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surface rights

Ownership of or rights to use the surface of the land. Subsurface rights (including mineral rights) are often treated separately.

surface rights

surface rights   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... rights Ownership of or rights to use the surface of the land. Subsurface rights (including mineral rights ) are often treated...

surface rights

surface rights  

Ownership of or rights to use the surface of the land. Subsurface rights (including mineral rights) are often treated separately.
The Indonesian Revolution

The Indonesian Revolution   Reference library

Muhammad Natsir

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,838 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...rights have achieved . It has not yet been absorbed into the consciousness of each individual exactly what is his right, what is not his right, so that among the communities of the human race, those basic rights have yet to be fully realized. Man is instructed to fight for his rights. He must strive to attain his rights. Those who hold those rights will not just acquiesce to be taken over by him to whom the rights properly belong : he will defend that which he believes belongs to him. As a consequence of this being-aware-of-rights and...

Islam And Arab Nationalism

Islam And Arab Nationalism   Reference library

‘Abd Al-Rahmān Al-Bazzāz

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
3,393 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...and no desire to oppress other races. It also befits us to make it clear that there is nothing in this national call of ours which need exercise the non-Muslims among the Arabs or diminish their rights as good compatriots. Chauvinism, in all its aspects and forms, is incompatible with the nature of the Arabs; the non-Muslim Arabs used to enjoy all their rights under the shadow of the Arab state, from the earliest times, and the scope open to them was wide. The loyal national-ists among the Arab Christians realize this and know that Islam and the...

Folklore, Customs, and Civic Ritual

Folklore, Customs, and Civic Ritual   Quick reference

Charles Phythian-Adams

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,037 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... (Selden Society, i (1904) , ii ( 1906 ). Current practice might thus be legitimized by an appeal to a theoretically stable past. (Even in the 14th century some peasants felt able to justify their rights by reference back to Domesday Book .) Antiquity might nevertheless be creatively reinterpreted when preferred ‘precedents’ were sought, especially if common rights or shop floor usages were threatened. At one extreme, therefore, custom would be regarded as having virtually the force of local law, while at the other it represented effectively a firm set of...

12 The Economics of Print

12 The Economics of Print   Reference library

Alexis Weedon

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
7,076 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...rights and re-sell at 50 per cent’ had gone. Successful literary properties commanded ‘so many widely varied markets and such intricate contracts’ that successful authors needed a business manager (Brown, 239–40). In the 1920s , *serialization rights and *translation rights usually brought in a lump sum, while royalty agreements for the differently priced book editions were often on a percentage return, depending on how many were sold ( see royalties ). Options on novels and plays were eagerly sought as a source of stories for films; such rights...

17 Bookbinding

17 Bookbinding   Reference library

David Pearson

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
5,353 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
9

...*onlays of differently coloured leather, or by applying paint as well as tooling. A 16 th -century strapwork binding: brown calf, *gold tooling , and black paint. The lower cover of Xenophon’s La Cyropédie (Paris, 1547), bound for Edward VI. © The British Library Board. All Rights Reserved. (C.48.f.3) Leather could also have patterns cut into it ( * cuir ciselé ); this was popular in and around Germany in the late medieval period, but was otherwise uncommon in binding practice. Many of the decorative techniques used on leather were also shared with vellum...

Unveiling and Veiling

Unveiling and Veiling   Reference library

Nazira Zein-ed-Din

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
4,469 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...men should not be without these precious attributes; let them wear veils and let them meet each other and meet women lowering veils over their faces the way women do. . . . On Man's Superiority in His Rights to Inheritance, Legal Testimony, Polygamy, and Arbitrariness in Divorce as Evidence Not to His Advantage but against Him I noticed in some of the articles written against women and their liberation, as well as against their removal of the...

The Future of Culture in Egypt

The Future of Culture in Egypt   Reference library

Tāhā Husayn

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
2,262 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...her, literally and figuratively. This process would be much more difficult than it is if the Egyptian mind were basically different from the European. This is not all. Since the world war we have taken such decisive steps forward that any attempt to retrace them or abrogate the rights won would, I am certain, be violently resisted by many Egyptians. Which one of us is willing to see Egypt retreat from the progress she had made toward democracy, or who would go back to a system that did not center about a constitutional representative government? This form of...

19 The Electronic Book

19 The Electronic Book   Reference library

Eileen Gardiner and Ronald G. Musto

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
5,021 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...the lessons learned during the years of developing digital content were not lost. Large corporate investments in the digitization of content, improvements in delivery software, and the vital experience in conceptualizing hypertext and in obtaining and then protecting digital rights, had profound effects on the development of the e-book, even if the largest stakeholders ultimately decided to stand on the sidelines and await further signs of progress. The invention and growth of the *World Wide Web was particularly important for e-books, because the...

1 Corinthians

1 Corinthians   Reference library

John Barclay and John Barclay

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
31,224 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...to renounce his right to eat meat, if that was necessary for the sake of others. That leads him to present himself as an example on a wider plane of this principle of renunciation of rights. He has the right as an apostle to be given his material upkeep, but for the sake of the gospel he has renounced this: although ‘free’ and entitled to exercise certain rights, he has chosen to make himself a slave ( v. 19 ). But this illustration is not unproblematic, because it is precisely his refusal to accept financial support from the Corinthians which has led...

