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threshold level

The concentration or amount of a particular substance or condition below which it cannot be detected, or below which a significant adverse effect is not expected.

threshold level

threshold level   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... level The concentration or amount of a particular substance or condition below which it cannot be detected, or below which a significant adverse effect is not...

threshold level

threshold level  

The concentration or amount of a particular substance or condition below which it cannot be detected, or below which a significant adverse effect is not expected.
On Martyrdom (Shahadat)

On Martyrdom (Shahadat)   Reference library

‘Alī Sharī‘atī

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
2,396 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of shahadat has now arisen in order to teach those who consider the jihad to pertain only to those who have ability and who think that victory lies only in conquest, that shahadat is not a loss; it is a choice, a choice whereby the warrior sacrifices himself on the threshold of the temple of freedom and the altar of love and is victorious. . . . Shahadat in our culture and in our religion is not a bloody and tragic occurrence. In other religions and tribal histories, shahadat refers to the sacrifice of the heroes who are killed in the battles with...

20c The History of the Book in Britain from 1914

20c The History of the Book in Britain from 1914   Reference library

Claire Squires

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
4,043 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...by and about women (both reprints and originals), and by encouraging exclusively or predominantly female staffing. New computer-based technologies such as *desktop publishing and *print-on-demand meant that smaller companies could be quickly established, with a much lower threshold of required technical expertise. Apart from the wartime periods, annual British book-title production saw a relentless increase—from under 10,000 new titles at the beginning of the 20 th century to over 100,000, and rising, at its end. With all-encompassing changes in...

Central Government, Courts, and Taxation

Central Government, Courts, and Taxation   Quick reference

R. W. Hoyle

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
7,753 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...1377–81, 1524–5, 1664 , and the first extant land tax return. Moreover, the returns which do survive vary considerably in their utility. This is especially true of the Henrician lay subsidies. Where some had low qualifying thresholds for inclusion (£2 in goods or wages in 1524–5 , £1 in goods in 1543–5 ), in others the thresholds were much higher (£50 in 1526–7 , £20 in 1535–6 and 1540–1 ). The utility of the hearth tax is much increased in those years when we have the names of those considered sufficiently poor to be exempt. Nor does the mere...

Poverty

Poverty   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,179 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...The history of poverty cannot be written simply by establishing a measure or threshold of deprivation and looking for all who fell beneath it, since it is also a history of shifting definitions and perspective. The terms ‘poverty’ and ‘poor’ were particularly dense and highly contested concepts in this period. They described a social and economic situation which sometimes required charity or statutory relief, but they were also terms of political analysis which conveyed specific values, attitudes, and explanations of how society in general was composed...

28 The History of the Book in Italy

28 The History of the Book in Italy   Reference library

Neil Harris

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,132 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...when it reaches the last day of 1500 . No jubilant throng of printers, publishers, and booksellers gathered in St Mark’s Square to cheer the ending of the incunable age and dance into the small hours of the incoming century. This is hardly surprising, since the bibliographical threshold of New Year’s Day 1501 is a later demarcation, long recognized as artificial and undesirable; it is, nevertheless, a convenient moment for taking stock (Norton). The ongoing Italian census of 16 th -century books ( Edit16 ), together with its sister system, Servizio...

Into Exile: From the Assyrian Conquest of Israel to the Fall of Babylon

Into Exile: From the Assyrian Conquest of Israel to the Fall of Babylon   Reference library

Mordechai Cogan

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
17,701 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

...written record complements this picture of growth and resurgence with its own point of view. Especially among the upper class, Judeans adopted foreign customs wholesale. Outlandish dress became fashionable in Jerusalem, as did such alien folkways as “leaping over [the Temple?] threshold” in Philistine manner ( Zeph. 1.4–5, 8–9 ). Merchants from Judah plied the routes to Mesopotamia, where the unit weight of Judah, the shekel, was recognized currency in those distant markets; luxury items, along with the profits of this trade, accompanied them on the journey...

Ezekiel

Ezekiel   Reference library

J. Galambush and J. Galambush

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
34,333 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Egyptian rituals. As a result, YHWH will show no mercy in punishing the people. ( 9:1–11 ) The Divine Avengers As Ezekiel looks on, YHWH summons seven executioners to carry out his sentence against the city. Meanwhile, the divine glory moves from the holy of holies out to the threshold of the temple. In a recapitulation of the Exodus narrative, those to be spared are given an identifying mark (the Hebrew letter taw ) to protect them as the destroyers pass through the city. The destroyers are explicitly told to defile the temple with corpses and then proceed...

