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terminus ante quem

Subject: Archaeology

(TAQ) [Ge] Literally, Latin for the ‘time before which’. A datable layer or structure in an archaeological sequence gives a TAQ dating endpoint for the deposition of ...

terminus ante quem

terminus ante quem ([Ge])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
39 words

... ante quem ( TAQ ) [Ge] Literally, Latin for the ‘time before which’. A datable layer or structure in an archaeological sequence gives a TAQ dating endpoint for the deposition of all layers and material stratigraphically below...

terminus ante quem

terminus ante quem noun phrase   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of Foreign Terms in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
28 words

... ante quem noun phrase M20 Latin (= end before which). The finishing point of a period, the latest possible date for something. Also elliptically as terminus ante...

terminus ante quem

terminus ante quem noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
34 words
terminus ante quem

terminus ante quem noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
46 words
terminus ante quem

terminus ante quem noun   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
21 words
terminus ante quem

terminus ante quem noun   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
27 words
terminus ante quem

terminus ante quem  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
(TAQ)[Ge]Literally, Latin for the ‘time before which’. A datable layer or structure in an archaeological sequence gives a TAQ dating endpoint for the deposition of all layers and material ...
Additions to Daniel

Additions to Daniel   Reference library

George J. Brooke and George J. Brooke

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
7,923 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Hab 2:18–19; Ps 115 ), but also the actual destruction of the idols is depicted (cf. Jub 12:12–13 ). Its similarity to Dan 6 suggests that the den episode may have originated as an independent tradition. D. Date and Place of Composition. 1. About 100 bce , the terminus ante quem , all three additions were incorporated into the Greek text of Daniel; determining actual dates of composition is much more difficult. Most scholars suppose that the Prayer of Azariah and the Song of the Three Jews are so typical in form and content that they are virtually...

Introduction to the Apocrypha

Introduction to the Apocrypha   Reference library

Martin Goodman

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
10,268 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...‘in the thirty-eighth year of the reign of Euergetes’, i.e. in 132 bce ; his grandfather must therefore have composed the original Hebrew in the first half of the second century bce . For some of the other writings (1 Esdras, the Additions to Esther, 1 Maccabees) a final terminus ante quem is the end of the first century ce because Josephus knew and used them; the date of the translation of the Hebrew book of Esther into Greek is given by a colophon which probably fixes it to 114 bce , but it is possible that the Additions that are found only in the Greek...

Hegetor

Hegetor  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A physician of the ‘school’ of Herophilus. The criticisms of Hegetor by Apollonius (8) of Citium (c. 90–15 bc?) provide a terminus ante quem. Hegetor shared other Herophileans' keen interest ...
Hegetor

Hegetor   Reference library

Heinrich von Staden

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
179 words

..., a physician of the ‘school’ of Herophilus . The criticisms of Hegetor by Ap. (8) of Citium ( c. 90–15 bc ?) provide a terminus ante quem. Hegetor shared other Herophileans' keen interest in pulse theory, as Galen (8. 955 Kühn) and Marcellinus ( On Pulses , ch. 3) confirm, but among later Herophileans he stands virtually alone in sharing Herophilus' emphasis on the importance of anatomy . There is, however, no explicit evidence that Hegetor followed Herophilus' example of conducting systematic human dissection. In a fragment from his treatise ...

Laodicea-Nihavend

Laodicea-Nihavend   Reference library

Susan Mary Sherwin-White and Josef Wiesehöfer

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
163 words

..., this being the trunk-road from Babylonia through Media to Bactria . The site and existence of this Greek polis (at modern Nihavend) were revealed by the find of a Greek inscription, a copy of a famous edict of Antiochus (3) III , dated to 193 bc , which gives the terminus ante quem of the foundation. The edict, documenting Antiochus' institution and organization of a state cult for Laodice ( 3 ) , throughout the empire, incidentally attests Laodicea as a polis , with magistrates and, not surprisingly, a Seleucid governor. Near Nihavend, then main...

John of Gaunt

John of Gaunt (1340–99)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Chaucer

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

... commemorates the death of Gaunt's first wife Blanche (see the references in BD 948, 1318–19 and the naming of the poem as ‘the Deeth of Blaunche the Duchesse’ in LGW Prologue F 418, G 406), though whether as consolation or as memorial poem (a question that affects the terminus ante quem of the poem's writing) is less certain. [ Anne Hudson ] LR , see Crow and Olson (1966); Cavanaugh, Susan (1985), A Study of Books Privately Owned in England (Ann Arbor, Mich.), 474–6; Goodman, Anthony (1922), John of Gaunt. The Exercise of Princely Power in...

