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Overview

social loafing

The tendency to exert less effort on a task when working as part of a cooperative group than when working on one's own—one reason why many hands make light work. The French agricultural ...

social loafing

social loafing   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

... loafing The reduction in individual effort and motivation as group size increases. Social loafing may help to explain performance losses in the Ringelmann's effect, and may be due to a diffusion of responsibility and loss of individual...

social loafing

social loafing   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Resource Management (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
23 words

...social loafing is when individuals exert less effort whilst working in a group than they would if they were working on their own....

social loafing

social loafing   Quick reference

Food and Fitness: A Dictionary of Diet and Exercise (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

... loafing The concept that some people exert less effort to achieve a goal and have less motivation when they are in a group than when they are on their own. Social loafing tends to have a negative effect on group dynamics. In sport, it can reduce team cohesion and adversely affect team performance. A good coach will reduce social loafing, for example by making sure that the effort of every member of a team is...

social loafing

social loafing   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Organizational Behaviour

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
110 words

... loafing The phenomenon by which individuals make less effort when working in a group because they rely on others to make the effort. This often occurs unconsciously. Groups are often perceived to be more productive than individuals acting alone, but this phenomenon challenges this perspective. This is particularly likely to happen where there are high levels of participation in the group, but where the individual has low levels of interest in participation and there is no system of review. Social loafing can create high levels of resentment amongst other...

social loafing

social loafing   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Business and Management (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
42 words

... loafing The general tendency for people to expend less effort on a task when working as part of a group than when working individually. There have been various attempts to explain this phenomenon. See collective effort model ; Ringelmann effect ; sucker effect...

social loafing

social loafing n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...as much force as an individual working alone, and groups of eight exerted less than four times the force of a single person. The term social loafing was coined by the US psychologist Bibb Latané (born 1937 ) and colleagues who performed an experiment, published in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology in 1979 , in which participants attempted to make as much noise as possible, by yelling and clapping, while wearing blindfolds and listening to masking noise through headphones. Compared to the amount of noise that they generated alone,...

social loafing

social loafing  

The tendency to exert less effort on a task when working as part of a cooperative group than when working on one's own—one reason why many hands make light work. The French agricultural engineer ...
diffusion of responsibility

diffusion of responsibility  

A reduced sense of personal responsibility and individual accountability experienced in certain circumstances by members of a group, often leading to behaviour untypical of any of the group members ...
coaction effect

coaction effect  

The effect on an individual's task performance of the presence of other individuals engaged in the same activity. Depending on the nature of the task, the effect on performance may be positive or ...
collective effort model

collective effort model  

In psychology, a model proposing that working on tasks as part of a group tends to weaken individual motivation by (1) lowering the individual's expectancy that his or her actions can lead to the ...
group performance

group performance  

The actual productivity of a group, that is, its achievements, such as scoring a goal, winning a game, or the potential productivity which consists of the group's best possible performance given its ...
Steiner's model

Steiner's model  

A model of the relation between individual abilities or resources on a team and how the team members interact. It is summarized by the equation: actual productivity = potential productivity − faulty ...
sucker effect

sucker effect  

The finding that some individuals will reduce their individual effort when working on a group task because they fear becoming, or being seen as, a ‘sucker’, i.e. someone who contributes more to the ...
Ringelmann effect

Ringelmann effect  

Another name for social loafing. [Named after the French agricultural engineer Maximilien (Max) Ringelmann (1861–1931) who first investigated the phenomenon in 1882–7]
group dynamics

group dynamics  

Reference type:
Overview Page
1. The structure and interactional processes that take place within small groups in face-to-face interaction: see also communication network.2. The study of small groups and the interaction processes ...
Ringelmann effect

Ringelmann effect n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...effect n . Another name for social loafing . [Named after the French agricultural engineer Maximilien (Max) Ringelmann ( 1861–1931 ) who first investigated the phenomenon in 1882–7...

Ringelmann effect

Ringelmann effect   Quick reference

Food and Fitness: A Dictionary of Diet and Exercise (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...effect The tendency for individual members of a group to perform less well as the size of the group increases. The Ringelmann effect is thought to be due primarily to motivational losses. See also social loafing...

diffusion of responsibility

diffusion of responsibility n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...responsibility n. A reduced sense of personal responsibility and individual accountability experienced in certain circumstances by members of a group, often leading to behaviour untypical of any of the group members when alone. See bystander effect , deindividuation , social loafing...

coaction effect

coaction effect n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... n. The effect on an individual’s task performance of the presence of other individuals engaged in the same activity. Depending on the nature of the task, the effect on performance may be positive or negative. See also drive theory of social facilitation , social facilitation . Compare audience effect , social loafing . [From Latin co - together + agere, actum to...

group performance

group performance   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

...is, its achievements, such as scoring a goal, winning a game, or the potential productivity which consists of the group's best possible performance given its resources and task demands. Resources include all the relevant knowledge and skills of individual members. See also social loafing , Ringelmann effect...

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