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Overview

signifying practice

Signifying practices are the meaning-making behaviours in which people engage (including the production and reading of texts) following particular conventions or rules of construction and ...

signifying practice

signifying practice   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
101 words

... practice Meaning-making behaviour in which people engage (including the production and reading of texts ) following particular conventions or rules of construction and interpretation . Social semioticians focus on signifying practices in specific sociocultural contexts —on parole rather than langue ( see langue and parole ), and tend towards diachronic rather than synchronic analysis —in contrast to structuralist semioticians who focus on the formal structure of sign systems . Realists criticize what they see as the reduction...

signifying practice

signifying practice  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
Signifying practices are the meaning-making behaviours in which people engage (including the production and reading of texts) following particular conventions or rules of construction and ...
Domesticity

Domesticity   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,930 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...intentionally temporary. Ann Walker's property was entailed back to Lister's family after her death in order to preserve the family name. Thus in a period of intense pressure to conform to new ideals of domestic orthodoxy, a young, lower-gentry practising lesbian was able to affiliate her unorthodox sexual practice and lifestyle with a dynastic family identity. Armstrong, N. , Desire and Domestic Fiction: A Political History of the Novel , Oxford, 1987; Binhammer, K. , ‘ The Sex Panic of the 1790s ’, Journal of the History of Sexuality , 6 (1996), 409–34;...

7 The Book as Symbol

7 The Book as Symbol   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
1,981 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...Book as Symbol Brian Cummings ‘Books are not absolutely dead things,’ wrote John Milton in 1644 in * Areopagitica . A book is a physical object, yet it also signifies something abstract, the words and the meanings collected within it. Thus, a book is both less and more than its contents alone. A book is a metonym for the words that we read or for the thoughts that we have as we read them. At one level, like any domestic object, a book takes on the imprint of its producer and its users. Old books have further value as containing the presence of many...

Poverty

Poverty   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,179 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...compared the English poor unfavourably with those in Scotland, where poor relief was much less expansive. By the turn of the century, independence had lost many of its earlier pejorative associations with political presumption and claims for social autonomy, and now signified a healthy self-sufficiency that kept the labourer submissive and off the parish accounts. In this way it merely refashioned employees' ‘natural’ dependence on their employers, as a pattern of fluid and contractual economic relationships based on individual self-interest in place...

3 The Ancient Book

3 The Ancient Book   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
6,942 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

...can be dated. If the early stages of Chinese writing also appeared on surfaces as fragile as these, their disappearance would make sense. Early Chinese script is often said to be pictographic, but here, each character is part of a real writing system with both a signifier and a signified; in addition, many Chinese pictographs could represent more than one word, so that by evoking a sound as well as an image, they were used as phonograms as well. Abstract signs exist, as do compounds, but only one quarter to one third of the approximately 4,500 surviving...

48 The History of the Book in America

48 The History of the Book in America   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
12,975 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...proponents of a streamlined modernist aesthetic hailed machine typesetting as the means to efficiency and beauty. Yet the great American typographers and designers of this period— C. P. *Rollins , *Updike , *Cleland , *Rogers , *Goudy , *Dwiggins —tended to advocate and practise hand-setting and printing as well as machine production to preserve older printing techniques. The educational mission of scientific publishers dictated both non-profit or subsidized operations and profit-making enterprises. The audience for certain kinds of technical knowledge...

Publishing

Publishing   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,242 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...trade who controlled the processes of production from commissioning to distributing books, was gradually supplanting earlier terms such as ‘stationer’, meaning a publisher/bookseller who belonged to the ancient chartered corporation of the Stationers' Company, or ‘bookseller’, signifying an earlier blending of retail and publishing functions. By the late eighteenth century, selling and publishing were increasingly being distinguished, and ‘stationer’ had come to mean a dealer in paper and writing materials. Pendred reveals how highly specialized the world of...

