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state

A transitory emotional condition.

state

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The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

... A transitory emotional...

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The Oxford Dictionary of Idioms (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
71 words

... in a state of nature : see nature . state of the art the most recent stage in the development of a product, incorporating the newest ideas and the most up-to-date features. state of grace a condition of being free from sin. state of play 1 the score at a particular time in a sports match. 2 the current situation in an ongoing process, especially one involving opposing or competing parties. ...

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
63 words

... A situation ( 1 ) in which nothing is perceived as changing: e.g. that described by It is square or He is my brother . Distinguished as such from an event , process , etc. Hence stative . Also ‘static’: thus a state is a ‘static situation’, distinguished by Huddleston and Pullum, CGEL , from a dynamic situation or occurrence...

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A Dictionary of Mechanical Engineering (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...state 1. In control theory, the minimum vector of values (the state variables) which characterizes a system at a given time and thus determines the control action to be applied. The number of values required is typically equal to the order of the system’s defining differential equation. 2. See thermodynamic state...

State

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Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Provincial States and the second elected by the people. Beaver State See under beaver . Bread and Butter State See under bread . Buffer state See under buffer . Elder statesman See under elder . In a state of nature Nude, naked. Lie in state, To See under lie 2 . Ma State, The See under ma state . Nanny state See under nanny . Old Line State, The See under old . Slave States, The See under slave . Something is rotten in the state of Denmark See under something . Welfare State See under welfare...

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The Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
191 words

... state verb : (a popular term for) stative verb (a verb describing a state, such as be or like in the examples above). The distinction between state verbs and action verbs expresses broadly the same contrast as the opposition stative vs dynamic ( 1 ) . Theoretically, therefore, state verbs are not used in the progressive . In practice, however, some state/stative verbs are used with dynamic meaning ( We’re having a party ; You’re being difficult ). Notice also that some state verbs may denote a brief temporary state ( I think I’ll go to bed ),...

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A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
1,203 words

...whether they are part of the state or part of civil society. A further important issue in relation to the state is the nature of state power . The state as a set of institutions cannot act. It is the various actors within the state who make decisions and implement policy. This raises the important issue, much debated in recent years, of state autonomy. Pluralists generally see the state as acting in the interests of groups in society. State actions are therefore reactions to group pressures. For some pluralists, the state provides an arena for pressure...

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A Dictionary of Geography (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...division that defines the state.’ Wacquant (2001) Eur. J. Criminal Policy 9, 4 argues that neoliberal ideology has brought about the erasure of the economic state, the dismantling of the social state, and the strengthening of the penal state: ‘an integral part in the consolidation of the penal state in France has been the state’s practices that produce spaces.’ ‘Processes of globalization increasingly breach state borders and have led to questioning of the degree to which “fixed” territorial structures of the modern state are adapted to organizing,...

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A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
853 words

...a more extensive system of social support based on the values of social cohesion ( see developmental state ; failed state ; narco-state ). There has been and continues to be wide-ranging debate about the state among human geographers. Andrew Herod notes three distinct ways of thinking about the state geographically. Within the geopolitik tradition, Friedrich Ratzel and later Rudolph Kjellén conceived of the state in organismic terms. The state as an organism needed resources (land) to grow, thereby driving territorial expansion and the growth of...

state

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The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
50 words

... In analytical bibliography, variants from the *ideal copy not covered by *issue —such as corrections or alterations made during printing or after some copies have been sold, *imposition errors, or special-paper copies identical typographically to those on ordinary paper—are described as variant state s. Karen Attar Gaskell, ...

State

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The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Thought

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Philosophy
Length:
1,337 words

...of the state, the deregulation policies promote authoritarian and interventionist states. An important issue is whether the state per se is the problem. As noted by Abdi and Ahmed Samatar, although the African state in its inherited postcolonial form suffers from serious shortcomings, the problem is not with the state per se; rather, the problem lies in the shortcomings of the inherited postcolonial African state. They therefore noted that the development failure in Africa is not because of the state per se but because the inherited postcolonial state is of...

