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technological determinism

The stance that new technologies are the primary cause of major social and historical changes at the macrosocial level of social structure and processes and/or subtle but profound social ...

technological determinism

technological determinism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
227 words

...Technological determinism is often associated with a belief in the neutrality of technology, but is sometimes linked with the notion of the non-neutrality of technology in the form of the stance that we cannot merely use technology without also, to some extent, being used by it. Very broad claims about the impact of technology are open to the criticism of reification . Where technological determinism focuses on communications media in particular it is sometimes referred to as media determinism . A moderate version of technological determinism is...

technological determinism

technological determinism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
85 words

... determinism A theory of social change , characteristically one of evolutionary progress or development , in which productive technique obeys a logic or trajectory of its own; and, in the process, acts as the principal determinant of institutions and social relationships. Since literal technological determinism is clearly untrue, most such theories also invoke a cultural lag between the introduction of a technology, and its full social impact. It should not be confused or equated with historical materialism . See also cultural materialism...

technological determinism

technological determinism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Journalism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
141 words

...technological determinism A form of technocentrism that is sometimes found in journalism studies and other forms of scholarship, whereby it is argued that social change (including developments within journalism) is largely determined by the invention, development, and application of technology. Technological determinism highlights how technological developments ranging from the telegraph to the text message have made new things possible, and the ways in which journalists have responded to such emerging possibilities. This perspective is challenged both...

technological determinism

technological determinism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
140 words

... determinism A reductionist, theoretical position in which technology is understood to determine, in fairly linear simple cause-and-effect ways, the social, cultural, political, and economic aspects of people’s lives. Here, technology is seen as independent, active, and determining, and society is dependent, passive, and reactive. From this perspective, technical advancements are the key drivers of social and economic change. For example, technological determinists argue that new technical developments such as rail, telegraph, cars,...

technological determinism

technological determinism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
The stance that new technologies are the primary cause of major social and historical changes at the macrosocial level of social structure and processes and/or subtle but profound social and ...
media determinism

media determinism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
A synonym for technological determinism as applied to claims about the ‘impact’ of new media technologies on society, institutions, groups, and/or individuals. The term is often applied to the stance ...
social determinism

social determinism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. (*cultural determinism, social shaping) In theories of the relationship between society and technology or media, a stance which asserts the primacy of social (and political) factors rather than ...
influence

influence  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. The capacity to persuade: being able to affect people's attitudes, values, and/or behaviour due to power, status, knowledge, contacts, and/or wealth; alternatively, the effect or agency.2. In the ...
post-industrialism

post-industrialism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
The changes in the form of capitalist societies since the Second World War: a shift from industrial production to service industries and a ‘*knowledge economy’ in which the basis of power is ...
media history

media history  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
The historical study of the mass media pioneered in the 19th century by historians of the press. It is an approach which emphasizes the importance of the specific sociohistorical contexts within ...
determinism

determinism  

The doctrine that every event has a cause. The usual explanation of this is that for every event, there is some antecedent state, related in such a way that it would break a law of nature for this ...
long-term effects

long-term effects  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
In theories and research concerning the potential influence of the mass media on audiences and/or society, subtle and perhaps indirect consequences only apparent over an extended period of time, as ...
Sociologie du Travail

Sociologie du Travail  

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Overview Page
A sociology of work, associated with the writings of certain French sociologists of the 1950s and 1960s, which provided at the time a refreshing critique of the factory-bound perspective of ...
Eric Olin Wright

Eric Olin Wright  

(1947–)American*Marxistsociologist. Born in Kansas, Wright did undergraduate studies at Harvard and Oxford. He completed a PhD in sociology at Berkeley in 1976. He then took a position at the ...
dependent and independent variables

dependent and independent variables  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
See also variable.1. In experimental studies, a dependent variable is an outcome factor on which an independent (‘experimental’ or ‘controlled’) variable is hypothesized and observed to have a ...
relative autonomy

relative autonomy  

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1. In Althusserian Marxist theory, the relative independence of the ‘superstructure’ of society (including ideology and culture) from the economic (or techno-economic) ‘base’ (in contrast to the ...
socio-technical system

socio-technical system  

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Overview Page
A system involving the interaction of hard systems and human beings, in ways that either cannot be separated or are thought to be inappropriate to separate.
McLuhanism

McLuhanism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
Any concept deriving from, and/or in the style of, Marshall McLuhan, a Canadian academic who enjoyed international cult status as a media guru in the 1960s. He is best known for his provocative ...
purpose

purpose  

1. Broadly, the intentions, aims, or goals of an individual which motivate their behaviour on any particular occasion (see also communicative purposes). Some psychologists reject the concept ...
social area analysis

social area analysis  

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A variant of urban ecology associated with the work of Eshref Shevky and Wendell Bell and their associates (see especially E. Shevky and M. Williams, The Social Areas of Los Angeles, 1949, and E. ...

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