41 The History of the Book in Korea

41 The History of the Book in Korea   Reference library

Beth McKillop

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
5,106 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

...a more fluent style incorporating curved and weighted strokes. The first publications to reproduce han’gŭl were produced from woodblocks, Han’gŭl script from the Sutra of Filial Piety in a 16 th -century *block printing (1) copy. © The British Library Board. All Rights Reserved (Or. 74.b.3) but in the centuries that followed, many works were published using types; Sohn listed fourteen han’gŭl founts in his 1982 survey of Korean types, Early Korean Typography . The finest editions continued to be court-sponsored works, supervised by the...

Political Economy

Political Economy   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,138 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...vision, an inspiration for many later radicals, went beyond Smith's in comprehending explicit measures of redistribution, using social insurance as a method of complementing the equalizing and democratizing potential contained in Smith's system of natural liberty [ see *natural rights ]. Although radicals and other opponents of the war with France continued to call on Smith's terminology to condemn ‘unproductive’ classes and the high taxes that supported ‘Old Corruption’, as well as the diversion of productive labour from constructive pursuits, it was Burke's...

Religion

Religion   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,549 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...from their beginnings held to the possibility of universal redemption. Unitarians retained the traditional leadership that had been exercised by Presbyterians over Dissent as a whole, notably in the Dissenting deputies, established in the early eighteenth century to protect the rights of Dissenters and, if possible, to advance them. The deputies did little more than hold ground already taken, until in 1813 they obtained an Act extending toleration to Unitarians, which had been denied under the Act of 1689 . They also played an important part in the repeal...

Micah

Micah   Reference library

H. G. M. Williamson and H. G. M. Williamson

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,013 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...themselves as the spiritual heirs of the patriarchs, and so anticipate a return to the experience of God's ‘faithfulness’ and ‘unswerving loyalty’. References Brin, G. (1989), ‘ Micah 2, 12–13 : A Textual and Ideological Study’, ZAW 101:118–24. Dearman, J. A. (1988), Property Rights in the Eighth-Century Prophets: The Conflict and its Background, SBLDS 106 (Atlanta: Scholars Press). Hagstrom, D. G. (1988), The Coherence of the Book of Micah: A Literary Analysis, SBLDS 89 (Atlanta: Scholars Press). Hillers, D. R. (1984), Micah, Hermeneia (Philadelphia:...

Introduction to the Pauline Corpus

Introduction to the Pauline Corpus   Reference library

Terence L. Donaldson

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
25,035 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of Paul's theology; a rough outline of one section of a sketch would be more accurate. Still, if the letters cannot be understood without some sense of the convictional and theological levels operating beneath the surface, this sketch of a sketch might provide the reader with a bit of a glimpse of what might be going on beneath the surface and giving shape to what appears above. I. The Collection and Enduring Significance of the Letters. 1. It was observed above that we have been able to arrive at a better understanding of Paul's letters by comparing them...

Forging an Identity: The Emergence of Ancient Israel

Forging an Identity: The Emergence of Ancient Israel   Reference library

Lawrence E. Stager

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
19,872 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
4

...East. Moshe Greenberg has characterized them as “uprooted, propertyless persons who found a means of subsistence for themselves and their families by entering a state of dependence in various forms. A contributory factor in their helplessness appears to have been their lack of rights as foreigners in the places where they lived. In large numbers they were organized into state-supported bodies to serve the military needs of their localities. Others exchanged their services for maintenance with individual masters” ( The Hab / piru , New Haven, Conn.: American...

2 Corinthians

2 Corinthians   Reference library

Margaret MacDonald and Margaret MacDonald

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
21,614 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Rather, it is a term that Paul employs to communicate his ultimate priorities as an apostle and to express his confidence in his mission. It is a notion that appears frequently in 2 Corinthians. Not surprisingly, Paul also speaks of his ground for boasting when he defines his rights as an apostle in 1 Cor 9:15–16 . Particularly intriguing is the phrase, ‘on the day of the Lord we are your boast even as you are our boast’. The reference to the ‘day of the Lord’ ( cf. 1 Cor 5:5; Phil 1:6, 10; 2:16; 1 Thess 5:2 ) suggests that Paul is convinced that his...

Proverbs

Proverbs   Reference library

K. T. Aitken and K. T Aitken

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
20,819 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...through their evil activities. In a similar vein, v. 25 contrasts the snare of ‘fear of others’—which breeds anxiety and may also breed wrongdoing—with the security to be found in trusting God ( cf. 3:5–8 ). To ‘know the rights of the poor’ ( v. 7 ) means to actively promote justice for the poor. The wicked care nothing about their rights. The ‘men of blood’ ( v. 10 ) recalls the robbers and murderers of 1:8–19 . The ‘blameless’ may be their innocent victims ( cf. 1:11 ) but more probably those who oppose them and seek to bring them to justice. The English...

Numbers

Numbers   Reference library

Terence E. Fretheim and Terence E. Fretheim

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
29,420 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...) A Paradigm of Rebellion ( 11:1–3 ) Rebellion and Leadership ( 11:4–35 ) Familial Challenge to Moses' Leadership ( 12:1–16 ) The Spy Mission ( 13:1–14:45 ) Statutes for Life in the Land ( 15:1–41 ) The Rebellions of Korah and others ( 16:1–50 ) Aaron's Blossoming Rod ( 17:1–13 ) Rights and Responsibilities of Priests and Levites ( 18:1–32 ) Ritual of the Red Heifer ( 19:1–22 ) The Disobedience of Moses and Aaron ( 20:1–29 ) Victory, Complaint, and Healing ( 21:1–35 ) The Story of Balaam ( 22:1–24:25 ) The Final Rebellion ( 25:1–18 ) The New Generation on the...

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