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A Dictionary of Law (9 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
174 words

...state n. A sovereign and independent entity capable of entering into relations with other states ( compare protected state ) and enjoying international legal personality . To qualify as a state, the entity must have: (1) a permanent population (although, as in the case of the Vatican or Nauru, this may be very small); (2) a defined territory over which it exercises authority (although its borders, as in the case of Israel, need not be defined or undisputed); (3) an effective government. There are currently over 190 states. When a new state comes into...

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A Dictionary of Law Enforcement (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Law
Length:
172 words

... A sovereign and independent entity capable of entering into relations with other states ( compare protected state ) and enjoying international legal personality . To qualify as a state, the entity must have: (1) a permanent population (although, as in the case of the Vatican or Nauru, this may be very small); (2) a defined territory over which it exercises authority (although its borders, as in the case of Israel, need not be defined or undisputed); (3) an effective government. There are currently over 180 states. When a new state comes into existence,...

state

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Peter Burnham

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,872 words

...repression meted out by ‘special bodies of armed men having prisons, etc., at their command’ ( Lenin , State and Revolution ). Rather, state forms must also be understood as cultural forms, as cultural revolution and imagery continually and extensively state‐regulated. Attention is thereby broadened beyond the usual focus on what the state does (defence of property rights, regulation of monopolies), to the equally important question of how the state acts, how it projects certain forms of organization on our daily activity. Studies of the administration of...

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The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
136 words

... . Term applied to any of the identifiable stages through which a print has passed as an artist creates or alters the design. The first state is represented by the initial proof taken from the plate. If no alterations are made, this will also be the ‘only state’. Often, however, particularly in etching , the artist will alter the design several times before reaching the final state; several impressions may be taken from the printing surface each time it is altered, but sometimes only a unique impression may exist. Differences in states may be so subtle...

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The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
137 words

... Term applied to any of the identifiable stages through which a print has passed as an artist creates or alters the design. The first state is represented by the initial proof taken from the plate. If no alterations are made, this will also be the ‘only state’. Often, however, particularly in etching , the artist will alter the design several times before reaching the final state; several impressions may be taken from the printing surface each time it is altered, but sometimes only a unique impression may exist. Differences in states may be so subtle...

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A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion
Length:
308 words

... A political * community organized under one government. As the biblical historians looked back, they understood Israel to have been a theocratic state; that is, the power of the monarchy was limited by the tradition of divine laws and the voice of the * prophets . Church and State were, so to speak, one community. In the era of the NT the Christian Church was a tiny group of communities, closely related to each other, and united by the authority of an apostle or his delegates, suspected by Jews, and denied privileges extended to Jews in the pagan Roman...

state

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Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
835 words

...tradition of state analysis tends to treat these tensions as epiphenomena of the fundamental subservience of the state to modern capitalism (see Antonio Gramsci and Louis Althusser ). The much-commented-upon decline of the state in the face of transnational capitalism and the related tendency toward the devolution of centralized state power has not fundamentally contradicted this view (see Miliband, The State in Capitalist Society , 1969 ; Poulantzas, Political Power and Social Classes , 1968 ). The distinction between the state and society —a...

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
191 words

...for the appellation of ‘state’. Equally, proofs before letters of 18th- and 19th-century prints cause ‘stating’ problems and are usually discounted. In the later 19th century some artists deliberately produced small, rare editions of the early states of their prints in order to heighten their financial worth. Generally, but not always, earlier states of most prints command higher prices as they are considered to reflect more accurately the artist's original intentions and are often rarer. For a print collector a ‘first state’ is often the equivalent of...

State

State   Reference library

John A. Hall

The Oxford Companion to Comparative Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
2,153 words

...state, the fixed investments of irrigation systems necessitate stability and thereby allow taxation, the lifeblood of the state. Second, the first states were based on temples, and recent scholarship has suggested that service of a demanding god may account for acceptance of the state. Pristine state formation took place on only a few occasions, typically in geographically diverse places. But even early state power was so great that secondary state formation became an evolutionary necessity. Societies that did not have the protection of a state fell...

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