11 The Technologies of Print

11 The Technologies of Print   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,192 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
8

...and labour necessary to make many identical books (in advance of sales) by mechanical processes. The terms that were eventually adopted in modern European languages for the ‘printing’ of texts and pictures had a long history: words (such as ‘impression’ and ‘stampa’) typically signified the application of pressure, most often to leave a visible mark. As Shakespeare writes in the Prologue to Henry V : ‘Think when we talk of horses, that you see them / Printing their proud hoofs i’ th’ receiving earth.’ Indeed, the principle of using an engraved stone to make...

2 The Sacred Book

2 The Sacred Book   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
9,978 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...25), which was a period centuries removed from the events recounted in the books. Modern biblical scholars view the Pentateuch as a composite work representing several major traditions that have been artfully woven together. Scholars have identified four main literary strands, signified by the letters J, E, D, and P. The J literary contribution represents the earliest source originating from the period of the early monarchy ( 950 bc ), whereas the E sources can be dated to the time of the Northern Kingdom (about 750 bc ). The D literary strand’s best example...

Poetry

Poetry   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,432 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...exposes an astonishing depth in this poem's self-revelation. It is crucially a ludicrous error, hence a perfect sign of what Keats's detractors saw as his Cockney pretentiousness. Remember that the sonnet's explicit theme is the discovery of culture, and that the fanciful style signifies how the sonnet appears to execute its own entrance to the ‘realms of gold’ it so desires. In thus enacting its own desires, however, it simultaneously exposes the spectacular frailty and even triviality of the realms of gold. As in certain medieval paintings, a small leering...

38 The History of the Book in the Muslim World

38 The History of the Book in the Muslim World   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
13,110 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
4

...literary or historical testimony to the craft of *block printing seems to exist, except for two obscure references in Arabic poems of the 10 th and 14 th centuries to the use of ṭarsh to produce copies of amulets. It has been suggested that this non-classical Arabic term signified tin plates with *engraved or repoussé lettering used to produce multiple copies of Qur’anic and incantatory texts for sale to the illiterate poor. Certainly, the style of the surviving pieces indicates that they were not intended to gratify any refined literary or artistic...

Diacritical Marks

Diacritical Marks   Reference library

Garner’s Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
907 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...degree of stress or to distinguish words otherwise identical in form but of different meaning. • breve (˘): /breev/ or /brev/ . This mark, used most commonly in pronunciations, indicates that a vowel is short or unstressed. That is, /bĕt/ in some pronunciation guides signifies the same thing as /bet/ does in this book. • cedilla (¸): /sә- dil -ә/ . This mark appears under the French and Portuguese c when the letter is to be pronounced as an s rather than as a k (as in façade ). Generally the cedilla is quickly dropped in English-language...

Punctuation

Punctuation   Reference library

Garner’s Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
7,703 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...view, that ‘[i]nnovations in language are always interesting metaphorically’”> or signifying the omission of a word's inflection <“Good writers . . . sometimes prove[ ] to be among the toughest of editors themselves”> . (Here, the -d has been omitted from the past-tense proved .) Some writers and editors, though, tacitly change the capitalization to keep their text free of brackets. Too many bracketed edits can certainly clutter a quotation. In fact, the practice is so distracting that it should be used only where the quotation must be rigorously...

unfitness

unfitness  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A general term used in many different contexts to signify someone's or something's failure to meet standards of acceptability.(1)Unfit (adj) can mean inappropriate or unsuitable (e.g. where goods are ...
discursive practice

discursive practice  

Foucault's term for communicative practices based on rules that define and construct their referents. See also constitutive models; compare signifying practice.
licensing

licensing  

Reference type:
Overview Page
n. a system to be introduced by the General Medical Council in November 2009, from which time the medical register will show whether a doctor is a licensed medical practitioner or holds registration ...
photograph

photograph  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
[Greek ‘drawing with light’]A still image of a visible phenomenon in the external world recorded using a camera through the agency of light. In semiotic terms, unedited photographic and filmic images ...
ablegatus

ablegatus  

Reference type:
Overview Page
An early term, translated into envoy, signifying a diplomatic representative of a level below that of ambassador. See Satow's Guide to Diplomatic Practice (5th ed.), 84.
HRMism

HRMism  

Is a term coined by industrial relations theorist, Tom Keenoy, to signify all the various meanings and practices that have come to be subsumed within HRM.

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