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social democracy

1 The title taken by most Marxist socialist parties between 1880 and 1914, especially the German and Russian Social Democratic Parties. In Britain, the Social Democratic ...

social democracy

social democracy   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
56 words

... democracy Political ideology concerning the introduction of socialist ideals without an immediate overhaul of the prevailing political system. Before 1914 , Marxist parties of central and eastern Europe termed themselves social democrats. Contemporary social democracy, however, has been invoked by those wishing to distinguish their socialist beliefs from the those of Marxist parties. See also ...

social democracy

social democracy  

Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference

... democracy A political tradition dating back to the mid-nineteenth century that focused on the pursuit of socialism by democratic means. Early social democrats accepted Karl Marx 's critique of capitalism but generally rejected his claim that socialism could win only through violent revolution. Early social-democratic parties, such as the German SPD, enjoyed considerable success and were emulated by other left-wing politicians and activists. The British Labour Party, the Canadian NDP, and the French Socialist Party are all heirs to the social...

social democracy

social democracy   Quick reference

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
538 words

... democracy , social democrat 1. The title taken by most Marxist socialist parties between 1880 and 1914 , especially the German and Russian Social Democratic Parties. In Britain, the Social Democratic Federation ( SDF ) was a late nineteenth‐century Marxist group which was eventually absorbed into the Communist Party. 2. Beginning with the split of the Russian Social Democratic Party into Bolsheviks and Mensheviks , the more right‐wing faction when socialist parties split. This has become the established usage. By the 1960s there was a clear...

Social democracy

Social democracy   Reference library

Oxford Companion to Australian Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
3,197 words

...subtitle attests— The Third Way. The Renewal of Social Democracy —there are still prospects for social democracy with socialism excised, as New Labour accommodates to the demands of free-market and neo-liberal economic and social agendas. To sever social democracy from socialism, however, is to negate the lessons of history. The Swedish Social Democratic Labor Party has a soul mate in the Australian Labor Party (— see ALP ). Despite its astounding success in government, Swedish social democracy, in forming its first government in 1920 , trailed long...

Democracy and Social Welfare

Democracy and Social Welfare   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

... and Social Welfare Questions The relation between democracy and social welfare raises two rather different types of questions. There is, first, the immediately practical issue of the pursuit of social welfare: does democracy help that pursuit or hinder the enhancement of social welfare? The second issue is more conceptual , and in many ways more difficult. Given the well-known problems in arriving at any cogent and coherent notion of social welfare, we have to ask whether democracy might help to resolve these difficulties. The last question is...

Socialism and Social Democracy

Socialism and Social Democracy   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
6,081 words

... 1890 . The Second International split in the aftermath of World War I over the issue of democracy , but Marxist socialism continued uncontested in the economic realm until the middle 1930s, when the Swedish Social Democrats first formulated their strategy. Between World War II and 1989 , command socialism and social democracy offered alternative and highly antagonistic projects. With the fall of command socialism in Central and Eastern Europe, the demise of the social democratic model in Scandinavia, and the dissolution of the Soviet Union, socialists can...

Socialism and Social Democracy

Socialism and Social Democracy   Reference library

Adam Przeworski

The Oxford Companion to Comparative Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
4,615 words

... 1890 . The Second International split in the aftermath of World War I over the issue of democracy, but Marxist socialism continued uncontested in the economic realm until the middle 1930s, when the Swedish Social Democrats first formulated their strategy. Between World War II and 1989 , command socialism and social democracy offered alternative and highly antagonistic projects. With the fall of command socialism in Central and Eastern Europe, the demise of the social democratic model in Scandinavia, and the dissolution of the Soviet Union, socialists can...

Social Capital and Democracy in Africa

Social Capital and Democracy in Africa   Reference library

Richard Asante

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
10,056 words

...of social capital. It also highlights the different types, forms, and dimensions of social capital and the factors that shape civil society and social capital in Africa within a historical context. The second section defines democracy and highlights the distinctions between different types of democracy, forms, content, and practice in Africa. It discusses the raging debates on the feasibility and compatibility of liberal democracy and alternative conception of democracy in Africa. The third section examines the links between social capital and democracy. It...

social democracy

social democracy noun   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
17 words
social democracy

social democracy noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
35 words
social democracy

social democracy noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
57 words
social democracy

social democracy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
1 The title taken by most Marxist socialist parties between 1880 and 1914, especially the German and Russian Social Democratic Parties. In Britain, the Social Democratic Federation (SDF) was a late ...
Compatibility: Neither Required nor an Issue

Compatibility: Neither Required nor an Issue   Reference library

Ullah Jan Abid

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,474 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...marvel when they find a tenet of Islam matching the concept of democracy and proudly declare that Islam is compatible with democracy. Similarly, others quickly reject Islam when it challenges the godless and spiritually bankrupt aspects of democracy. In fact, if we take out the goodness of democracy, we will see that the Qur'an identified all these social and political values 1400 years ago. Khaled Abou El Fadl has rightly identified these values as “pursuing justice through social cooperation and mutual assistance (the Qur'an 49:13 ; 11:119 );...