Palimpsest

Palimpsest   Reference library

Ernst Gamillscheg

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
211 words

...written either parallel to the scriptura inferior or at a right angle to it; in the latter case the reading of the scriptura inferior is easier. Sometimes palaeographers use ultraviolet light to aid in deciphering a palimpsest MS. The scriptura superior provides a terminus ante quem for the erased text and indicates the literary preferences of the later scribe or scriptorium . Replacement of a classical or a secular Byz. author by a Christian text is the rule (e.g., Ephrem over the De Ceremoniis of Constantine VII Porphyrogennetos ), but the...

Sentences of Sextus

Sentences of Sextus   Reference library

Jane Lightfoot

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...of Sextus An influential collection of maxims first mentioned by Origen ( Contra Celsum , VIII, 30), who provides the terminus ante quem and indicates its early popularity with Christian readers. Its translation from Greek into Latin by Rufinus , c . 400 , disseminated it in the West, and Armenian and Syriac versions also exist. Rufinus notes an attribution to Xystus (Sextus), Bishop of Rome (martyred 258), thereby equipping the text with a Christian pedigree; but the alternative attribution to ‘Sixtus the philosopher’ eventually...

Ballester, Pedro Juan

Ballester, Pedro Juan (fl 1477–92)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...to Ballester. Among these are a Valencian Missal dated 1477 (London, BL, Add. MS. 34663) and a Missal of the use of Toledo (Toledo, Archv & Bib. Capitulares, MS. Res. 1). The latter was commissioned for Archbishop Alfonso Carrillo who died in 1482 , which provides a terminus ante quem for the manuscript. Its full-page miniature of the Crucifixion (fol. 149 v ) can be attributed to Ballester on the basis of stylistic comparison with the two miniatures by him in the Missal in Valencia Cathedral. In all his illuminations there is a tendency to group...

Naples, Museo Archeologico Nazionale

Naples, Museo Archeologico Nazionale   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
313 words

...context with little formal recording. They found their way first to the Museo Ercolanese in Portici, then were transferred here between 1805 and 1822 . They provide the most complete documentation for Roman art of the republican to the early imperial period, with a terminus ante quem of ad 79 . The possibility of reconstructing finds from single houses, villas, and temples sites (such as that from the temple of Isis) testifies to a koine (a standard set of finds), often best revealed by variation therefrom. Thus, the Villa of the Papyri is...

Computus

Computus   Reference library

David Pingree

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
309 words

...on computus includes treatises by Isaac Argyros and Nicholas Rhabdas . Ready-made computus tables (or paschal tables) indicating the dates of Easter for the observable future survive in many MSS. Usually compiled by the readers/owners, their earliest date gives the terminus ante quem for the completion of the MS. Grumel , Chronologie 31–55, 98–110, 129–39, 265–77. O. Neugebauer , Ethiopic Astronomy and Computus (Vienna 1979). David...

Göreme

Göreme   Reference library

Annabel Jane Wharton

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
239 words

...in the valley. The Old Church may be ascribed to the early 10th C. on the basis of its close stylistic relation to Ayvalı Kilise in Güllü Dere . Images in the Pigeon House in Çavuşin ( 963–69 ) were derived from those in the New Church, thus providing it with a terminus ante quem . The extremely rich narrative cycles of the New Church are lavishly rendered in a classicizing style with quantities of ultramarine (see Fresco Technique ) and gold and silver foil; the cycle is unique within the empire for high-quality monumental painting of the...

Megara Hyblaea

Megara Hyblaea   Reference library

Arthur Geoffrey Woodhead and Roger J. A. Wilson

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
344 words

...Greek world ( see land division ; urbanism ). The city's proximity to Syracuse conditioned its history. After flourishing for some 250 years, during which time it colonized Selinus , it was destroyed by Gelon in 483 bc (Thuc. 6. 4. 1–2). The firm date is a valuable terminus ante quem for the archaeology of Greek Sicily. Restored under Timoleon , Megara prospered in the 3rd cent., to which period a small Doric temple (? of Aphrodite), a bathhouse, and many of the houses belong, but despite new defences the city was again destroyed, in 213 bc by M....

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