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Overview

tendon

A tough whitish fibrous band of tissue consisting of parallel bundles of collagen fibres that serves to attach muscle to bone.

tendon

tendon   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
16 words

... Strong, flexible band of connective tissue of the protein collagen that joins muscle to...

tendon

tendon   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Zoology (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
21 words

... ( sinew ) A band of very strong connective tissue that connects a muscle to a bone ....

tendon

tendon n.   Quick reference

Concise Medical Dictionary (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
86 words

... n. a tough whitish cord, consisting of numerous parallel bundles of collagen fibres, that serves to attach a muscle to a bone. Tendons are inelastic but flexible; they assist in concentrating the pull of the muscle on a small area of bone. Some tendons are surrounded by tendon sheaths – these are tubular double-layered sacs lined with synovial membrane and containing synovial fluid. Tendon sheaths enclose the flexor tendons at the wrist and ankle, where they minimize friction and facilitate movement. See also aponeurosis . — tendinous ...

tendon

tendon n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Nursing (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
89 words

... [ ten -dŏn] n. a tough whitish cord, consisting of numerous parallel bundles of collagen fibres, that serves to attach a muscle to a bone. Tendons assist in concentrating the pull of the muscle on a small area of bone. t. sheath a tubular sac, lined with synovial membrane and containing synovial fluid, that surrounds some tendons. See also aponeurosis . t. transfer plastic surgery in which the tendon from an unimportant muscle is used to replace the damaged tendon of an important muscle. —tendinous [ ten -din-ŭs] ...

tendon

tendon   Quick reference

Food and Fitness: A Dictionary of Diet and Exercise (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

... A white band of tough, rope-like connective tissue which attaches a muscle to a bone or cartilage. Tendons transmit the forces exerted by muscle contraction to move parts of the skeleton. They can tolerate being pulled vigorously by muscles but are less resistant to compression and twisting forces. Each tendon moves up and down within a sheath containing a small amount of fluid to reduce friction. Inflammation of the sheath (paratendinitis) restricts movement of the tendon and can be quite...

tendon

tendon   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
26 words

...tendon n. A tough whitish fibrous band of tissue consisting of parallel bundles of collagen fibres that serves to attach muscle to bone...

tendon

tendon   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Biology (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
49 words

...tendon A thick strand or sheet of fibrous connective tissue that attaches a muscle to a bone. Tendons consist of collagen fibres and are therefore inelastic: they ensure that the force exerted by muscular contraction is transmitted to the relevant part of the body to be...

tendon

tendon   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

... A high-tensile steel bar, cable, or rope that is stressed. Used to introduce a prestress to concrete, in order to carry and transfer...

tendon

tendon   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

... A band of white tissue connecting a muscle to a bone. It consists mainly of numerous bundles of parallel collagen fibres that provide mechanical strength, and a little elastin, which provides some elasticity. Tendons resist tensile stresses very well and have a tensile strength of about 50–100 N mm −2 . However, they resist shearing forces less effectively and provide little resistance to compressive forces. Tendons contribute to effective muscle action by concentrating the pull of the muscle on a small area of...

Tendon

Tendon   Reference library

A-Z of Plastic Surgery

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Medicine and health, Surgery
Length:
215 words

... Anatomy: Inelastic fibrils of type I collagen in a ground substance of dermatan sulphate. Fibrils are bundled into fibres. The main cells is the fibroblast. Tendon is covered with paratenon. Endotenon covers the central portions. Blood vessels run in paratenon from muscle and from bone. Also vincula system. Blood flow is low. Tendons within sheaths are covered with synovial fluid which is nutritive. Tendons contain few cells and those present include tenocytes, synovial cells and fibroblasts. Healing: • Normally tendons are not very metabolically active....

tendon organ

tendon organ n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... organ n . A shortened name for a Golgi tendon organ...

tendon reflex

tendon reflex n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... reflex n . Another name for a deep tendon reflex...

tendon sense

tendon sense n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... sense n . A form of proprioception and kinaesthesis mediated by receptors in or adjacent to the tendons. See also Golgi tendon organ...

tendon organ

tendon organ   Quick reference

Concise Medical Dictionary (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
47 words

... organ ( Golgi tendon organ ) a sensory receptor found within a tendon that responds to the tension or stretching of the tendon and relays impulses to the central nervous system. Like stretch receptors in muscle, tendon organs are part of the proprioceptor ...

tendon transfer

tendon transfer   Quick reference

Concise Medical Dictionary (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
35 words

... transfer plastic surgery in which the tendon from an unimportant muscle is used to replace the damaged tendon of an important muscle. A common tendon used is the palmaris longus tendon of the...

tendon sheath

tendon sheath   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

... sheath A fibrous sheath lined with synovial membrane and containing synovial fluid , which surrounds the paratenon of some tendons which are close to bones. Tendon sheaths surround many of the long muscle tendons crossing the wrist and...

tendon injury

tendon injury   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

... injury Damage to a tendon . Tendons have a poor blood supply; therefore, injuries are generally slow to heal. Tendon injuries include ruptures that may be partial or complete, tendinitis and tenosynovitis . The main aims of treating acute tendon injuries are: (i) to avoid disruption of the repairing tendon early in healing, (ii) prevent atrophy of associated joints and muscles, and (iii) encourage the tendon tissue to heal. Initial treatment (for the first 5 or 6 days after the injury) includes RICE and anti-inflammatories, followed by a gradual...

patellar tendon

patellar tendon   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

...tendon That part of the quadriceps tendon which attaches onto the patella. Its superficial fibres are continuous with the fibres of the patellar ligament, which attach onto the...

Achilles tendon

Achilles tendon   Quick reference

Concise Medical Dictionary (10 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
33 words

...tendon the tendon of the muscles of the calf of the leg (the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles), situated at the back of the ankle and attached to the calcaneus (heel...

tendon rupture

tendon rupture   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

... rupture Loss of continuity of some or all fibres of a tendon . Tendon ruptures commonly occur after the sudden application of an unbalanced load. The injury can be very dramatic with the victim feeling as if he or she has received a severe blow. A tendon rupture may be classified as complete (third degree strain, resulting in complete loss of function) and partial ruptures (first degree strain and second degree strain). They heal slowly because of the poor blood supply to the tendon. See also tendonitis , tenosynovitis , tenoperiostitis...

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