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symbolic violence

1. Bourdieu's term for the imposition on subordinated groups by the dominant class of an ideology which legitimates and naturalizes the status quo: see also dominant ideology; ...

symbolic violence

symbolic violence   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Politics
Length:
42 words

...symbolic violence Imposition of cultural or social coercion on less powerful groups, at times with those groups’ collusion. Pierre Bourdieu regards women’s subjection by men, where women are viewed as ‘the weaker sex’, as the classic example of symbolic violence...

symbolic violence

symbolic violence   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
120 words

... violence 1. Bourdieu’s term for the imposition on subordinated groups by the dominant class of an ideology which legitimates and naturalizes the status quo : see also dominant ideology ; symbolic erasure ; compare interpellation . 2. For Gerbner, the representation of physical violence in any medium , though his own concern is television , where such representations are seen as influencing the assumptions of heavy viewers about social reality : see cultivation theory . ‘Symbolic violence … is a show of force and demonstration...

symbolic violence

symbolic violence   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
80 words

... violence The harm arising from the almost unconscious ways structures and hierarchies are internalized by subjects and therefore rendered normal. The term comes from Pierre Bourdieu , who was concerned with the ways that domination proceeds tacitly, embedded in everyday social habits. Slavoj Žižek also discusses symbolic violence in Violence ( 2008 ), arguing that it is located in the signification of language itself, i.e. the very ways in which we talk to one another sustain relations of...

symbolic violence

symbolic violence   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... violence Pierre Bourdieu ’s term for the process whereby the dominant social class impose their ideology on the dominated classes. To put it another way, it theorizes the form hegemony takes when it is achieved. The dominant class legitimizes its own class interests in the eyes of the dominated classes by giving them the appearance of the naturally right....

symbolic violence

symbolic violence  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. Bourdieu's term for the imposition on subordinated groups by the dominant class of an ideology which legitimates and naturalizes the status quo: see also dominant ideology; compare ...
Nahum

Nahum   Reference library

Julia M. O'Brien and Julia M. O'Brien

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,969 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...given allusions to Isa 40–55 and other prophetic materials. Further problematizing the dating of Nahum is the possibility that Assyria may represent less a historical entity than a symbolic enemy, much as Edom serves as a symbol of evil in many of the prophets, and Babylon stands for Rome in Revelation. The readiness with which Nahum's language could be read symbolically is attested in the Nahum pesher from Qumran, in which the writers' contemporary foes are labelled ‘Assyria’. D. Literary Features. 1. Disagreements regarding the material that would have...

Islam and Violence: Our Forgotten Legacy

Islam and Violence: Our Forgotten Legacy   Reference library

Abou El Fadl Khaled

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
2,551 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... Islam and Violence: Our Forgotten Legacy Born in Kuwait of Egyptian parents, he holds degrees from Yale University (B.A.), University of Pennsylvania Law School (J.D.), and Princeton University (M.A./Ph.D.). Abou El Fadl also received formal training in Islamic jurisprudence in Egypt and Kuwait. He is Professor of Law at the UCLA School of Law; his publications include Islam and the Challenge of Democracy ; The Place of Tolerance in Islam; Speaking in God's Name: Islamic Law, Authority and Women ; and Rebellion and Violence in Islamic Law . Though stressing...

Jeremiah

Jeremiah   Reference library

Kathleen M. O'Connor and Kathleen M. O'Connor

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
48,981 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...( 13:1–27 ) Symbolic Acts Connections among the prose and poetry sections collected here are neither narrative nor formal but thematic; destruction must come on account of the nation's foolish pride. The certainty of destruction is expressed by Jeremiah's first ‘symbolic action’ ( vv. 1–11 ), by a second symbolic act to be performed by the people ( vv. 12–14 ), and by poetic pieces that announce the exile. Symbolic acts are dramatized speech that involve more than the drama of street theatre ( Carroll 1986 : 293–7 ). Within ancient Israel symbolic prophetic...

Democracy or Shuracracy

Democracy or Shuracracy   Reference library

Murad Hofmann

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,074 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...( 42:40 ) alike. 27 And yet it is understandable when the West suspects that groups committing acts of violence, although defensively, and those prone to it, would not deliver on democracy if they were to seize power themselves. Would the escalation of violence and counter-violence leading up to a successful democratic revolution not spiral into a renewed suppression of opposition, now by the former underdogs? Indeed, groups prepared to use violence will typically follow the 8th century example of the Abbasid rebellion against Umayyad tyranny and...

Domesticity

Domesticity   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,930 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...been identified with the middle classes because of the way in which it served their social interests and aspirations for upward mobility. At the same time part of this bourgeois enterprise involved the renovation of the aristocracy. In this sense, domesticity was complicit in a symbolic recuperation of the family on behalf of the aristocracy and the *monarchy , as in Burke's sacralization of the aristocratic extended family. Burke attempted to naturalize the connection between filial devotion and the willingness of a subject to obey. His strategic...

Hosea

Hosea   Reference library

John Day and John Day

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
8,823 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...full restoration of the relationship). 2. An explanation common among the Church Fathers and medieval Jewish rabbis, but no longer followed, was that Hosea's marriage was not a literal event, but purely symbolic, either an allegory or a dream. However, it does not read like an allegory or a dream, and some details, such as the name Gomer, have no obvious symbolic significance. 3. One minority view maintains that chs. 1 and 3 are parallel narratives, one concentrating on the children, the other on the wife. But against this (1) 3:1 seems to represent this...

