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Overview

stereotype

A preconceived and oversimplified idea of the characteristics which typify a person, race, or community which may lead to treating them in a particular way.

‘stereotype’

‘stereotype’   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
9 words

...stereotype’ (in Labov ’s sense) See sociolinguistic variable...

Stereotype

Stereotype   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Stereotype . A stock concept, image, or type: racial, ethnic, and sexual stereotypes ; And a 10-year-old used car would fit with the stereotypical college kid’s car (EnTenTen13). ...

stereotype

stereotype   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Public Health (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...stereotype Ideas that are preconceived, often prejudicial, about certain kinds of individual or patterns of behavior. ...

stereotype

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A Dictionary of Social Work and Social Care (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... ( stereotyping ) Negative inflexible assumption(s) about an individual or group, usually based on appearance and/or social role, for example, age, class , disability , ethnicity , marital status, religion, sexuality. These assumptions are used to justify discrimination and oppression towards the individual or group targeted. For example, the stereotyping of older people , and especially older women, as vulnerable, dependent, and powerless leads to physical risk being seen as something to be avoided at all costs. Stereotypes can be...

stereotype

stereotype n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...of stereotypes as nothing more than cognitive categories that simplify information processing and are quite resistant to disconfirming information. There is evidence that some people are capable of maintaining strong stereotypes of typical group members without these stereotypes necessarily influencing how they perceive and evaluate particular members of those groups. See also confirmation bias , dual-process model , social categorization , stereotype threat . stereotypic adj . stereotyping n . The act or process of forming a stereotype. ...

stereotype

stereotype   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Organizational Behaviour

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
128 words

... A thought (often an attribute) that is associated with a type of individual and is assumed to be applicable to all in that category, whether or not the notion relates to the individual in question. Stereotyping a category of individuals is a common perceptual bias, as it helps us organize large amounts of data and is often done unconsciously. It can be to the detriment of the group in question and is of concern in recruitment, selection, and promotion in that assumptions are made about an individual based on stereotypes rather than actual behaviour...

stereotype

stereotype   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

... Preconceived, simplistic description of all members of a given group that leads to having certain expectations, often inaccurate and prejudicial, about members of that group without regard to individual...

stereotype

stereotype   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
73 words

... In some approaches to semantics it is supposed that general terms work by an initial connection with a stereotype (sometimes a prototype) or typical example of a class, from which other examples may differ in various ways and to varying degrees before finally losing the classification. In ethical and political contexts, stereotyping is the assumption that some features supposedly true of central examples of the class apply to all its...

stereotype

stereotype   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sports Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
166 words

... A view, or understanding, of a group or a category of people based on the generalization of some perceived or alleged characteristic or distinctive feature. The term has an established pedigree in psychology, and was employed in studies of prejudice, showing in mid-20th-century research in the USA how stereotyping of particular ethnic groups was deeply rooted, and stubbornly resistant to correction by evidence and proof. Stereotypes of sportsmen and -women have contributed significantly to the reproduction of inequality and discrimination in sport. The...

stereotype

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A Dictionary of Film Studies (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
577 words

... and sexuality in cinema, although the term stereotype is not always used. Equally important have been inquiries into stereotyped filmic portrayals of homosexuals, and investigations of racial and ethnic stereotyping. Much of this work is in the ‘images of…’ tradition, documenting and describing stereotypical characterizations and roles, most often in Hollywood films, and usually calling for more nuanced characterizations. Within film studies, however, it is also recognized that films at times play on stereotypes in order to challenge audience expectations....

stereotype

stereotype   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
146 words

... ( stereotyping ) Derived from the Greek ( stereos = solid, typos = mark), and applied in the late 18th century as a technical term for the casting of a papier mâché copy of printing type, the concept was developed by the North American journalist Walter Lippman in his book Public Opinion (1922) to mean the fixed, narrow ‘pictures in our head’, generally resistant to easy change. It usually carries a pejorative meaning—in contrast to the sociological process of typification. The concept has been widely used in studies of crime and deviance...

