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shorthand

Acronyms and abbreviations used in email communication, chat rooms, and newsgroups. For example, IMHO means In My Humble Opinion. See also fasgrolia and abbreviation.

shorthand

shorthand   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Internet (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

... Acronyms and abbreviations used in email communication and in Internet forums . See also fasgrolia and abbreviation...

shorthand

shorthand   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
67 words

... System of writing, used to record speech quickly. Phonetic shorthand systems first appeared during the 18th century, and the most famous system, Pitman's shorthand, was published in 1837 . All the sounds of the English language are represented by 49 signs for consonants and 16 signs to indicate vowels. The Gregg system of phonetic shorthand, widely taught in the USA, has a script based on ordinary...

shorthand

shorthand n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... n . Any method of writing quickly, using special symbols or abbreviations. See also brachygraphy (short writing), stenography (narrow writing), and tachygraphy (quick...

shorthand

shorthand   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
489 words

... An abbreviated, symbolic writing method that improves speed of writing and compact expression, used especially to record *dictation or discourse. Other names for shorthand include brachygraphy, tachygraphy and, most commonly, stenography (Gk stenos , ‘narrow’, ‘close’, and graphos , ‘writing’). Many forms of shorthand exist. Typical shorthand systems provide symbols or *abbreviations for words and common phrases, allowing someone well trained in the system to write as quickly as people speak. Shorthand notes are usually temporary, intended...

shorthand

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A Dictionary of Journalism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
67 words

...shorthand A system of fast and accurate note-taking , such as Pitman and Teeline, that is based on abbreviations and symbols. A shorthand speed of at least 100 words per minute is required for reporters on most local and regional newspapers in the UK; some other employers in the digital age see it more as an added bonus than as a prerequisite. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S9_5Q1QrjeE NCTJ shorthand...

shorthand

shorthand   Reference library

Eric Rasmussen

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... . Note-taking by individuals in the playhouse for personal use was a frequent practice, acknowledged and accepted by the players, but attempts to take down an entire play using early systems of shorthand were frowned upon. The dramatist Thomas Heywood complained that his plays were ‘corrupt and mangled, (copied only by the ear)’ and blamed the poor textual quality of one play on shorthand: ‘some by Stenography, drew the plot: put it in print: (scarce one word true)’. It has been suggested that the Q1 text of King Lear derives from a shorthand...

shorthand

shorthand   Reference library

David Ganz and Marco Perale

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...of over 13,000 signs, and there are also Latin shorthand copies of the Psalter, of complete sermons, and of shorter texts and glosses. Greek shorthand manuals containing word lists and their corresponding abbreviated entries are transmitted on papyrus from the 2nd century ad . Shorthand word lists were probably intended both for teaching and for scholarly use (P.Oxy. XV 1808; P.Westm.Coll. Inv. 19r; P.Brit.Libr. 2561–2). Shorthand also survives on wax tablets such as BL Add. ms. 33,270. Greek shorthand continued in use in the Byzantine Empire until the...

shorthand

shorthand   Reference library

A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, History
Length:
141 words

... Shorthand is a system of writing at speed by means of abbreviations, signs, or symbols, and is therefore the opposite of longhand, the normal mode of writing a text in full. Shorthand, of one type or another, dates back to the ancient Greeks, but what has always been regarded as the first modern system of shorthand was invented by Timothy Bright, MD, and expounded in his book Characterie, an Arte of Shorte, Swifte and Secrete Writing by Character ( 1588 ), for which he was granted a fifteen-year patent by Elizabeth I. Bright's system, based partly on...

Shorthand

Shorthand   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...became the dominant medium, although Pitman ’s Shorthand is widely used there and is predominant in Canada. Gregg Shorthand is also phonetic, but the characters are based on elements of ordinary longhand, vowels shown by circles and hooks, and curving motions are used throughout to ease movement. It also employs abbreviations, blended consonants, and affix forms to enable the writer to gain speed. Systems developed in the 20c use longhand symbols for most or all letters, and include: Baine’s Typed Shorthand ( 1917 ), Speedwriting ( 1923 , 1951 ), ...

shorthand book

shorthand book   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
410 words

... book An illustrated technical manual for teaching a *shorthand system. The earliest were published in Britain in the late 16 th century, notably Timothy Bright ’s Characterie: An Arte of Shorte, Swifte, and Secrete Writing by Character ( 1588 ). By the late 17 th century, the shorthand book market was fiercely competitive: according to Gold, more than 100 different manuals, exclusive of reprints and new *editions , were published 1635–1800 . Early manuals were aimed at an educated élite: changing *formats reflect the shorthand book ’s...

shorthand

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New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
208 words

... • and , band, bland, brand, expand, firsthand, gland, grand, hand, land, manned, misunderstand, offhand, rand, righthand, Samarkand, sand, stand, strand, thirdhand, underhand, undermanned, understand, unplanned, untanned, withstand • graduand • hatband • armband • headband , headstand • neckband • sweatband • waistband • waveband • wristband • broadband • showband • noseband • saraband • backhand • chargehand • farmhand • deckhand • stagehand • freehand • millhand • behindhand • longhand • beforehand , forehand • shorthand • gangland •...

shorthand

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Pocket Oxford Italian Dictionary: English-Italian (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
4 words
shorthand

shorthand n   Reference library

Oxford Business French Dictionary: English-French

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
10 words
shorthand

shorthand noun   Reference library

Pocket Modern Oxford Welsh Dictionary: English-Welsh

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
4 words
shorthand

shorthand n   Reference library

Pocket Oxford Irish Dictionary: English-Irish

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
6 words
shorthand

shorthand n   Quick reference

Pocket Oxford Latin Dictionary: English-Latin (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries, Classical studies
Length:
5 words
shorthand

shorthand noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
105 words
shorthand

shorthand n   Reference library

Oxford Business Spanish Dictionary: English-Spanish

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
12 words
shorthand

shorthand noun   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
41 words
shorthand

shorthand noun   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
40 words

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