Islam and Secularism

Islam and Secularism   Reference library

Asghar Ali Engineer

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
3,243 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...never followed this religious model. Both the empires were based on personal and authoritarian rule and were Islamic only in name. The Umayyad and the Abbasid Caliphs followed their own personal desires rather than the Qur'anic injunctions or the Shari'ah rules. They just symbolically made their obeisance to religion and followed what was in their personal interest. Thus theirs were what we can call “semisecular” states. And the states which came into existence after the Abbasid state were even more secularised except the Fatimid state which was more or less...

Sensibility

Sensibility   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
7,039 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Enterprising new industrial manufacturers seeking to reach a mass market had to note women's wishes, given the centrality of home. Josiah *Wedgwood boosted the sale of black basalt tea-ware during a downturn in demand because he observed the fashion for delicate white hands symbolic of gentility. Black provided a tasteful contrast during the tea ceremony's civilities. Matthew *Boulton linked the social transformation he and his fellow manufacturers wrought with the parallel campaign for the reformation of manners, which purged cruel, animal-baiting sports...

Class

Class   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,846 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...English history, transformed a whole generation's view of class. He relinquished the crude Marxist model of base and superstructure which gave primacy to economic production as the determining factor in social relations and which saw culture (including value systems and symbolic modes of expression and action) as reflective of this more solid layer of reality. Instead Thompson insisted that class relations and class consciousness developed often through conflict over time, and took cultural and political as well as economic forms. Convinced that both...

Ezekiel

Ezekiel   Reference library

J. Galambush and J. Galambush

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
34,333 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Fear Ezekiel performs a second sign depicting the siege of Jerusalem: this time not an escape scene but a symbolic portrayal of those remaining during the siege. He is to eat bread and drink water while trembling. Similar to the sign-act of 4:9–17 demonstrating the people's deprivation, eating and drinking while trembling shows the extent to which all of life will be dominated by fear of the upcoming destruction. Here, as in 8:17 and 9:9 , it is violence rather than cultic or treaty infidelity for which YHWH will punish Judah ( v. 19 ). ( 12:21–8 ) Prophecy...

Antiquarianism (Popular)

Antiquarianism (Popular)   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,164 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...plays, meticulously investigating their sources from his unrivalled knowledge of medieval *romance and narrative. Where Percy and his generation had sentimentalized and gentrified the figure of the minstrel, Douce promotes the figure of the fool as the literal embodiment and symbolic representation of the unruly populace. For Douce, the paradoxical proof of the greatness of the plays is that they allowed the parts of the clowns to be ad-libbed by leading jesters of the day, some of whom (like Ned Tarleton) can be named, while others are anonymous. Douce 's...

Revelation

Revelation   Reference library

Richard Bauckham and R. N. Whybray

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
23,754 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...the contradiction between God's rule over his creation and the apparently unchecked dominance of evil in the world, the hope of an impending final resolution of history in which God will bring eternal good out of all the evils of this world and renew his creation, the use of symbolic visions and more or less fantastic imagery to fund alternative perceptions of the world, its history, and future. 3. The apocalypses are a literature which deploys the theological imagination to draw its readers into different ways of seeing things, and the most important sense...

Kinship and Kingship: The Early Monarchy

Kinship and Kingship: The Early Monarchy   Reference library

Carol Meyers

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
20,793 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
3

...of Solomon at about 928 bce . Working back from that date, it would seem simple to use the biblical information about the reigns of David and Solomon, were it not that these two kings are each said to have ruled for forty years ( 1 Kings 2.11; 11.42 ), a suspiciously round and symbolic figure. In the absence of other data, and because both kings apparently had long and eventful reigns, the date of David's ascension to kingship is generally placed at about 1005 bce . Estimating the duration of the reign of the preceding king, Saul, presents a different...

Proverbs

Proverbs   Reference library

K. T. Aitken and K. T Aitken

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
20,819 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...which are the normal terms for an adulteress or prostitute. Various explanations of her ‘foreignness’ have been given—both literal and metaphorical—sometimes linked to participation in the sexual rites of fertility cults. Camp ( 1985 : 116) suggests that the figure functions symbolically for ‘the attractions and dangers of any and every sexually liminal woman’. Warning against illicit sexual entanglements was a standard topic within Egyptian wisdom instruction. But whereas the Egyptian sages warned that it could ruin a promising career, here the seductress is...

39 The History of the Book in the Indian Subcontinent

39 The History of the Book in the Indian Subcontinent   Reference library

Abhijit Gupta

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,070 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...failed to make much impact in north India, despite the presentation to the Emperor Akbar of a copy of *Plantin ’s *polyglot Bible in 1580 . This historic gift was made when a delegation of Portuguese Jesuits visited the emperor at Fatehpur Sikri ( see 7 ). In a richly symbolic response, the emperor had several of the engravings in the Bible copied by his own painters. Although the Hindu and Muslim MS traditions took somewhat different routes, they were both instrumental in creating highly evolved communication networks. Access to the production and...

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