stereotype

stereotype   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Semiotics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
1,600 words

... . Referring literally to a process in typesetting whereby a mold is made of a page that has been typeset, a stereotype is a page prepared as a single block in this way. From this technical sense has come a common metaphorical use referring to any representation in which the forms are pregiven and fixed. Ideas and attitudes may be stereotyped in this sense, as can choice of words—a word with similar origins and meanings is cliché (the French clicher means “to cast a stereotype”). Plot and character in narrative can also be described as stereotyped,...

stereotype

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A Dictionary of Law Enforcement (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Law
Length:
26 words

... A preconceived and oversimplified idea of the characteristics which typify a person, race, or community which may lead to treating them in a particular...

stereotype

stereotype   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
244 words

...‘modify the social and cultural patterns of conduct of men and women [to eliminate] prejudices and …practices which are based on the idea of the inferiority or superiority of either of the sexes or on stereotyped roles for men and women’ (Art 5(a)). ( See also human rights instruments .) The word ‘stereotype’ is itself a hidden or dead metaphor (a stereotype was a printer’s plate prepared from a forme of...

stereotype semantics

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
21 words

... semantics Model of word meanings in which each meaning includes a stereotype of whatever a word denotes. Compare prototype theory...

stereotype threat

stereotype threat n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... threat n . Impairment of performance resulting from perceived likelihood of being judged according to a negative stereotype , or fear of acting in a manner likely to confirm the negative stereotype. According to the US psychologists Claude Mason Steele (born 1946 ) and Joshua M(ichael) Aronson (born 1961 ), who introduced the term in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology in 1995 , stereotype threat tends to occur when members of minority groups find themselves in situations in which negative group stereotypes are salient, typical...

coaching stereotype

coaching stereotype   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Science and technology, Medicine and health
Length:
124 words

...stereotype The relatively rigid role, which has been assigned to coaches and PE teachers by popular belief A coach is perceived as one who strives for excellence and conditioning, and who otherwise presents a tough and relatively inflexible front to both team and supporters. Some studies have shown that many coaches tend to be rather dominant, able to express aggression easily, and are not interested in the dependency needs of others. However, it is unclear whether this pattern of behaviour is a true reflection of personality or an attempt to act out the...

population stereotype

population stereotype n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...stereotype n . In a situation of seemingly arbitrary choice, a particular option that is chosen by a large proportion of a given population, or an expectation, interpretation, or a manner of perceiving, thinking, or behaving that is statistically prominent within the population. For example, most people in the US and Europe unconsciously expect a knob on an electrical appliance to increase the appliance's output when it is turned clockwise and to decrease the output when it is turned anticlockwise, but they expect a water or gas tap or faucet to...

stereotype

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New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
69 words

... • gripe , hype, mistype, pipe, ripe, sipe, skype, slype, snipe, stripe, swipe, tripe, type, wipe • guttersnipe • bagpipe • standpipe • tailpipe • drainpipe • pitchpipe • windpipe • hornpipe • blowpipe • stovepipe • hosepipe • soilpipe • pinstripe • archetype • logotype • phenotype • linotype • Monotype • electrotype • daguerreotype • subtype • stereotype • collotype • genotype , stenotype • prototype •...

Stereotype Measurement in Political Decision Making

Stereotype Measurement in Political Decision Making   Reference library

Angela L. Bos, Heather Madonia, and Monica C. Schneider

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Political Decision Making

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
6,128 words

...Stereotype Activation and Application Citizens may know or understand a group stereotype that is not activated because stereotype activation is distinct from having knowledge of a group stereotype. Stereotypes are activated when the situation or context increases the accessibility of a group stereotype. For example, a female candidate who emphasizes motherhood may activate voters’ feminine stereotypes. Experimental methods are most conducive to measuring stereotype activation. Experiments have been used to examine the activation of feminine stereotypes (...

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