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stele

The vascular tissue of a root or stem, consisting of a xylem, phloem pericycle, and sometimes having pith and medullary rays. Morphologically, steles can be divided into 2 main categories: ...

Stelae

Stelae   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Ancient history (non-classical to 500 CE)
Length:
2,615 words
Illustration(s):
1

... . The Latin word stela (pl. stelae ) derives from the Greek stele , which means pillar or vertical tablet. (In English, the usual forms are “stele”/“steles.”) In Egypt, stelae are slabs of stone or wood, of many different shapes, usually bearing inscriptions, reliefs, or paintings. Stelae were erected as tombstones and as boundary markers but also as votive and commemorative monuments. From the first dynasty onward—when the earliest stelae were used in Egypt—until Roman times, a considerable change in the shapes of stelae, their decoration, and their...

Stelae

Stelae   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
1,469 words
Illustration(s):
2

... Phoenicia ; Cyprus .] Western Inheritance (End of the First Millennium). The use of funerary stelae was adopted in the Punic world, notably at Carthage, where specific types developed (such as stelae with the Tanit sign). On the other hand, with the Roman world as intermediary, the varied architectural motifs, stylistic characteristics, and functions of stelae have endured into the modern period. Bibliography Bertrandy, François , and Maurice Sznycer . Les stèles puniques de Constantine . Paris, 1987. Börker-Klähn, Jutta . “ Altvorderasiatische Bildstelen...

stele

stele   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
13 words

... ( stela ) An upright carved stone marking an antique ...

Stele

Stele   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
1,678 words
Illustration(s):
1

... [Gr.; pl. stelai; Lat. stela, pl. stelae]. Stone or pillar set upright in commemoration of some event or as a marker for a grave. Stelae are frequently carved or inscribed. Most areas of the world at most periods have produced such objects, but they are often called by other names and the word stele is used chiefly in the Mediterranean world. Islamic law prescribes that bodies be inhumed in a vault so that the dead can sit up and face Mecca on Judgment Day, and orthodox tradition forbids veneration of the dead, including the erection of upright stones....

stele

stele   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Plant Sciences (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
68 words

... The vascular tissue of a root or stem, consisting of a xylem , phloem pericycle , and sometimes having pith and medullary rays . Morphologically, steles can be divided into 2 main categories: protostele and siphonostele , the latter possessing a pith. Either type may be a single vascular vessel ( monostele ) or divided into several strands ( dictyostele...

Stele

Stele   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
528 words

... [Gr.; pl. stelai; Lat. stela, pl. stelae]. Stone or pillar set upright in commemoration of some event or as a marker for a grave. In ancient Greece and Rome the term stele is usually applied to grave markers, although slabs carrying decrees are also called stelai. Most grave monuments have inscriptions only, while it is a minority that have carved figures, although these have attracted more attention than the others. Stelai were rare in Greece until Archaic times ( c. 600 bc ), when a series of carved relief stelai occur in Attica . These are...

stele

stele   Reference library

Anthony Quiney

The Oxford Companion to Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
55 words

... An upright, free-standing slab or block of stone. Carved or inscribed, it may serve as a gravestone, or the decorative stone mounted on the ridge of a pediment, answering to the terminal antefixum . The term more loosely applies to any slab of stone bearing an inscription, such as a plaque. Anthony...

Stele

Stele   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
49 words

...Stele . Orchestral work ( 1994 ) by Kurtág ; the title is from the Greek word for a monumental pillar or inscription, and the last of the three movements is an expansion of a piano piece ( 1993 ) Kurtág composed in memory of his friend the cellist András Mihály...

stele

stele   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Biology (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
111 words

...stele The vascular tissue (i.e. xylem and phloem ) of tracheophyte plants, together with the endodermis and pericycle (when present). The arrangement of stelar tissues is very variable. In roots the stele often forms a solid core, which better enables the root to withstand tension and compression. In stems it is often a hollow cylinder separating the cortex and pith. This arrangement makes the stem more resistant to bending stresses. Monocotyledons and dicotyledons can usually be distinguished by the pattern of their stelar tissue. In monocotyledons the...