1 & 2 Kings

1 & 2 Kings   Reference library

Walter Dietrich, Walter Dietrich, and Walter Dietrich

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
40,434 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...people from sacrifices that would otherwise have been demanded, could be made by paying in silver. (Though minted coins only existed from Persian times onwards, so that the term ‘money’ as used in the NRSV is misleading.) The somewhat lower caste of ‘priests who guarded the threshold’ received the donated silver, deposited it in the designated chest and guarded its contents. (This honourable duty was no longer theirs by the time of exile: according to 2 Chr 24:10 , the believers threw their money into the collection box themselves.) These priests were also...

1 & 2 Samuel

1 & 2 Samuel   Reference library

Gwilym H. Jones, Gwilym H. Jones, and Gwilym H. Jones

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
44,450 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...upon his foes ( vv. 6–12 ). Dagon was twice humiliated in his own temple in Ashdod; on the first occasion he was thrown down in front of the ark, and on the second his head and hands were cut off and were lying on the threshold. Thus an aetiological motif is introduced into the narrative to explain the sacred character of the threshold which was not trodden by the Ashdodites. In displaying his power against the Philistines God humiliated them in three of their five cities, Ashdod, Gath, and Ekron. The plagues sent by God are referred to as ‘tumours’, which...

Essay with Commentary on Post-Biblical Jewish Literature

Essay with Commentary on Post-Biblical Jewish Literature   Reference library

Philip S. Alexander

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
48,106 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...The true owners of this land were the Jews as sons of Shem. On Jubilees see maj gen a .8. 6. Josephus, Antiquities 1.222–36: The Binding of Isaac (= Gen 22:1–19 ) (222) Now Abraham loved Isaac deeply, because he was his only son, born to him by the gift of God on the threshold of his old age. The child, for his part, earned still more good will and affection from his parents by practising every virtue, fulfilling his obligations to his father and mother and being zealous in his piety towards God. (223) Abraham placed all his own happiness in the hope...

Jeremiah

Jeremiah   Reference library

Kathleen M. O'Connor and Kathleen M. O'Connor

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
48,981 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...In this poem of praise, relationship with the One who formed all things is re-established ( v. 16 ). The Creator is unmatched by any pretenders to deity and chooses Israel for a special inheritance ( v. 16 ). ( 10:17–25 ) Exile We are brought back dramatically to the temporal threshold of exile through the voices of at least two speakers. YHWH ( vv. 17–18 and probably in v. 22 ) announces the exile and the siege. Daughter Zion ( vv. 19–21 and probably vv. 23–5 ) comments on the personal significance of the disaster for her and pleads for justice. YHWH's...

1 Chronicles

1 Chronicles   Reference library

H. P. Mathys, H. P. Mathys, and H. P. Mathys

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
48,015 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...that these calls were also repeatedly heeded. vv. 17–26 , the Chronicler goes to great lengths lovingly to portray the gatekeepers. Whilst they are not yet Levites in Neh 11:19 , this is precisely what is stated in this paragraph. vv. 18–19 ‘gatekeepers’ (‘porters’, AV), ‘thresholds of the tent’: according to the Chronicler, the gatekeepers' duty, which was above all to guard entrances, had its roots in the desert-dwelling period and had not been changed since that time. This is what lent it such special dignity and distinguished it from that of the...

discrimination function

discrimination function  

The difference threshold expressed as a function of the physical intensity of the stimuli, as when the difference threshold for loudness is plotted against sound pressure level to yield a loudness ...
threshold effect

threshold effect  

The point at which advertising begins to show signs of increasing sales. As advertising is expensive, the threshold effect is important because it sets the minimum level for an advertising budget.
threshold of training

threshold of training  

The minimum amount of exercise that will improve physical fitness. For exercise to be effective, it must be done with sufficient frequency, intensity, and for a long enough duration. As fitness ...
threshold

threshold  

1 the beginning of that portion of the runway usable for landing.2 the point at which military operations transition from one level to another, for example, a nuclear threshold ...
poverty threshold

poverty threshold  

An income level below which it is deemed impossible in a specified setting to meet basic human needs for food, shelter, clothing, and support of dependent family members. This is a relative term with ...
level of concern

level of concern  

(LOC)The threshold concentration in air of an extremely hazardous substance, above which even a single short exposure can kill or seriously injure humans. See also vulnerable zone.

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