moon of Esala’ and being the Sri Lankan version of the Āsāḷha Pūjā. The procession takes place in the course of a festival held in July or August in ...
Dalada Maligawa

Dalada Maligawa  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Kandy's ‘Temple of the Tooth’ housing Sri Lanka's most important Buddhist relict: the tooth relic. The building of the temple was initiated in 1592 and the present building, an imposing pink-painted ...
Pulatthinagara

Pulatthinagara  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Capital of Sri Lanka during the medieval period. Also known as Pulatthi-pura, the city flourished between the 7th to the 14th centuries, and was captured at different times by Tamil and Cola forces ...
Temple of the Tooth

Temple of the Tooth   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
36 words

...of the Tooth . Series of Sri Lankan temples in different towns in which, at different times, the tooth relic has been housed. The temple in which the relic is now preserved is the Dalada ...

Kandy

Kandy   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
50 words

.... Former capital of Sri Lanka from 1592 to 1815 and site of the Temple of the Tooth housing a tooth believed to belong to the Buddha . Every August in the Perahera festival the relic is carried on the back of an elephant around the city in a torchlight...

Dalada Maligawa

Dalada Maligawa   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
104 words

...of the Tooth’ housing Sri Lanka 's most important Buddhist relict: the tooth relic. The building of the temple was initiated in 1592 and the present building, an imposing pink-painted structure surrounded by a deep moat, was constructed mainly under Kandyan kings from 1687 to 1707 and again from 1747 to 1782 . An octagonal tower in the moat was added by Sri Wickrama Rajasinha , the last king of Kandy, and houses an important collection of palm-leaf manuscripts. In the early 1990s President Premadasa added a gilded roof over the relic chamber. The...

Pulatthinagara

Pulatthinagara   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
90 words

...as Pulatthi-pura, the city flourished between the 7th to the 14th centuries, and was captured at different times by Tamil and Cola forces from India . It was recaptured by Vijayabāhu I around 1070 who renamed it Vijayarājapura and constructed the temple of the tooth relic to house a tooth believed to belong to the Buddha . The city was looted around 1215 by forces from south India and was largely in decline from then on, with occasional periods of...

relics

relics   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
143 words

...were enshrined in funeral mounds ( stūpa ) and became centres of pilgrimage . The most important surviving bodily relic believed to belong to the Buddha is a tooth housed in the Temple of the Tooth in Kandy , Sri Lanka . The bodily remains of other revered teachers are preserved throughout the Buddhist world. Among sacred objects, anything associated with the Buddha or influential religious masters, can be revered as a relic. Examples include cuttings from the Bodhi Tree, robes ( see cīvara ), bowls ( see begging-Bowl ), statues, and religious...

Esala Perahera

Esala Perahera   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
194 words

...the full moon of Esala’ and being the Sri Lankan version of the Āsāḷha Pūjā . The procession takes place in the course of a festival held in July or August in Kandy , one of the ancient capitals of Sri Lanka , to honour the relic of the Buddha 's tooth ( see tooth relic) preserved in the Dalada Maligawa or Temple of the Tooth. The celebrations, including processions of decorated elephants, drummers, and dancers, last for the ten days ending on the full moon of July/August. The celebrations of the first six nights are relatively minor but from the...

Tālampoṭa

Tālampoṭa   Reference library

Natalie M. Webber

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
128 words

...struck and released ( teyi ) on important beats and struck and left together ( tit ) on less important beats. One pair of such cymbals is essential to the kavikāra maḍuva, a group of instrumentalists used on certain auspicious days in the Temple of the Tooth, Kandy, to sing praise-songs to the relic. See C. de S. Kulatillake : Metre, Melody, and Rhythm in Sinhala Music (Colombo, 1980), 35ff. Natalie M. Webber ...

Pantēruva

Pantēruva   Reference library

Natalie M. Webber

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
273 words

...the kavikāra maḍuva Buddhist ritual ensemble in the Temple of the Tooth, Kandy. The player is seated for the recitation of panegyrics to the Tooth Relic, but constant movement of the instrument from hand to hand is still a feature. Smaller versions, often with only four or five sets of jingles instead of six, are found in schools and colleges in the so-called ‘Western bands’—a mixture of Western and Sinhalese instruments. Bibliography A.M. Hocart : The Temple of the Tooth at Kandy (London, 1931), 17 W.B. Makulloluwa : Dances of Sri Lanka...

pilgrimage

pilgrimage   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
240 words

...anyone who pays reverence to a stūpa with a devout heart will reap benefit and happiness for a long time. Sites containing relics of the Buddha, or places associated with his life, are therefore the most important centres of pilgrimage. Included among these are the Buddha's tooth relic at Kandy and his footprints at Mt. Siripāda (both in Sri Lanka ). Places where a cutting from the Bodhi Tree is believed to flourish, as in Bodhgayā , are also revered. In China the ‘Five Peaks’ are popular pilgrimage centres, and in Japan the main centres of...

Kandy Perahera

Kandy Perahera   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
856 words

...the Dalada Maligawa Perahera; perahera signifies “a procession,” and Dalada Maligawa means “Temple of the Sacred Tooth.” The history of this festival dates back to the fourth century ce , when King Kithsiri Megawanna received from India the Sacred Tooth, a relic of Buddha, and placed it in a casket lodged in an edifice built in the third century bce by King Devanampiyatissa, who made Buddhism the national religion of Sri Lanka. This relic became the symbol of monarchy and was venerated to invoke blessings on the king and his people. A king-elect had to...

Uḍäkki

Uḍäkki   Reference library

Natalie M. Webber

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
527 words

...for entertainment. Troupes of uḍäkki players are a prominent feature of the Kandy Äsalaperahära (an annual procession), when privileged dancers and drummers escort the Buddha relic through the streets of the town on 11 consecutive nights. The uḍäkki retains its ritual role in the Kavkāra maḍuv , which still plays and sings every Wednesday morning in the Temple of the Tooth, Kandy. A.M. Hocart (1931) described the ensemble as including two uḍäkki players with silver instruments, but a single player with a lacquered or painted instrument is now more...

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