stēlē

stēlē   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
141 words

... , ( pl. stēlai ) stone slab, esp. one bearing figured decoration or an inscribed text. In early Archaic Greece such stelai are rare, but in Athens c. 600 bc there begins a distinguished series with relief decoration on the shaft, topped first by a sphinx , then by a palmette finial. The latter type originated in eastern Greece, and it persisted after 500 in the islands, after the Athenian series had already ended. A new type of stele in Athens appears after the mid‐5th cent. It is broader, with pilasters at the side and a pediment above, and...

stele

stele   Reference library

John Boardman and Alan William Johnston

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
259 words

... , stone slab, in particular one bearing figured decoration or an inscribed text. Grave markers are found occasionally in bronze age Greece, the most notable being those with relief decoration above the Shaft Graves at Mycenae . In Geometric and early Archaic Greece such stelai are rare, but in Athens about 600 bc there begins a distinguished series with relief decoration on the shaft, topped first by a sphinx , then by a palmette finial. The latter type originated in east Greece, and it persisted after 500 in the islands, after the Athenian series had...

stele, stela

stele, stela   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
59 words

..., stela ( pl. stelai ) Ancient-Greek monument consisting of a vertical stone carved with reliefs, inscriptions, and ornament, often a crowning anthemion , and commonly used as a gravestone. It was a form often used during the Greek Revival , and a fine example stands over Schinkel ’s grave in Berlin. K & B ( 1971...

Xi’an stele

Xi’an stele   Reference library

Mark Dickens

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...stele ( Nestorian monument , Sian-Fu stele , Chang’an stele ) A black limestone monument from Xi’an, western capital of the Chinese Tang dynasty ( 618–907 ), inscribed in Chinese and Syriac and erected in 781 . The Chinese text, composed by the priest Jingjing (Syr. Adam) and entitled Stele on the Propagation of the Luminous Religion in China , expounds the doctrine and history of Christianity (called Jingjiao , ‘the luminous religion’) in China up to 781 . It describes the mission of the Persian monk Aluoben to China in 635 and the...

crosses and votive stelae, Georgian

crosses and votive stelae, Georgian   Reference library

Manana Odisheli

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...and votive stelae, Georgian S. Nino is said to have erected a wooden cross above Mtskheta , and King Mirian did likewise at Tkhoti, Bodbe, and Ujarma ; the surviving crosses are all fragmentary. Stelae were made of limestone slabs surmounted by a cross. Nearly all come from Iberia . They may include figural compositions from the Old and New Testaments, images of saints and clerics, or donor portraits . In Samtskhe-Javakheti, stelae were mostly decorated with foliage and geometric ornament. They ceased to be made after the 8th century. Manana...

stele

stele   Reference library

The New Oxford Dictionary for Scientific Writers and Editors (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

... ( pl. steles; not stelae) The conducting tissue of pteridophytes and seed plants. Different types of stele are denoted by a prefix (e.g. eustele, dictyostele, polystele, protostele, siphonostele). Adjectival form: stelar...

stele

stele   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Language reference, History of English
Length:
12 words

... sculptured upright slab. XIX. — Gr. stḗlē . So stela XVIII — L. —...

stele

stele noun   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of Foreign Terms in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
52 words

... noun plural steles , (especially in sense 1) stelae E19 Greek ( stēlē standing block; cf. stela ). 1 E19 Antiquities A stela. Also loosely , any prepared surface on the face of a building, rock, etc., bearing an inscription. 2 L19 Botany The central core of the stem and root of a vascular...

ˈstele

ˈstele nf   Quick reference

Pocket Oxford Italian Dictionary: Italian-English (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
3 words
stele

stele noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
79 words
stele

stele noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
76 words

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