Tolerance and Governance: A Discourse on Religion and Democracy

Tolerance and Governance: A Discourse on Religion and Democracy   Reference library

Soroush Abdolkarim

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
3,536 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...and anthropological foundations of democracy. If these same principles are included in religious knowledge and respected by religious people, the result will be religious democracy. Practical and governmental regulations and social relationships are born out of theoretical presuppositions, just as branches feed on roots. The root of democracy is a novel insight that humanity has gained about itself and the limitations of its knowledge. Wherever this seed is allowed to germinate, the external manifestations of democracy will, inevitably, bloom. 3. The Paradox...

Democracy and Shura

Democracy and Shura   Reference library

Sadek J. Sulaiman

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,794 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... As a concept and as a principle, shura in Islam does not differ from democracy. Both shura and democracy arise from the central consideration that collective deliberation is more likely to lead to a fair and sound result for the social good than individual preference. Both concepts also assume that majority judgment tends to be more comprehensive and accurate than minority judgment. As principles, shura and democracy proceed from the core idea that all people are equal in rights and responsibilities. Both thereby commit...

Democracy or Shuracracy

Democracy or Shuracracy   Reference library

Murad Hofmann

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,074 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...the authority of one single individual.” 4 Also to Fathi Osman, those who readily dismiss democracy as un-Islamic only reveal their ignorance of Islam or of democracy—or of both. He goes on to maintain that playing Islam and democracy off against each other is unfair—to both. 5 Not only unfair, but also totally false is the allegation that democracy needs to be accompanied by secularism. (If this were so, democracy would indeed be unacceptable for Islam.) Democracy and secularism are anything but synonymous, on the contrary. Great Britain, Germany, Italy,...

On the Future of Women and Politics in the Arab World

On the Future of Women and Politics in the Arab World   Reference library

Heba Raouf Ezzat

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,961 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...this necessitate reforming our notion of what political participation is about and shifting from a definition of democracy as the “politics of representation” to the more relevant and truly aspired “politics of presence”? If power is also a complex entity that is based primarily on elementary forms of social relations and social capital, how can empowering the majority of women then build on the available social capital of networks and social solidarity and rescue some of the diminishing ones in a rapidly modernizing urban society, and how can we introduce...

The Second Message of Islam

The Second Message of Islam   Reference library

Mahmoud Mohamed Taha

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
10,854 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...political equality or democracy, or sharing in political decisions which affect daily life; and social equality which, to some extent, results from socialism and democracy, and is characterized by a lack of social classes and discrimination based on color, faith, race, or sex. In the good society, people are judged according to their intellectual and moral character, as reflected in their public and private lives and demonstrated in the spirit of public service at all times and through every means. Social equality aims at removing social classes and differences...

Political Theory of Islam

Political Theory of Islam   Reference library

Mawdūdī Abū-L-‘Alā’

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
4,340 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...order or society (politi-cally, legally, and socially). Although originally against any form of nationalism and thus opposed to the establishment of Pakistan, Mawdūdī nevertheless migrated to Pakistan, after the partitioning, where the Jamā‘at-i-Islāmī has been very active in politics. In a work written near the end of his life, Mawdudi incisively rejects the practice, which he believes to be too common among Muslims, of being defensive and apologetic about their faith when the issues of democracy, social justice, and other concepts basic to political...

The Participation of Islamists in a Non-Islamic Government

The Participation of Islamists in a Non-Islamic Government   Reference library

Rachid Ghannouchi

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
3,685 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...1981 (Tunisia's largest Islamist party), later renamed Hizb al-Nahda (Renaissance Party) in 1988. Imprisoned twice during the 1980s, he has lived in exile in London since the early 1990s. Ghannouchi has been a major voice in the Islamic movement on political and social issues from Islam and democracy to women's rights in Islam. The author here concedes that circumstances are not propitious for the establishment of an Islamic government, suggesting that the governments of Iran, Saudi Arabia, and Pakistan, for example, fall short of the goal. This state of affairs...

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